8. With the Existence of a Child and Parents no one Else Inherits Except a Husband and Wife

Back to book

1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ وَغَيْرِهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا يَرِثُ مَعَ الأمِّ وَلا مَعَ الأبِ وَلا مَعَ الابْنِ وَلا مَعَ الابْنَةِ إِلا الزَّوْجُ وَالزَّوْجَةُ وَإِنَّ الزَّوْجَ لا يُنْقَصُ مِنَ النِّصْفِ شَيْئاً إِذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ وَلَدٌ وَلا تُنْقَصُ الزَّوْجَةُ مِنَ الرُّبُعِ شَيْئاً إِذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ وَلَدٌ فَإِذَا كَانَ مَعَهُمَا وَلَدٌ فَلِلزَّوْجِ الرُّبُعُ وَلِلْمَرْأَةِ الثُّمُنُ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa and a number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad all from ibn Mahbub from abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz and others from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘With the existence of a mother or father or son or daughter no one else inherits except the husband and wife. The one-half share of the husband is not reduced if there are no children; and from one-fourth of a wife nothing is reduced if there are no children; but if there is a child with them then one-fourth is the share of a husband and one-eighth is the share of a wife.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/126)



2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ إِذَا تَرَكَ الرَّجُلُ أُمَّهُ أَوْ أَبَاهُ أَوِ ابْنَهُ أَوِ ابْنَتَهُ فَإِذَا تَرَكَ وَاحِداً مِنَ الأرْبَعَةِ فَلَيْسَ بِالَّذِي عَنَى اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فِي كِتَابِهِ قُلِ اللهُ يُفْتِيكُمْ فِي الْكَلالَةِ وَلا يَرِثُ مَعَ الأمِّ وَلا مَعَ الأبِ وَلا مَعَ الابْنِ وَلا مَعَ الابْنَةِ أَحَدٌ خَلَقَهُ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ غَيْرَ زَوْجٍ أَوْ زَوْجَةٍ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Jamil ibn Darraj from Zurarah who has narrated the following: “If a deceased leaves behind his mother, or father, or his son or his daughter with one of these four then what Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has spoken about, ‘Allah gives you a fatwa about al -Kalalah’ (4:176) does not apply. With the existence of the mother, father, son or daughter no one of the creatures of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, inherits except the husband and wife/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/126)