64. The Guardianship of One who Sets One Free

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) الْوَلاءُ لِمَنْ أَعْتَقَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy and Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘Guardianship rests in favor of one who sets one free.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/256)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي حَدِيثِ بَرِيرَةَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَالَ لِعَائِشَةَ أَعْتِقِي فَإِنَّ الْوَلاءَ لِمَنْ أَعْتَقَ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from Zurarah who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about Hadith of Burayrah has said, ‘The Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, said to ‘A’ishah, ‘Set a slave free because guardianship rests with the one who buys one’s freedom.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/256)



3- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عِيصِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِنَّ أَهْلَ بَرِيرَةَ اشْتَرَطُوا وَلاءَهَا فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ الْوَلاءُ لِمَنْ أَعْتَقَ.


3. Abu Ali al-Al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Is ibn al-Qasim ibn Muhammad who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ‘A’ishah once said to the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, ‘People of Burayrah have set her guardianship a condition.’ The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has issued this decree. ‘Guardianship rests with the one who buys one’s freedom.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/257)



4- صَفْوَانُ عَنِ الْعِيصِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ اشْتَرَى عَبْداً لَهُ أَوْلادٌ مِنِ امْرَأَةٍ حُرَّةٍ فَأَعْتَقَهُ قَالَ وَلاءُ وُلْدِهِ لِمَنْ أَعْتَقَهُ.


4. Safwan has narrated from al-‘Is ibn al-Qasim ibn Muhammad who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who buys a slave who has children from a free woman who has set him free. He (the Imam) said, ‘The guardianship of his children rests with one who has bought his freedom.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/257)



5- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفُضَيْلِ عَنْ أَبِي الصَّبَّاحِ الْكِنَانِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي امْرَأَةٍ أَعْتَقَتْ رَجُلا لِمَنْ وَلاؤُهُ وَلِمَنْ مِيرَاثُهُ قَالَ لِلَّذِي أَعْتَقَهُ إِلا أَنْ يَكُونَ لَهُ وَارِثٌ غَيْرُهَا.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl from abu al-Sabbah al-Kinaniy who has narrated the following: “About the case of a woman who freed a man and about with whom rests his guardianship and to who belongs his legacy, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Such things rest with the one who has bought his freedom, unless he has other heirs besides her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/257)



6- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَاتَ مَوْلًى لِحَمْزَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ فَدَفَعَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مِيرَاثَهُ إِلَى ابْنَةِ حَمْزَةَ. قَالَ الْحَسَنُ فَهَذِهِ الرِّوَايَةُ تَدُلُّ عَلَى أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِلْمَوْلَى ابْنَةٌ كَمَا تَرْوِي الْعَامَّةُ وَأَنَّ الْمَرْأَةَ أَيْضاً تَرِثُ الْوَلاءَ لَيْسَ كَمَا تَرْوِي الْعَامَّةُ.


6. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad from Safwan from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj from those who narrated to him who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When a mawla of Hamzah ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib died, the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, gave his legacy to the daughter of Hamzah.’” Al-Hassan has said that this proves that the mawla did not have any daughter as al-‘A’ammah narrate, and that women also inherit guardianship contrary to what al-‘A’ammah narrate.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/258)