21. The Will of Immature Boys and Girls, the Lawful and Unlawful Matters in it

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَأَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذْ أَتَى عَلَى الْغُلامِ عَشْرُ سِنِينَ فَإِنَّهُ يَجُوزُ لَهُ فِي مَالِهِ مَا أَعْتَقَ وَتَصَدَّقَ وَأَوْصَى عَلَى حَدٍّ مَعْرُوفٍ وَحَقٍّ فَهُوَ جَائِزٌ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Safwan ibn Yahya from Musa ibn Bakr from Zurarah who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When a boy becomes ten years old it then is permissible for him to use his assets, like freeing, charity and making a will within the limits of law.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/46)



2- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ الْغُلامَ إِذَا حَضَرَهُ الْمَوْتُ فَأَوْصَى وَلَمْ يُدْرِكْ جَازَتْ وَصِيَّتُهُ لِذَوِي الأرْحَامِ وَلَمْ تَجُزْ لِلْغُرَبَاءِ.


2. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Ali ibn al-Nu’man from abu Ayyub from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘When a boy is about to die his will is permissible in favor of the relatives but not in favor of the strangers.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح على الظاهر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/47)



3- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِذَا بَلَغَ الْغُلامُ عَشْرَ سِنِينَ جَازَتْ وَصِيَّتُهُ.


3. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from certain persons of his people from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu ‘Abd Allah who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When a boy becomes ten years old his will is permissible.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/47)



4- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ جَبَلَةَ عَنْ أَبِي الْمَغْرَاءِ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا بَلَغَ الْغُلامُ عَشْرَ سِنِينَ فَأَوْصَى بِثُلُثِ مَالِهِ فِي حَقٍّ جَازَتْ وَصِيَّتُهُ فَإِذَا كَانَ ابْنَ سَبْعِ سِنِينَ فَأَوْصَى مِنْ مَالِهِ بِالْيَسِيرِ فِي حَقٍّ جَازَتْ وَصِيَّتُهُ.


4. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from ‘Abd Allah ibn Jabalah from abu al-Mighra’ from abu Basir who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When a boy becomes ten years old and makes a will about one-third of his assets for a right cause, his will is permissible; but when he is seven years old his will about only a small amount of assets is permissible.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/47)