49. Inheritance of Hermaphrodite

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1- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ فَرْقَدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سُئِلَ عَنْ مَوْلُودٍ وُلِدَ وَلَهُ قُبُلٌ وَذَكَرٌ كَيْفَ يُوَرَّثُ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ يَبُولُ مِنْ ذَكَرِهِ فَلَهُ مِيرَاثُ الذَّكَرِ وَإِنْ كَانَ يَبُولُ مِنَ الْقُبُلِ فَلَهُ مِيرَاثُ الأنْثَى.


1. Abu Ali a l-Ash ‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from Safwan from ibn Muskan from Dawud ibn Farqad who has narrated the following: “Once abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about the case of a newborn who has the reproductive organs of both male and female and about his inheritance. He (the Imam) said, ‘If urine comes from the male organ its inheritance is that which is for a male, and if urine comes from the female organ then her share is like the share of a female/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/234)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يُوَرِّثُ الْخُنْثَى مِنْ حَيْثُ يَبُولُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Talhah ibn Zayd who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’ Amir al-Mu’minin determined the share of a Hermaphrodite of inheritance by the manner the person urinated/” (If urine comes from the male organ his inheritance is that which is for a male and if urine comes from the female organ then her share is like the share of a female)/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: كالموثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/235)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ الْمَوْلُودُ يُولَدُ لَهُ مَا لِلرِّجَالِ وَلَهُ مَا لِلنِّسَاءِ قَالَ يُوَرَّثُ مِنْ حَيْثُ سَبَقَ بَوْلُهُ فَإِنْ خَرَجَ مِنْهُمَا سَوَاءً فَمِنْ حَيْثُ يَنْبَعِثُ فَإِنْ كَانَا سَوَاءً وُرِّثَ مِيرَاثَ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn Salim who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a newborn who has the reproductive organs of both male and female. He (the Imam) said, ‘Such person inherits according to the reproductive organ from which urine comes first. If it comes from both at the same time then it is according to whichever sends with more pressure and if this is also equal then such person inherits the share of both male and female/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/235)



4- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) فِي مَوْلُودٍ لَهُ مَا لِلذُّكُورِ وَمَا لِلأنْثَى قَالَ يُوَرَّثُ مِنَ الْمَوْضِعِ الَّذِي يَبُولُ إِنْ بَالَ مِنَ الذَّكَرِ وُرِّثَ مِيرَاثَ الذَّكَرِ وَإِنْ بَالَ مِنْ مَوْضِعِ الأنْثَى وُرِّثَ مِيرَاثَ الأنْثَى وَعَنْ مَوْلُودٍ لَيْسَ لَهُ مَا لِلرِّجَالِ وَلا لَهُ مَا لِلنِّسَاءِ إِلا ثَقْبٌ يَخْرُجُ مِنْهُ الْبَوْلُ عَلَى أَيِّ مِيرَاثٍ يُوَرَّثُ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ إِذَا بَالَ نَحَّى بِبَوْلِهِ وُرِّثَ مِيرَاثَ الذَّكَرِ وَإِنْ كَانَ لا يُنَحِّي بِبَوْلِهِ وُرِّثَ مِيرَاثَ الأنْثَى.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from certain persons of our people who have narrated the following: “About the case of a newborn who has the reproductive organs of both male and female, one of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said, ‘Such person inherits according to the case of the organ from which the urine comes. If he urinates from the male organ he inherits the share of a male person; if she urinates from the female organ she inherits the share of a female/ This is about a newborn who does not have an organ like male or female. However, has only a hole. One of the two Imam, (abu Ja‘far or abu ‘Abd Allah), ‘Alayhim al-Salam, has said that such person inherits like a male; if it (urine) comes with a dart but if it does not reach far away then that person inherits like a female/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل كالموثق وآخره مرسل 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/237)



5- وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ أُخْرَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي الْمَوْلُودِ لَهُ مَا لِلرِّجَالِ وَلَهُ مَا لِلنِّسَاءِ يَبُولُ مِنْهُمَا جَمِيعاً قَالَ مِنْ أَيِّهِمَا سَبَقَ قِيلَ فَإِنْ خَرَجَ مِنْهُمَا جَمِيعاً قَالَ فَمِنْ أَيِّهِمَا اسْتَدَرَّ قِيلَ فَإِنِ اسْتَدَرَّا جَمِيعاً قَالَ فَمِنْ أَبْعَدِهِمَا.


5. This is in another Hadith from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a person who has the reproductive organs of both male and female and urinates from both of them at the same time: ‘He (the Imam) said that it is according to that from which urine comes first and if it is equal in this respect he (the Imam) said that it then is according to that which stops last and if this also is equal than it is according to that which sends farther/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/236)