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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ وَأَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ الْفَزَارِيِّ قَالَ سُئِلَ وَأَنَا عِنْدَهُ يَعْنِي أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ مَوْلُودٍ وُلِدَ وَلَيْسَ بِذَكَرٍ وَلا أُنْثَى وَلَيْسَ لَهُ إِلا دُبُرٌ كَيْفَ يُوَرَّثُ قَالَ يَجْلِسُ الإمَامُ وَيَجْلِسُ مَعَهُ نَاسٌ فَيَدْعُو اللهَ وَيُجِيلُ السِّهَامَ عَلَى أَيِّ مِيرَاثٍ يُوَرَّثُ مِيرَاثِ الذَّكَرِ أَوْ مِيرَاثِ الأنْثَى فَأَيُّ ذَلِكَ خَرَجَ وَرَّثَهُ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَأَيُّ قَضِيَّةٍ أَعْدَلُ مِنْ قَضِيَّةٍ يُجَالُ عَلَيْهَا بِالسِّهَامِ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ فَساهَمَ فَكانَ مِنَ الْمُدْحَضِينَ.


1. Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan and abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al- Jabbar all from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muskan from Ishaq al-Fazariy who has narrated the following: “Once abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked, when I was with him, about the case of a newborn who is not a male or female but there is only the anus and how to deal with the inheritance of such person. He (the Imam) said, ‘The Imam and people come in a gathering, pray to Allah then arrange a raffle to see the name of which sex comes and deal with the case according to the result of the raffle. No other means is as fair as raffle; Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has said, ‘They cast raffle and he lost in the raffle.’” (37:141)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/237)



2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ فُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ مَوْلُودٍ لَيْسَ لَهُ مَا لِلرِّجَالِ وَلا لَهُ مَا لِلنِّسَاءِ قَالَ يُقْرِعُ الإمَامُ أَوِ الْمُقْرِعُ بِهِ يَكْتُبُ عَلَى سَهْمٍ عَبْدَ اللهِ وَعَلَى سَهْمٍ آخَرَ أَمَةَ اللهِ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ الإمَامُ أَوِ الْمُقْرِعُ اللهُمَّ أَنْتَ اللهُ لا إِلَهَ إِلا أَنْتَ عَالِمُ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ أَنْتَ تَحْكُمُ بَيْنَ عِبَادِكَ فِيمَا كَانُوا فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ فَبَيِّنْ لَنَا أَمْرَ هَذَا الْمَوْلُودِ كَيْفَ يُوَرَّثُ مَا فَرَضْتَ لَهُ فِي الْكِتَابِ ثُمَّ يُطْرَحُ السَّهْمَانِ فِي سِهَامٍ مُبْهَمَةٍ ثُمَّ تُجَالُ السِّهَامُ عَلَى مَا خَرَجَ وُرِّثَ عَلَيْهِ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, all from ibn Mahbub from Ali ibn Ri’ab from Fudayl ibn Yasar who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a newborn who does not have the male or female organ. He (the Imam) said, ‘The Imam or one who casts raffle settles it by means of casting a raffle. On one token, he writes ‘male servant of Allah’, on the other he writes ‘female servant of Allah’. Then the Imam or the one who is casting the raffle says, ‘O Lord, You are Allah, no one deserves worship except You. You have the knowledge of the apparent and the unseen. You decide among Your servants in matters where they have differences, so please guide us in the matter of this newborn about inheritance and about Your ordained shares for this newborn in the book.’ The two tokens then are mixed with other similar tokens, then one is picked up randomly until one of the two tokens comes out and accordingly the matter of inheritance is decided.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/238)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ وَالْحَجَّالِ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سُئِلَ عَنْ مَوْلُودٍ لَيْسَ بِذَكَرٍ وَلا أُنْثَى لَيْسَ لَهُ إِلا دُبُرٌ كَيْفَ يُوَرَّثُ قَالَ يَجْلِسُ الإمَامُ وَيَجْلِسُ عِنْدَهُ نَاسٌ مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فَيَدْعُو اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَتُجَالُ السِّهَامُ عَلَيْهِ عَلَى أَيِّ مِيرَاثٍ يُوَرِّثُهُ أَمِيرَاثِ الذَّكَرِ أَوْ مِيرَاثِ الأنْثَى فَأَيُّ ذَلِكَ خَرَجَ عَلَيْهِ وَرَّثَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَأَيُّ قَضِيَّةٍ أَعْدَلُ مِنْ قَضِيَّةٍ تُجَالُ عَلَيْهَا السِّهَامُ يَقُولُ اللهُ تَعَالَى فَساهَمَ فَكانَ مِنَ الْمُدْحَضِينَ قَالَ وَمَا مِنْ أَمْرٍ يَخْتَلِفُ فِيهِ اثْنَانِ إِلا وَلَهُ أَصْلٌ فِي كِتَابِ اللهِ وَلَكِنْ لا تَبْلُغُهُ عُقُولُ الرِّجَالِ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal and al-Hajjal from Thadabah ibn Maymun from certain persons of our people who has narrated the following: “Once abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about the case of a newborn who is not a male or female except that the child has an anus and about the inheritance of such child. He (the Imam) said, ‘The Imam with Muslim people sits in a gathering and prays to Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, then mixes the arrows (tokens) to find out thereby if the child must receive from the legacy as a male or a female person. Whichever ’s token or arrow comes out it then is taken as means of settlement. He (the Imam) then said, ‘No other means is as fair as raffle; Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has said, ‘They cast raffle and he was of those who failed in the raffle.’ (37:141)” He (the Imam) said, ‘For every matter about which two people dispute, there is a principle for it in the book of Allah but the power of reason of people cannot reach it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/238)