33. The Case of one who Makes a Bequest for an Adult with whom a Child must Share

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنْ أَخِيهِ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَوْصَى إِلَى امْرَأَةٍ فَأَشْرَكَ فِي الْوَصِيَّةِ مَعَهَا صَبِيّاً فَقَالَ يَجُوزُ ذَلِكَ وَتُمْضِي الْمَرْأَةُ الْوَصِيَّةَ وَلا يُنْتَظَرُ بُلُوغُ الصَّبِيِّ فَإِذَا بَلَغَ الصَّبِيُّ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ أَنْ لا يَرْضَى إِلا مَا كَانَ مِنْ تَبْدِيلٍ أَوْ تَغْيِيرٍ فَإِنَّ لَهُ أَنْ يَرُدَّهُ إِلَى مَا أَوْصَى بِهِ الْمَيِّتُ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa ibn ‘Ubayd from his brother, Ja‘far ibn ‘Isa from Ali ibn Yaqtin who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who makes a bequest for a woman to share it with a child. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is permissible. The woman can execute the will and she does not have to wait until the child becomes mature. The child upon maturity cannot disagree unless the will is changed or altered, in which case the child can turn it back to comply with the will.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/77)



2- مُحَمَّدٌ قَالَ كَتَبَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ إِلَى أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) رَجُلٌ أَوْصَى إِلَى وُلْدِهِ وَفِيهِمْ كِبَارٌ قَدْ أَدْرَكُوا وَفِيهِمْ صِغَارٌ أَيَجُوزُ لِلْكِبَارِ أَنْ يُنْفِذُوا وَصِيَّتَهُ وَيَقْضُوا دَيْنَهُ لِمَنْ صَحَّ عَلَى الْمَيِّتِ بِشُهُودٍ عُدُولٍ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُدْرِكَ الأوْصِيَاءُ الصِّغَارُ فَوَقَّعَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) نَعَمْ عَلَى الأكَابِرِ مِنَ الْوِلْدَانِ أَنْ يَقْضُوا دَيْنَ أَبِيهِمْ وَلا يَحْبِسُوهُ بِذَلِكَ.


2. Muhammad has said the following: “Once Muhammad ibn al-Hassan wrote to abu Muhammad, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who made a bequest for his children consisting of adults and minor ones, if it is lawful for the adults to execute the will, pay off his debts to the rightful creditors according to just witnesses before the minors become adults. He (the Imam) signed the answer that said, ‘The adult children must pay the debts of their father and they must not allow him to remain imprisoned thereby (the debts).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/78)