46. Inheritance of an Apostate

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ يَمُوتُ مُرْتَدّاً عَنِ الإسْلامِ وَلَهُ أَوْلادٌ فَقَالَ مَالُهُ لِوُلْدِهِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from those whom he has mentioned who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who dies as an apostate and has children, abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘His legacy belongs to his Muslim children.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/228)



2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي وَلادٍ الْحَنَّاطِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ ارْتَدَّ عَنِ الإسْلامِ لِمَنْ يَكُونُ مِيرَاثُهُ قَالَ يُقْسَمُ مِيرَاثُهُ عَلَى وَرَثَتِهِ عَلَى كِتَابِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahf ibn Ziyad and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from abu Wallad al-Hannat who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who has turned away from Islam and about who inherits him. He (the Imam) said, ‘His legacy is distributed according to the book of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/229)



3- ابْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْحَضْرَمِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا ارْتَدَّ الرَّجُلُ الْمُسْلِمُ عَنِ الإسْلامِ بَانَتْ مِنْهُ امْرَأَتُهُ كَمَا تَبِينُ الْمُطَلَّقَةُ وَإِنْ قُتِلَ أَوْ مَاتَ قَبْلَ انْقِضَاءِ الْعِدَّةِ فَهِيَ تَرِثُهُ فِي الْعِدَّةِ وَلا يَرِثُهَا إِنْ مَاتَتْ وَهُوَ مُرْتَدٌّ عَنِ الإسْلامِ.


3. Ibn Mahbub has narrated from Sayf ibn ‘ Amirah from abu Bakr al-Hadramiy who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When a man becomes an apostate (turns away from Islam), his wife becomes a stranger to him, like an irrevocably divorced woman. If he is killed or dies, before completion of ‘Iddah (waiting period), she inherits during her ‘Iddah. He does not inherit her if she dies when he turns away from Islam.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/229)



4- ابْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الْمُرْتَدِّ فَقَالَ مَنْ رَغِبَ عَنْ دِينِ الإسْلامِ وَكَفَرَ بِمَا أَنْزَلَ اللهُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) بَعْدَ إِسْلامِهِ فَلا تَوْبَةَ لَهُ وَقَدْ وَجَبَ قَتْلُهُ وَبَانَتِ امْرَأَتُهُ مِنْهُ فَلْيُقْسَمْ مَا تَرَكَ عَلَى وُلْدِهِ.


4. Ibn Mahbub has narrated from al-‘ Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about an apostate (one who turns away from Islam). He (the Imam) said, ‘If one turns away from Islam and rejects what Allah has revealed to Muhammad, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, after his being a Muslim, his repentance has no effect. (After judicial due process) executing him is obligatory, his wife becomes stranger to him like an irrevocably divorced woman and his assets are distributed among his children.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/229)