37. Inheritance of People of other Religions

Back to book

1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ وَهِشَامٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِيمَا رَوَى النَّاسُ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَنَّهُ قَالَ لا يَتَوَارَثُ أَهْلُ مِلَّتَيْنِ فَقَالَ نَرِثُهُمْ وَلا يَرِثُونَّا لأنَّ الإسْلامَ لَمْ يَزِدْهُ فِي حَقِّهِ إِلا شِدَّةً.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil from Hisham who has narrated the following: “This is about what is narrated from the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause. He (the Messenger of Allah) has said that people of two religions do not inherit from each other. Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘We inherit from them but they cannot inherit from us because al-Islam has not increased anything in his favor except sternness.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/212)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ لا يَرِثُ الْيَهُودِيُّ وَلا النَّصْرَانِيُّ الْمُسْلِمَ وَيَرِثُ الْمُسْلِمُ الْيَهُودِيَّ وَالنَّصْرَانِيَّ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu Najran from ‘Asem ibn Humayd from Muhammad ibn Qays who has narrated the following: “I once heard abu Ja‘far, Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘Jews and Christians cannot inherit from the Muslims but a Muslim can inherit from Jews and Christians.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/212)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ زُرْعَةَ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ الْمُسْلِمِ هَلْ يَرِثُ الْمُشْرِكَ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَلا يَرِثُ الْمُشْرِكُ الْمُسْلِمَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from Zur’ah from Sama‘ah who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, if a Muslim can inherit from a pagan. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, but a pagan cannot inherit from the Muslim.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/213)



4- عَنْهُ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ النَّصْرَانِيُّ يَمُوتُ وَلَهُ ابْنٌ مُسْلِمٌ أَيَرِثُهُ قَالَ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَمْ يَزِدْهُ بِالإسْلامِ إِلا عِزّاً فَنَحْنُ نَرِثُهُمْ وَلا يَرِثُونَّا.


4. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Musa ibn Bakr from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘A’yan who has narrated the following: “I once said to abu Ja’far, Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, if a Christian man dies and has a Muslim son, can he inherit from him?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, because Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, through al-Islam has increased his honor, so we inherit from them but they cannot inherit from us.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/213)



5- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الْمُسْلِمُ يَحْجُبُ الْكَافِرَ وَيَرِثُهُ وَالْكَافِرُ لا يَحْجُبُ الْمُؤْمِنَ وَلا يَرِثُهُ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from al-Hassan ibn Salih who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The Muslim bars a kafir (non-Muslim) and inherits from him, but a kafir cannot bar the believer and cannot inherit from him (believing person).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/213)



6- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي وَلادٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ الْمُسْلِمُ يَرِثُ امْرَأَتَهُ الذِّمِّيَّةَ وَلا تَرِثُهُ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn Mahbub from abu Wallad who has narrated the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘The Muslim inherits from his Dhimmiy (taxpayer) wife and she cannot inherit from him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/213)