16. Testimony of a Business Partner, one Wageworker and the Executor of the Will

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1- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى وَحُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ الْمِيثَمِيِّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ ثَلاثَةِ شُرَكَاءَ شَهِدَ اثْنَانِ عَلَى وَاحِدٍ قَالَ لا يَجُوزُ شَهَادَتُهُمَا.


1. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa and Humayd ibn Ziyad from af-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah all from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan al-Mithamiy from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu ‘Abd Allah who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of three partners of whom two have testified against one. He (the Imam) said, ‘Their testimony is not admissible. ’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/245)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الصَّلْتِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رِفْقَةٍ كَانُوا فِي طَرِيقٍ فَقُطِعَ عَلَيْهِمُ الطَّرِيقُ فَأَخَذُوا اللُّصُوصَ فَشَهِدَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ قَالَ لا تُقْبَلُ شَهَادَتُهُمْ إِلا بِإِقْرَارٍ مِنَ اللُّصُوصِ أَوْ شَهَادَةٍ مِنْ غَيْرِهِمْ عَلَيْهِمْ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from al-Husayn ibn Ali ibn Ribat from Muhammad ibn al-Salt who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of certain friends who were on a journey when their road was blocked, and they caught the thieves, then certain ones of them testified against the others. He (the Imam) said, ‘Their testimony is not admissible unless the thieves confess or others testify against them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/245)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى قَالَ كَتَبَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ إِلَى أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) هَلْ تُقْبَلُ شَهَادَةُ الْوَصِيِّ لِلْمَيِّتِ بِدَيْنٍ لَهُ عَلَى رَجُلٍ مَعَ شَاهِدٍ آخَرَ عَدْلٍ فَوَقَّعَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِذَا شَهِدَ مَعَهُ آخَرُ عَدْلٌ فَعَلَى الْمُدَّعِي يَمِينٌ وَكَتَبَ أَيَجُوزُ لِلْوَصِيِّ أَنْ يَشْهَدَ لِوَارِثِ الْمَيِّتِ صَغِيرٍ أَوْ كَبِيرٍ بِحَقٍّ لَهُ عَلَى الْمَيِّتِ أَوْ عَلَى غَيْرِهِ وَهُوَ الْقَابِضُ لِلْوَارِثِ الصَّغِيرِ وَلَيْسَ لِلْكَبِيرِ بِقَابِضٍ فَوَقَّعَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) نَعَمْ يَنْبَغِي لِلْوَصِيِّ أَنْ يَشْهَدَ بِالْحَقِّ وَلا يَكْتُمَ الشَّهَادَةَ وَكَتَبَ أَوَتُقْبَلُ شَهَادَةُ الْوَصِيِّ عَلَى الْمَيِّتِ مَعَ شَاهِدٍ آخَرَ عَدْلٍ فَوَقَّعَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) نَعَمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ يَمِينٍ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has said that Muhammad ibn al-Hassan once wrote to abu Muhammad, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asking if testimony of executor of the will is acceptable for the deceased about a loan that a man owes to the deceased with one more just witness. He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, signed the answer that said: ‘If one more just man testifies with him then the plaintiff must take an oath.’ He also wrote asking if it is permissible for an executor of the will to testify for an heir of the deceased, small or an adult in a right for him on the deceased or on others and he is the one who takes possession for the heir who is a minor and not an adult. He (the Imam), signed the answer that said, ‘Yes, it is proper for an executor of the will to testify for a right and he must not hide a testimony.’ He wrote asking that if the testimony of an executor of the will along with the testimony of another just man is admissible against the deceased. He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, signed the answer that said, ‘Yes, it is acceptable with an oath.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/245)



4- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُوسَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ أُكَيْلٍ النُّمَيْرِيِّ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ سَيَابَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) لا يُجِيزُ شَهَادَةَ الأجِيرِ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Musa from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan from Ali from his father from Ali ibn ‘Uqbah from Musa ibn ’Ukayl al-Numayriy from al-‘Ala’ ibn Sayabah who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would not allow the testimony of a wage worker.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول أو ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/247)