48. Inheritance of the Crying Newborn Child

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ رِبْعِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ فِي الْمَنْفُوسِ إِذَا تَحَرَّكَ وَرِثَ إِنَّهُ رُبَّمَا كَانَ أَخْرَسَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Rib‘iy ibn ‘ Abd Allah who has narrated the following: “I once heard abu ’Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying about newborn, ‘If he moves, he inherits; perhaps he is speechless.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/233)



2- عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ رِبْعِيٍّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ فِي السِّقْطِ إِذَا سَقَطَ مِنْ بَطْنِ أُمِّهِ فَتَحَرَّكَ تَحَرُّكاً بَيِّناً يَرِثُ وَيُورَثُ فَإِنَّهُ رُبَّمَا كَانَ أَخْرَسَ.


2. Ali has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Rib‘iy who has narrated the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘If a miscarried child falls off the womb of his mother and moves with clear movement, he inherits and is inherited; perhaps he is speechless so that he did not cry.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/233)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ مَاتَ وَتَرَكَ امْرَأَتَهُ وَهِيَ حَامِلٌ فَوَضَعَتْ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِ غُلاماً ثُمَّ مَاتَ الْغُلامُ بَعْدَ مَا وَقَعَ عَلَى الأرْضِ فَشَهِدَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ الَّتِي قَبِلَتْهَا أَنَّهُ اسْتَهَلَّ وَصَاحَ حِينَ وَقَعَ عَلَى الأرْضِ ثُمَّ مَاتَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ قَالَ عَلَى الإمَامِ أَنْ يُجِيزَ شَهَادَتَهَا فِي رُبُعِ مِيرَاثِ الْغُلامِ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad all from ibn Mahbub from ‘Umar ibn Yazid who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who dies leaving behind a woman who is pregnant. She gives birth after his death and the boy dies after falling on the ground. The female nurse saw and heard him crying when falling on the ground but then died. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is up to the Imam to apply her testimony for the one-fourth of the legacy of the boy.’” (The testimony of the nurse is one out of four needed)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/233)



4- ابْنُ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ تَجُوزُ شَهَادَةُ الْقَابِلَةِ فِي الْمَوْلُودِ إِذَا اسْتَهَلَّ وَصَاحَ فِي الْمِيرَاثِ وَيُوَرَّثُ الرُّبُعَ مِنَ الْمِيرَاثِ بِقَدْرِ شَهَادَةِ امْرَأَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ كَانَتَا امْرَأَتَيْنِ قَالَ تَجُوزُ شَهَادَتُهُمَا فِي النِّصْفِ مِنَ الْمِيرَاثِ.


4. Ibn Mahbub has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has narrated the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘The testimony of a female nurse about the crying of a newborn at the time of birth is effective for one-fourth of the legacy proportionate to the testimony of one woman.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if they are two women?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is effective for one-half of the legacy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/234)



5- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي مِيرَاثِ الْمَنْفُوسِ مِنَ الدِّيَةِ قَالَ لا يَرِثُ مِنَ الدِّيَةِ شَيْئاً حَتَّى يَصِيحَ وَيُسْمَعَ صَوْتُهُ.


5. Humayd ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from Muhammad ibn Ziyad from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has narrated the following: “About the case of inheritance of a newborn from a wergild, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He cannot inherit from a wergild anything unless he cries at birth and his crying is heard.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق على الظاهر - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/234)



6- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنِ ابْنِ عَوْنٍ عَنْ بَعْضِهِمْ قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ إِنَّ الْمَنْفُوسَ لا يَرِثُ مِنَ الدِّيَةِ شَيْئاً حَتَّى يَسْتَهِلَّ وَيُسْمَعَ صَوْتُهُ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from ibn ‘Awn from certain persons of them who has narrated the following: “I once heard him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘A newborn does not inherit from a wergild anything unless he cries at the time of birth and his voice is heard.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/234)