11. The Legacy is Just for the Eldest Son

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا هَلَكَ الرَّجُلُ فَتَرَكَ بَنِينَ فَلِلأكْبَرِ السَّيْفُ وَالدِّرْعُ وَالْخَاتَمُ وَالْمُصْحَفُ فَإِنْ حَدَثَ بِهِ حَدَثٌ فَلِلأكْبَرِ مِنْهُمْ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When a man dies and leaves behind sons, the eldest son receives the sword, coat of arms, the ring and his (holy) book. If something happens to him then such items belong to the eldest son.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/130)



2- عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) أَنَّ الرَّجُلَ إِذَا تَرَكَ سَيْفاً وَسِلاحاً فَهُوَ لابْنِهِ وَإِنْ كَانَ لَهُ بَنُونَ فَهُوَ لأكْبَرِهِمْ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ibn ’Udhaynah from certain persons of his people who has narrated the following: “One of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘If a man leaves behind a sword and arms and sons, such items belong to the eldest son.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: كالحسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/131)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ رِبْعِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا مَاتَ الرَّجُلُ فَلِلأكْبَرِ مِنْ وُلْدِهِ سَيْفُهُ وَمُصْحَفُهُ وَخَاتَمُهُ وَدِرْعُهُ.


3. Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Rib‘iy who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When a man dies, his sword, holy book, his ring and coat of arms belong to his eldest son.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/132)



4- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ رِبْعِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا مَاتَ الرَّجُلُ فَسَيْفُهُ وَخَاتَمُهُ وَمُصْحَفُهُ وَكُتُبُهُ وَرَحْلُهُ وَرَاحِلَتُهُ وَكِسْوَتُهُ لأكْبَرِ وُلْدِهِ فَإِنْ كَانَ الأكْبَرُ ابْنَةً فَلِلأكْبَرِ مِنَ الذُّكُورِ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from ‘Rib‘iy ibn ‘Abd Allah who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When a man dies, his sword, ring, holy book, his books, his personal belongings, his stumper and clothes belong to his eldest son and if the eldest among his children is a girl then such items belong to the next eldest son.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/132)