10. Executing the Will as it Requires

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ أَوْصَى بِمَالِهِ فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ فَقَالَ أَعْطِهِ لِمَنْ أَوْصَى بِهِ لَهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ يَهُودِيّاً أَوْ نَصْرَانِيّاً إِنَّ اللهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى يَقُولُ فَمَنْ بَدَّلَهُ بَعْدَ ما سَمِعَهُ فَإِنَّما إِثْمُهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ يُبَدِّلُونَهُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad ibn ‘Isa from Hariz from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who has made a will to spend his assets in the way of Allah. He (the Imam) said, ‘You must give it to the designated beneficiary even if he is a Christian or a Jew; Allah, most Blessed, most High, says, “Whoever intentionally changes the will of a deceased person, he has committed a sin. Allah is All-hearing and All-knowing.” (2:181)’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/24)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ أَوْصَى بِمَالِهِ فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ قَالَ أَعْطِ لِمَنْ أَوْصَى لَهُ بِهِ وَإِنْ كَانَ يَهُودِيّاً أَوْ نَصْرَانِيّاً إِنَّ اللهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى يَقُولُ فَمَنْ بَدَّلَهُ بَعْدَ ما سَمِعَهُ فَإِنَّما إِثْمُهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ يُبَدِّلُونَهُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Ali ibn al-Hakam from m al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “This is about the case of a man who has made a will to spend his asset in the way of Allah. One of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘You must give it to the designated beneficiary even if he is a Christian or a Jew; Allah, most Blessed, most High, says, “Whoever intentionally changes the will of a deceased person, he has committed a sin. Allah is All- hearing and All-knowing.” (2:181)’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/25)



3- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ قَالَ كَتَبَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِلَى جَعْفَرٍ وَمُوسَى وَفِيمَا أَمَرْتُكُمَا مِنَ الإشْهَادِ بِكَذَا وَكَذَا نَجَاةٌ لَكُمَا فِي آخِرَتِكُمَا وَإِنْفَاذٌ لِمَا أَوْصَى بِهِ أَبَوَاكُمَا وَبِرٌّ مِنْكُمَا لَهُمَا وَاحْذَرَا أَنْ لا تَكُونَا بَدَّلْتُمَا وَصِيَّتَهُمَا وَلا غَيَّرْتُمَاهَا عَنْ حَالِهَا لأنَّهُمَا قَدْ خَرَجَا مِنْ ذَلِكَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا وَصَارَ ذَلِكَ فِي رِقَابِكُمَا وَقَدْ قَالَ اللهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى فِي كِتَابِهِ فِي الْوَصِيَّةِ فَمَنْ بَدَّلَهُ بَعْدَ ما سَمِعَهُ فَإِنَّما إِثْمُهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ يُبَدِّلُونَهُ إِنَّ اللهَ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn Mahziyar from who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, Alayhi al-Salam, wrote to Ja‘far and Musa, this instruction. ‘In the matter of my commanding you to appoint witnesses to so and so issues; it is because it is for your safety and protection in the next world in matters of executing the will, as it requires, that your parents have made to you and your being kind to your parents. You must remain prudent. You must not change their will and alter it from its original condition because they are no more. May Allah be happy with them. It, however, has remained on your shoulder. Allah, most Blessed, most High, has said in His book, “Whoever intentionally changes the will of a deceased person, he has committed a sin. Allah is All-hearing and All-knowing.” (2:181)’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/25)



4- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ أَنَّ رَجُلا كَانَ بِهَمَذَانَ ذَكَرَ أَنَّ أَبَاهُ مَاتَ وَكَانَ لا يَعْرِفُ هَذَا الأمْرَ فَأَوْصَى بِوَصِيَّةٍ عِنْدَ الْمَوْتِ وَ أَوْصَى أَنْ يُعْطَى شَيْ‏ءٌ فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ فَسُئِلَ عَنْهُ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) كَيْفَ يُفْعَلُ بِهِ فَأَخْبَرْنَاهُ أَنَّهُ كَانَ لا يَعْرِفُ هَذَا الأمْرَ فَقَالَ لَوْ أَنَّ رَجُلا أَوْصَى إِلَيَّ أَنْ أَضَعَ فِي يَهُودِيٍّ أَوْ نَصْرَانِيٍّ لَوَضَعْتُهُ فِيهِمَا إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ فَمَنْ بَدَّلَهُ بَعْدَ ما سَمِعَهُ فَإِنَّما إِثْمُهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ يُبَدِّلُونَهُ فَانْظُرُوا إِلَى مَنْ يَخْرُجُ إِلَى هَذَا الْوَجْهِ يَعْنِي [بَعْضَ] الثُّغُورِ فَابْعَثُوا بِهِ إِلَيْهِ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn al-Walid from Yunus ibn Ya’qub who has narrated the following: “A man of Hamadan has said that his father died but he did not know this fact (the Divine Authority of A’immah). He made a will when he was about to die to give something in the way of Allah. He (the man from Hamadan) asked abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, about it and that he did not know this fact (the Divine Authority of A’immah). He (the Imam) said, ‘If the man had appointed me to execute his will to give to a Jews or Christians, I would have given it to them because Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, says, “Whoever intentionally changes the will of a deceased person, he has committed a sin. Allah is All-hearing and All-knowing.” (2:181) You must see who serves as guards and defenders of the borders; and give it to them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/25)



5- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ رَجُلا أَوْصَى إِلَيَّ بِشَيْ‏ءٍ فِي السَّبِيلِ فَقَالَ لِيَ اصْرِفْهُ فِي الْحَجِّ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ أَوْصَى إِلَيَّ فِي السَّبِيلِ قَالَ اصْرِفْهُ فِي الْحَجِّ فَإِنِّي لا أَعْلَمُ شَيْئاً مِنْ سَبِيلِهِ أَفْضَلَ مِنَ الْحَجِّ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Muhammad ibn Sulayman from al- Husayn ibn ‘Umar who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who has made a will to spend in the way of Allah. He (the Imam) said to me to spend it for al-Haj j . I said that he has said to spend it in the way of Allah. He (the Imam) said, ‘Spend for al-Hajj because I do not see anything in His way better than al-Hajj.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/26)