15. If one Agrees with an Oath that is Taken, it Dismisses his Claim even if he has Testimony

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ أُكَيْلٍ النُّمَيْرِيِّ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا رَضِيَ صَاحِبُ الْحَقِّ بِيَمِينِ الْمُنْكِرِ لِحَقِّهِ فَاسْتَحْلَفَهُ فَحَلَفَ أَنْ لا حَقَّ لَهُ قِبَلَهُ ذَهَبَتِ الْيَمِينُ بِحَقِّ الْمُدَّعِي فَلا دَعْوَى لَهُ قُلْتُ لَهُ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ عَلَيْهِ بَيِّنَةٌ عَادِلَةٌ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَإِنْ أَقَامَ بَعْدَ مَا اسْتَحْلَفَهُ بِاللهِ خَمْسِينَ قَسَامَةً مَا كَانَ لَهُ وَكَانَتِ الْيَمِينُ قَدْ أَبْطَلَتْ كُلَّ مَا ادَّعَاهُ قَبْلَهُ مِمَّا قَدِ اسْتَحْلَفَهُ عَلَيْهِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Faddal from Ali ibn ‘Uqbah from Musa ibn ‘Ukayl al-Numayriy from ibn abu Ya’fur who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ’If a plaintiff agrees with the defendant’s taking an oath who then swears that the plaintiff does not have any right on him, it abolishes the right of the plaintiff and the case is dismissed.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if he can present just testimony?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, even so, an oath by Allah fifty times abolishes and invalidates his claim because of which he had asked for an oath.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/285)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ خَضِرٍ النَّخَعِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ لَهُ عَلَى الرَّجُلِ الْمَالُ فَيَجْحَدُهُ قَالَ إِنِ اسْتَحْلَفَهُ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ أَنْ يَأْخُذَ شَيْئاً وَإِنْ تَرَكَهُ وَلَمْ يَسْتَحْلِفْهُ فَهُوَ عَلَى حَقِّهِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ibrahim ibn ‘Abd al-FIamid from Khidr al-Nakha’iy who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who has a certain right on another man who denies it, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If he has made him to take an oath, then he does not have any right; but if he has not made him to take an oath, then his right is in place.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/286)



3- عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ فِي الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ لَهُ عَلَى الرَّجُلِ الْمَالُ فَيَجْحَدُهُ فَيَحْلِفُ لَهُ يَمِينَ صَبْرٍ أَلَهُ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ قَالَ لَيْسَ لَهُ أَنْ يَطْلُبَ مِنْهُ وَكَذَلِكَ إِنِ احْتَسَبَهُ عِنْدَ اللهِ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ أَنْ يَطْلُبَهُ مِنْهُ.


3. Ali has narrated from his father from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Hammad from Ibrahim ibn ‘Abd al-Hamid from certain persons of his people who has narrated the following: “This is about the case of a man to whom another man owes a certain amount of assets who denies and takes an oath that he does not owe him anything; if he (plaintiff) must be content with it or there is any remedy for him? He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He does not have any right thereafter and so also is the case if he (plaintiff) waives it for the sake of Allah, he does not have any right to ask for it anymore.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/286)