26. A Deceased Leaves behind Just his Wife

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1- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ الْعَطَّارِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ نُعَيْمٍ الصَّحَّافِ قَالَ مَاتَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ بَيَّاعُ السَّابِرِيِّ وَأَوْصَى إِلَيَّ وَتَرَكَ امْرَأَةً لَهُ وَلَمْ يَتْرُكْ وَارِثاً غَيْرَهَا فَكَتَبْتُ إِلَى الْعَبْدِ الصَّالِحِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَكَتَبَ إِلَيَّ أَعْطِ الْمَرْأَةَ الرُّبُعَ وَاحْمِلِ الْبَاقِيَ إِلَيْنَا.


1. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan ibn Ziyad al-‘Attar from Muhammad ibn al-Nu’aym al-Sahhaf who has narrated the following: “Muhammad ibn abu ‘Umayr Bayya‘ al-Sabiriy died and he made a will to me. He left behind his wife and no other heirs. I wrote to the virtuous servant (of Allah) about it and he (the Imam) wrote to me the answer that said, ‘Give one-fourth to the woman (his wife) and deliver the rest to us.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/186)



2- عَنْهُ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رِبَاطٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سُكَيْنٍ وَعَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ مُشْمَعِلٍّ وَعَنِ ابْنِ رِبَاطٍ عَنْ مُشْمَعِلٍّ كُلِّهِمْ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قَرَأَ عَلَيَّ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي الْفَرَائِضِ امْرَأَةٌ تُوُفِّيَتْ وَتَرَكَتْ زَوْجَهَا قَالَ الْمَالُ كُلُّهُ لِلزَّوْجِ وَرَجُلٌ تُوُفِّيَ وَتَرَكَ امْرَأَتَهُ قَالَ لِلْمَرْأَةِ الرُّبُعُ وَمَا بَقِيَ فَلِلإمَامِ.


2. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sukayn and Ali ibn abu Hamzah from Mushma‘il and ibn Ribat from Mushma‘il all of them from abu Basir who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once read for me (from the book) on the issue of ordained shares of inheritance the following: ‘A woman dies and leaves behind her husband,’ he (the Imam) said, ‘The entire legacy belongs to him. If a man dies and leaves behind his wife, he (the Imam) said that one- fourth belongs to her and the rest belongs to the Imam.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/186)



3- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ وُهَيْبِ بْنِ حَفْصٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ تُوُفِّيَ وَتَرَكَ امْرَأَتَهُ فَقَالَ لِلْمَرْأَةِ الرُّبُعُ وَمَا بَقِيَ فَلِلإمَامِ‏.


3. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad from Wuhayb ibn Hafs from abu Basir who has narrated the following: “About the case of a woman who dies and leaves behind her husband, abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One-fourth belongs to the woman and the rest belongs to the Imam.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/186)



4- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ قَالَ كَتَبَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَمْزَةَ الْعَلَوِيُّ إِلَى أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ الثَّانِي (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) مَوْلًى لَكَ أَوْصَى إِلَيَّ بِمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ وَكُنْتُ أَسْمَعُهُ يَقُولُ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ هُوَ لِي فَهُوَ لِمَوْلايَ فَمَاتَ وَتَرَكَهَا وَلَمْ يَأْمُرْ فِيهَا بِشَيْ‏ءٍ وَلَهُ امْرَأَتَانِ أَمَّا إِحْدَاهُمَا فَبِبَغْدَادَ وَلا أَعْرِفُ لَهَا مَوْضِعاً السَّاعَةَ وَالأخْرَى بِقُمَّ فَمَا الَّذِي تَأْمُرُنِي فِي هَذِهِ الْمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ فَكَتَبَ إِلَيْهِ انْظُرْ أَنْ تَدْفَعَ مِنْ هَذِهِ الدَّرَاهِمِ إِلَى زَوْجَتَيِ الرَّجُلِ وَحَقُّهُمَا مِنْ ذَلِكَ الثُّمُنُ إِنْ كَانَ لَهُ وَلَدٌ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ وَلَدٌ فَالرُّبُعُ وَتَصَدَّقْ بِالْبَاقِي عَلَى مَنْ تَعْرِفُ أَنَّ لَهُ إِلَيْهِ حَاجَةً إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from Ali ibn Mahziyar who has narrated the following: “Once Muhammad ibn Hamzah al-‘Alawiy wrote to abu Ja‘far, al-Thaniy, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked, ‘One of your Mawla made a will to me about a hundred dirham and I heard him say, ‘Everything that belongs to me is for my Mawla.’ He died and left it but did not instruct to give anything from it. He has two women of whom one is in Baghdad whose address I do not know at this time and the other is in Qum; so what do you command me about the one hundred dirham?’ He (the Imam) wrote to him saying, ‘Find out how you can give from these dirham to the two wives of the man. Their rights in it is one-eighth if he has left any children but if he has not left any children, then it is one-fourth; and give the rest as charity to whomever you know is needy and deserving of charity, by the will of Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/186)



5- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ خَلَفِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي زَوْجٍ مَاتَ وَتَرَكَ امْرَأَةً فَقَالَ لَهَا الرُّبُعُ وَتَدْفَعُ الْبَاقِيَ إِلَيْنَا.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Asbat from Khalaf ibn Hammad from Musa ibn Bakr from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who dies and leaves behind his wife, abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One-fourth belongs to her and the rest must be given to us.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/187)