9. The Case when one Takes an Oath, then Finds something Better

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1- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا حَلَفَ الرَّجُلُ عَلَى شَيْ‏ءٍ وَالَّذِي حَلَفَ عَلَيْهِ إِتْيَانُهُ خَيْرٌ مِنْ تَرْكِهِ فَلْيَأْتِ الَّذِي هُوَ خَيْرٌ وَلا كَفَّارَةَ عَلَيْهِ وَإِنَّمَا ذَلِكَ مِنْ خُطُوَاتِ الشَّيْطَانِ.


1. Al-Husayn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ‘ Abd Allah al-Rahman ibn abu ‘ Abd Allah who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one takes an oath about something when doing it is better than not doing it, he must do what is better and there is no expiation on him, it is only of the temptations of Satan.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/321)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَمَّنْ رَوَاهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ حَلَفَ عَلَى يَمِينٍ فَرَأَى غَيْرَهَا خَيْراً مِنْهَا فَأَتَى ذَلِكَ فَهُوَ كَفَّارَةُ يَمِينِهِ وَلَهُ حَسَنَةٌ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from those who narrated to him who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one takes an oath to do something then finds another thing better which he does, it is the expiation for his oath and he gains one good deed.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/321)



3- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الأعْرَجِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَحْلِفُ عَلَى الْيَمِينِ فَيَرَى أَنَّ تَرْكَهَا أَفْضَلُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَتْرُكْهَا خَشِيَ أَنْ يَأْثَمَ أَيَتْرُكُهَا فَقَالَ أَمَا سَمِعْتَ قَوْلَ رَسُولِ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِذَا رَأَيْتَ خَيْراً مِنْ يَمِينِكَ فَدَعْهَا.


3. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il from Ali ibn al-Nu’man from Sa‘id al-A‘raj who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who vows to do a certain thing then finds out that not doing it is better. If he disregards it, he is afraid of committing a sin. Can he disregard it? He (the Imam) said, ‘Have you not heard the words of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, “If you find something better than that for which you have taken an oath, then you can disregard it.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/321)



4- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَنْ حَلَفَ عَلَى يَمِينٍ فَرَأَى مَا هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِنْهَا فَلْيَأْتِ الَّذِي هُوَ خَيْرٌ وَلَهُ حَسَنَةٌ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from certain persons of our people who have narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If one takes an oath to do something then finds another thing better which he does, he must do that which is better; he gains one good deed.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/322)



5- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الأعْرَجِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَحْلِفُ عَلَى الْيَمِينِ فَيَرَى أَنَّ تَرْكَهَا أَفْضَلُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَتْرُكْهَا خَشِيَ أَنْ يَأْثَمَ أَيَتْرُكُهَا فَقَالَ أَمَا سَمِعْتَ قَوْلَ رَسُولِ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِذَا رَأَيْتَ خَيْراً مِنْ يَمِينِكَ فَدَعْهَا.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ali ibn al-Nu’man from Sa‘id al-A‘raj who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who vows to do a certain thing then finds out that not doing it is better, and if he did not disregard it he is afraid of committing a sin; if he can disregard it. He (the Imam) said, ‘Have you not heard the words of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, “If you find something better than that for which you have taken an oath you can disregard it.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/322)