1. The First Certificate that was Written on Earth

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ خَلَفِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ لَمَّا قَدِمَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَلَى أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ وَهُوَ بِالْحِيرَةِ خَرَجَ يَوْماً يُرِيدُ عِيسَى بْنَ مُوسَى فَاسْتَقْبَلَهُ بَيْنَ الْحِيرَةِ وَالْكُوفَةِ وَمَعَهُ ابْنُ شُبْرُمَةَ الْقَاضِي فَقَالَ لَهُ إِلَى أَيْنَ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ فَقَالَ أَرَدْتُكَ فَقَالَ قَدْ قَصَّرَ اللهُ خَطْوَكَ قَالَ فَمَضَى مَعَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ ابْنُ شُبْرُمَةَ مَا تَقُولُ يَا أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ فِي شَيْ‏ءٍ سَأَلَنِي عَنْهُ الأمِيرُ فَلَمْ يَكُنْ عِنْدِي فِيهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَقَالَ وَمَا هُوَ قَالَ سَأَلَنِي عَنْ أَوَّلِ كِتَابٍ كُتِبَ فِي الأرْضِ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَرَضَ عَلَى آدَمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) ذُرِّيَّتَهُ عَرْضَ الْعَيْنِ فِي صُوَرِ الذَّرِّ نَبِيّاً فَنَبِيّاً وَمَلِكاً فَمَلِكاً وَمُؤْمِناً فَمُؤْمِناً وَكَافِراً فَكَافِراً فَلَمَّا انْتَهَى إِلَى دَاوُدَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ هَذَا الَّذِي نَبَّأْتَهُ وَكَرَّمْتَهُ وَقَصَّرْتَ عُمُرَهُ قَالَ فَأَوْحَى اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَيْهِ هَذَا ابْنُكَ دَاوُدُ عُمُرُهُ أَرْبَعُونَ سَنَةً وَإِنِّي قَدْ كَتَبْتُ الآجَالَ وَقَسَمْتُ الأرْزَاقَ وَأَنَا أَمْحُو مَا أَشَاءُ وَأُثْبِتُ وَعِنْدِي أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ فَإِنْ جَعَلْتَ لَهُ شَيْئاً مِنْ عُمُرِكَ أَلْحَقْتُ لَهُ قَالَ يَا رَبِّ قَدْ جَعَلْتُ لَهُ مِنْ عُمُرِي سِتِّينَ سَنَةً تَمَامَ الْمِائَةِ قَالَ فَقَالَ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لِجَبْرَئِيلَ وَمِيكَائِيلَ وَمَلَكِ الْمَوْتِ اكْتُبُوا عَلَيْهِ كِتَاباً فَإِنَّهُ سَيَنْسَى قَالَ فَكَتَبُوا عَلَيْهِ كِتَاباً وَخَتَمُوهُ بِأَجْنِحَتِهِمْ مِنْ طِينَةِ عِلِّيِّينَ قَالَ فَلَمَّا حَضَرَتْ آدَمَ الْوَفَاةُ أَتَاهُ مَلَكُ الْمَوْتِ فَقَالَ آدَمُ يَا مَلَكَ الْمَوْتِ مَا جَاءَ بِكَ قَالَ جِئْتُ لأقْبِضَ رُوحَكَ قَالَ قَدْ بَقِيَ مِنْ عُمُرِي سِتُّونَ سَنَةً فَقَالَ إِنَّكَ جَعَلْتَهَا لابْنِكَ دَاوُدَ قَالَ وَنَزَلَ عَلَيْهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ وَأَخْرَجَ لَهُ الْكِتَابَ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَمِنْ أَجْلِ ذَلِكَ إِذَا خَرَجَ الصَّكُّ عَلَى الْمَدْيُونِ ذَلَّ الْمَدْيُونُ فَقَبَضَ رُوحَهُ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from his father from Khalaf ibn Hammad from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has narrated the following: “When abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, went to meet abu al- ‘Abbas who was in al-Hirah (a place in Iraq), one day he came out for ‘Isa ibn Musa. They came face to face between al-Hirah and al-Kufah when ibn Shubramah, the judge, was also with him and he asked, ‘Where do you want to go, O abu ‘Abd Allah ? 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘I wanted to meet you . 5 He then said, ‘Allah has shortened the distance of the journey for you because we are here . 5 He (the Imam) then went along with him. Ibn Shubramah asked, ‘What do you say, O abu ‘Abd Allah, concerning something about which the Amir (the ruler) asked me but I had nothing about it ? 5 He (the Imam) asked, ‘What is it ? 5 He said, ‘He asked me about the first document that was written on earth . 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, showed to Adam, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, his offspring before his eyes in the form of particles, one Prophet after the other Prophet, king after king, believers after believers and unbelievers after unbelievers. When he reached Dawud ‘Alayhi al-Salam, he asked, “Who is this one whom You have granted Prophet-hood and honor but his life is very short ? 55 He (the Imam) said that Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, sent him revelation that said, “This is your son Dawud and his life is for forty years, I have written the duration of lives, distributed sustenance and I can delete or write down whatever I want, as I want, because the mother of the book is with Me. If you want to donate something from your life to him, you can do so and I implement it.” He then said, “O Lord, I donate sixty years of my life to him so that he will live for one hundred years.” Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, said to Jibril, Michael and the angel of death to write down a document about it because he will forget. He (the Imam) said that they wrote the document for it and sealed it with their wings which were from the Tinah (seed) of the ones high above . 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘When it was the time for the death of Adam, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, the angel of death came to him and Adam, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked, “O angel of death, what brings you here?” The angel of death said, “I have come to take your soul.” He said, “I have another sixty years to live.” The angel said, “That much you donated to your son Dawud .” 5 He (the Imam) said that Jibril then came and showed him the document. Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘For that reason when a certificate is brought out to show the indebted he is humbled. Then he took away his soul. 5 ”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/217)



2- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ عِيسَى بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لَمَّا عُرِضَ عَلَى آدَمَ وُلْدُهُ نَظَرَ إِلَى دَاوُدَ فَأَعْجَبَهُ فَزَادَهُ خَمْسِينَ سَنَةً مِنْ عُمُرِهِ قَالَ وَنَزَلَ عَلَيْهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ وَمِيكَائِيلُ فَكَتَبَ عَلَيْهِ مَلَكُ الْمَوْتِ صَكّاً بِالْخَمْسِينَ سَنَةً فَلَمَّا حَضَرَتْهُ الْوَفَاةُ أُنْزِلَ عَلَيْهِ مَلَكُ الْمَوْتِ فَقَالَ آدَمُ قَدْ بَقِيَ مِنْ عُمُرِي خَمْسُونَ سَنَةً قَالَ فَأَيْنَ الْخَمْسُونَ الَّتِي جَعَلْتَهَا لابْنِكَ دَاوُدَ قَالَ فَإِمَّا أَنْ يَكُونَ نَسِيَهَا أَوْ أَنْكَرَهَا فَنَزَلَ عَلَيْهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ وَمِيكَائِيلُ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) فَشَهِدَا عَلَيْهِ وَقَبَضَهُ مَلَكُ الْمَوْتِ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) كَانَ أَوَّلَ صَكٍّ كُتِبَ فِي الدُّنْيَا.


2. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from ‘Isa ibn Ayyub from Afi ibn Mahziyar from those whom he has mentioned who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that when Adam, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was shown his offspring, he looked at Dawud, he liked him and donated fifty years of his life to him. He (the Imam) said that Jibril and Michael came to him and the angel of death wrote a document about fifty years of his life being donated. When the time of his death came the angel of death came and Adam, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said that fifty years of his life still has remained, and he said, ‘What about fifty years that you donated to your son Dawud ? 5 He (the Imam) said, ‘It was because that he had forgotten or denied it. Jibril and Michael came and testified about the matter, then the angel of death took away his soul . 5 Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It was the first check (certificate or deed) that was ever written on earth. 5 ”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/219)