2. The False Oath

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ الأحْمَرِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) مَنْ حَلَفَ عَلَى يَمِينٍ وَهُوَ يَعْلَمُ أَنَّهُ كَاذِبٌ فَقَدْ بَارَزَ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from and from ibn Faddal from Tha‘labah ibn Maymun from Ya‘qub al-Ahmar who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one takes an oath which he knows is false he has opposed Allah, most Majestic, most 0100005 .’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/309)



2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الأشْعَرِيِّ عَنِ ابْنِ الْقَدَّاحِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الْيَمِينُ الصَّبْرُ الْفَاجِرَةُ تَدَعُ الدِّيَارَ بَلاقِعَ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ja‘far ibn Muhammad al-Ash ‘ariy from ibn al-Qaddah who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘Swearing falsely and sinfully for a binding purpose leaves the town barren.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/309)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بُنْدَارَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ فُرَاتٍ خَالِ أَبِي عَمَّارٍ الصَّيْرَفِيِّ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِيَّاكُمْ وَالْيَمِينَ الْفَاجِرَةَ فَإِنَّهَا تَدَعُ الدِّيَارَ مِنْ أَهْلِهَا بَلاقِعَ.


3. Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Bandar has narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from Muhammad ibn Ali from Ali ibn ‘Uthman ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Furat maternal uncle of abu ‘Ammar al-Sayrafiy from Jabir ibn Yazid who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘You must never take sinfully a false oath because it leaves the town barren.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/309)



4- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَنَانٍ عَنْ فُلَيْحِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الشَّيْبَانِيِّ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) الْيَمِينُ الصَّبْرُ الْكَاذِبَةُ تُورِثُ الْعَقِبَ الْفَقْرَ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Fianan from Fulayh ibn abu Bakr al-Shaybaniy who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Taking an oath which is false and binding causes poverty consequently.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/310)



5- عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِنَّ للهِ مَلَكاً رِجْلاهُ فِي الأرْضِ السُّفْلَى مَسِيرَةَ خَمْسِمِائَةِ عَامٍ وَرَأْسُهُ فِي السَّمَاءِ الْعُلْيَا مَسِيرَةَ أَلْفِ سَنَةٍ يَقُولُ سُبْحَانَكَ سُبْحَانَكَ حَيْثُ كُنْتَ فَمَا أَعْظَمَكَ قَالَ فَيُوحِي اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلَيْهِ مَا يَعْلَمُ ذَلِكَ مَنْ يَحْلِفُ بِي كَاذِباً.


5. Ali has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘Allah has an angel whose legs are on the lowest earth. The length of his leg is a distance of five hundred years’ journey and his head is in the highest sky with a length of one thousand years’ journey. He says, “O Lord, You are free of all defects, O Lord, You are free of all defects, as ever You have been and how great You are!” He (the Messenger of Allah) then said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, sends revelation to him saying, “One who swears falsely by My name does not know this fact.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/310)



6- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ يَمِينَ الصَّبْرِ الْكَاذِبَةَ تَتْرُكُ الدِّيَارَ بَلاقِعَ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn Salim who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A binding oath which is false leaves the town barren.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/310)



7- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَسَّانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الْيَمِينُ الْغَمُوسُ يُنْتَظَرُ بِهَا أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً.


7. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn Hassan from Muhammad ibn Ali from Ali ibn Fiammad from ibn abu Ya’fur who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘One who takes a sinful oath can wait only for forty nights (before being struck by misfortune).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/310)



8- عَنْهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ الْيَمِينُ الْغَمُوسُ الَّتِي تُوجِبُ النَّارَ الرَّجُلُ يَحْلِفُ عَلَى حَقِّ امْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ عَلَى حَبْسِ مَالِهِ.


8. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Muhammad ibn Ali from Ali ibn Hammad from Hariz from certain persons of his people who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Taking an oath sinfully is that which subjects one to the fire whereby a man holds back the right of a Muslim by seizing his assets.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/311)



9- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ الْحَذَّاءِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ فِي كِتَابِ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّ الْيَمِينَ الْكَاذِبَةَ وَقَطِيعَةَ الرَّحِمِ تَذَرَانِ الدِّيَارَ بَلاقِعَ مِنْ أَهْلِهَا وَتُنْغِلُ الرَّحِمَ يَعْنِي انْقِطَاعَ النَّسْلِ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from Malik ibn ‘Atiyyah from abu ‘Ubaydah al- Hadhdha’ who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that it is in the book of Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that false oath and cutting off of good relations with relatives leave a town barren, empty of its inhabitants and destroys the reproducing continuum.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/311)



10- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْيَمِينَ الْفَاجِرَةَ تُنْغِلُ فِي الرَّحِمِ قَالَ قُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ مَا مَعْنَى تُنْغِلُ فِي الرَّحِمِ قَالَ تُعْقِرُ.


10. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Talhah ibn Zayd who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Sinful and false oath turns the womb barren.’ I then asked him (the Imam) about the meaning of the Arabic word ‘TunghiV . He (the Imam) said that it means turning fruitless.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/311)



11- عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ شَيْخٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا يُكَنَّى أَبَا الْحَسَنِ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ اللهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى خَلَقَ دِيكاً أَبْيَضَ عُنُقُهُ تَحْتَ الْعَرْشِ وَرِجْلاهُ فِي تُخُومِ الأرْضِ السَّابِعَةِ لَهُ جَنَاحٌ فِي الْمَشْرِقِ وَجَنَاحٌ فِي الْمَغْرِبِ لا تَصِيحُ الدُّيُوكُ حَتَّى يَصِيحَ فَإِذَا صَاحَ خَفَقَ بِجَنَاحَيْهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ سُبْحَانَ اللهِ سُبْحَانَ اللهِ الْعَظِيمِ الَّذِي لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ قَالَ فَيُجِيبُهُ اللهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى فَيَقُولُ لا يَحْلِفُ بِي كَاذِباً مَنْ يَعْرِفُ مَا تَقُولُ.


11. Ali has narrated from his father from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Ibrahim ibn ‘Abd al-Hamid from a Shaykh of our people called abu al-Hassan who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Allah, most Blessed, most High, has created a white rooster whose neck is under the throne and its legs in the center of the seventh earth, its one wing is in the east and one wing in the west. Other roosters do not crow until it crows. When it wants to crow it flaps its wings and says, ‘Tasbih (Allah is free of all defects) and is the most great like whom there is no one.’” He (the Imam) said that ‘Allah, most Blessed, most High, in response says, “A lying person would never swear falsely by My name would he but know about what you say.’””


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/311)