29. The Rare Ahadith

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ تَزَوَّجَ أَرْبَعَ نِسْوَةٍ فِي عَقْدَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ أَوْ قَالَ فِي مَجْلِسٍ وَاحِدٍ وَمُهُورُهُنَّ مُخْتَلِفَةٌ قَالَ جَائِزٌ لَهُ وَلَهُنَّ قُلْتُ أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ هُوَ خَرَجَ إِلَى بَعْضِ الْبُلْدَانِ فَطَلَّقَ وَاحِدَةً مِنَ الأرْبَعِ وَأَشْهَدَ عَلَى طَلاقِهَا قَوْماً مِنْ أَهْلِ تِلْكَ الْبِلادِ وَهُمْ لا يَعْرِفُونَ الْمَرْأَةَ ثُمَّ تَزَوَّجَ امْرَأَةً مِنْ أَهْلِ تِلْكَ الْبِلادِ بَعْدَ انْقِضَاءِ عِدَّةِ تِلْكَ الْمُطَلَّقَةِ ثُمَّ مَاتَ بَعْدَ مَا دَخَلَ بِهَا كَيْفَ يُقْسَمُ مِيرَاثُهُ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ لَهُ وَلَدٌ فَإِنَّ لِلْمَرْأَةِ الَّتِي تَزَوَّجَهَا أَخِيراً مِنْ أَهْلِ تِلْكَ الْبِلادِ رُبُعَ ثُمُنِ مَا تَرَكَ وَإِنْ عُرِفَتِ الَّتِي طُلِّقَتْ مِنَ الأرْبَعِ بِعَيْنِهَا وَنَسَبِهَا فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ لَهَا مِنَ الْمِيرَاثِ وَعَلَيْهَا الْعِدَّةُ قَالَ وَيَقْسِمْنَ الثَّلاثُ نِسْوَةٍ ثَلاثَةَ أَرْبَاعِ ثُمُنِ مَا تَرَكَ وَعَلَيْهِنَّ الْعِدَّةُ وَإِنْ لَمْ تُعْرَفِ الَّتِي طُلِّقَتْ مِنَ الأرْبَعِ اقْتَسَمْنَ الأرْبَعُ نِسْوَةٍ ثَلاثَةَ أَرْبَاعِ ثُمُنِ مَا تَرَكَ بَيْنَهُنَّ جَمِيعاً وَعَلَيْهِنَّ جَمِيعاً الْعِدَّةُ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad all from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from abu Basir who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who has married four women in one marriage contract or that he said in one session with different amounts of mahr (dower) for each one. He (the Imam) said, ’It is permissible for them.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if he travels to a different town and divorces one of the four in the presence of witnesses from the people of that town who do not know the woman. He then marries a woman from that town after completion of ‘Iddah (waiting period) of the woman he has divorced. Then he dies after going to bed with the woman whom he has married last; how his legacy is distributed? He (the Imam) said, ‘If he has children the share of the woman whom he has married last is one-fourth of one-eighth. If the woman divorced is identified in person and lineage, she will not receive any share and she must complete ‘Iddah (waiting period).’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The other three women must distribute the remaining three-forths of one-eighth and they must complete their ‘Iddah (waiting period). If the divorced woman cannot be identified, the four women distribute the three-forths of one-eighth among themselves and they all must complete their ‘Iddah (waiting period).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/193)