6. Another Chapter on Invalidity of al-‘Awl (deficiency or excess) and the Ordained Shares are not more than Six

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ وَالْفُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ وَبُرَيْدٍ الْعِجْلِيِّ وَزُرَارَةَ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ السِّهَامُ لا تَعُولُ وَلا تَكُونُ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ سِتَّةٍ. وَعَنْهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan all from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ’Udhaynah from Muhammad ibn Muslim and al-Fudayl ibn Yasar and Burayd al-‘Ijliy and Zurarah ibn ‘A‘yan who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, The ordained shares do not face deficiency and they are not more than six.’” It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa ibn ‘Ubayd from Yunus ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman from ‘Umar ibn ’Udhaynah a similar Hadith.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/124)



2- وَعَنْهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ بَكْرٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِزُرَارَةَ إِنَّ بُكَيْرَ بْنَ أَعْيَنَ حَدَّثَنِي عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّ السِّهَامَ لا تَعُولُ وَلا تَكُونُ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ سِتَّةٍ فَقَالَ هَذَا مَا لَيْسَ فِيهِ اخْتِلافٌ بَيْنَ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ وَأَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام).


2. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from Musa ibn Bakr from Ali ibn Sa‘id who has narrated the following: “I once said to Zurarah that Bukayr ibn ’A’yan has narrated to me from abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, that the shares do not face deficiency and they are not more than six. He said, ‘This is of things in which there are no differences among our people from abu ‘Abd Allah, and abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhim al- Salam.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/124)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ السِّهَامُ لا تَعُولُ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The ordained shares do not face deficiency.”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/124)



4- وَعَنْهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَدِيدٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ أَمَرَ أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَأَقْرَأَنِي صَحِيفَةَ الْفَرَائِضِ فَرَأَيْتُ جُلَّ مَا فِيهَا عَلَى أَرْبَعَةِ أَسْهُمٍ.


4. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn Fladid from Jamil ibn Darraj from Zurarah who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, commanded abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, to make me read the booklet on ordained shares and I saw most of them were up to four shares.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/124)



5- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الْخَزَّازِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّ السِّهَامَ لا تَكُونُ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ سِتَّةِ أَسْهُمٍ‏.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The ordained shares are not more than six.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/124)



6- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ قَرَأَ عَلَيَّ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَرَائِضَ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَكَانَ أَكْثَرُهُنَّ مِنْ خَمْسَةٍ أَوْ مِنْ أَرْبَعَةٍ وَأَكْثَرُهُ مِنْ سِتَّةِ أَسْهُمٍ.


6. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from abu Basir who has narrated the following: “I read before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, the ordained shares (from the book of) according to Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. Many of them were from one-fifth or one-fourth and most of them were from one-sixth.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/125)



7- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ خُزَيْمَةَ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ عَنْ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَصْلُ الْفَرَائِضِ مِنْ سِتَّةِ أَسْهُمٍ لا تَزِيدُ عَلَى ذَلِكَ وَلا تَعُولُ عَلَيْهَا ثُمَّ الْمَالُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ لأهْلِ السِّهَامِ الَّذِينَ ذُكِرُوا فِي الْكِتَابِ.


7. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Khudhaymah ibn Yaqtin from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj from Bukayr who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The roots of ordained shares are six. They do not increase or face deficiency and thereafter the legacy is for those whose shares are mentioned in the book (of Allah).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/125)