24. The Will for a Part of One’s Assets

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ سَيَابَةَ قَالَ إِنَّ امْرَأَةً أَوْصَتْ إِلَيَّ فَقَالَتْ ثُلُثِي يُقْضَى بِهِ دَيْنِي وَجُزْءٌ مِنْهُ لِفُلانَةَ فَسَأَلْتُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ ابْنَ أَبِي لَيْلَى فَقَالَ مَا أَرَى لَهَا شَيْئاً مَا أَدْرِي مَا الْجُزْءُ فَسَأَلْتُ عَنْهُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ وَخَبَّرْتُهُ كَيْفَ قَالَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ وَمَا قَالَ ابْنُ أَبِي لَيْلَى فَقَالَ كَذَبَ ابْنُ أَبِي لَيْلَى لَهَا عُشْرُ الثُّلُثِ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَمَرَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَقَالَ اجْعَلْ عَلى‏ كُلِّ جَبَلٍ مِنْهُنَّ جُزْءاً وَكَانَتِ الْجِبَالُ يَوْمَئِذٍ عَشَرَةً وَالْجُزْءُ هُوَ الْعُشْرُ مِنَ الشَّيْ‏ءِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from ibn Mahbub from ‘ Abd Allah ibn Sinan from ‘ Abd al- Rahman ibn Sayabah who has narrated the following: “A woman made a will to me that said, ‘With one-third of my legacy my debts must be paid and part of it will be for so and so female.’ I then asked ibn abu Layla’ about it and he said, ‘There is nothing for her because I do not know how much is al-Juz’ (a part).’ I then asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, about it afterwards and informed him (the Imam) how she had said it and what ibn abu Layla’ had said. He (the Imam) said, ‘Ibn abu Layla’ has spoken falsely. She can have one-tenth of the one- third because Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, said to Ibrahim ‘Alayhi al-Salam, “Place Juza’ (a part) of it on every mountain” (2:260) the mountains at that time were ten, thus al-Juz’ is one-tenth of something.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/67)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَوْصَى بِجُزْءٍ مِنْ مَالِهِ قَالَ جُزْءٌ مِنْ عَشَرَةٍ قَالَ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ اجْعَلْ عَلى‏ كُلِّ جَبَلٍ مِنْهُنَّ جُزْءاً وَكَانَتِ الْجِبَالُ عَشَرَةً.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from and A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from ibn Faddal from Th’alabah’ ibn Maymun from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who made a will about a part of his legacy. He (the Imam) said, ‘Apart is one-tenth because Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has said, ‘Place a part on every mountain’ the mountains were ten.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/68)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ تَغْلِبَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) الْجُزْءُ وَاحِدٌ مِنْ عَشَرَةٍ لأنَّ الْجِبَالَ عَشَرَةٌ وَالطُّيُورَ أَرْبَعَةٌ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Aban ibn Th’alabah who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A part is one-tenth because the mountains were ten and the birds were four.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/68)