18. Inheritance of Parents with Husband and Wife

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَسِّنِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ الْجُعْفِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي زَوْجٍ وَأَبَوَيْنِ قَالَ لِلزَّوْجِ النِّصْفُ وَلِلأمِّ الثُّلُثُ وَلِلأبِ مَا بَقِيَ وَقَالَ فِي امْرَأَةٍ مَعَ أَبَوَيْنِ قَالَ لِلْمَرْأَةِ الرُّبُعُ وَلِلأمِّ الثُّلُثُ وَمَا بَقِيَ فَلِلأبِ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhassin ibn Ahmad from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from ’Isma‘il al-Ju‘fiy who has narrated the following: “About the case of a woman who leaves behind her husband and parents, abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The share of the husband is one-half, the share of mother is one-third and the remaining belongs to the father.’ About the case of a man who leaves behind a wife and both parents, he (the Imam) said, ‘The share of the wife is one-fourth, the share of the mother is one-third and the remaining belongs to the father.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/147)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْجُعْفِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي زَوْجٍ وَأَبَوَيْنِ قَالَ لِلزَّوْجِ النِّصْفُ وَلِلأمِّ الثُّلُثُ وَمَا بَقِيَ فَلِلأبِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj from ’Isma‘il ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Ju‘fiy who has narrated the following: “About the case of a woman who leaves behind her husband and both parents, abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, has said, ‘The share of the husband is one-half, the share of mother is one-third and the remaining belongs to the father.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/148)



3- وَعَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ أَنَّ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَقْرَأَهُ صَحِيفَةَ الْفَرَائِضِ الَّتِي أَمْلاهَا رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَخَطَّ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) بِيَدِهِ فَقَرَأْتُ فِيهَا امْرَأَةٌ تَرَكَتْ زَوْجَهَا وَأَبَوَيْهَا فَلِلزَّوْجِ النِّصْفُ ثَلاثَةُ أَسْهُمٍ وَلِلأمِّ سَهْمَانِ الثُّلُثُ تَامّاً وَلِلأبِ السُّدُسُ سَهْمٌ.


3. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus all from ‘Umar ibn ’Udhaynah from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once made me (Muhammad ibn Muslim) to read the book of ordained shares which was dictated by the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, to Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who wrote it with his own hand. I read in it about the case of a woman who leaves behind her husband and her both parents. In such case for the husband is one-half; three shares, for the mother is two shares, one complete third and one-sixth belongs to the father.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/148)



4- وَعَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِزُرَارَةَ إِنَّ أُنَاساً قَدْ حَدَّثُونِي عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ وَأَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) بِأَشْيَاءَ فِي الْفَرَائِضِ فَأَعْرِضُهَا عَلَيْكَ فَمَا كَانَ مِنْهَا بَاطِلا فَقُلْ هَذَا بَاطِلٌ وَمَا كَانَ مِنْهَا حَقّاً فَقُلْ هَذَا حَقٌّ وَلا تَرْوِيهِ وَاسْكُتْ فَحَدَّثْتُهُ بِمَا حَدَّثَنِي بِهِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ فِي الزَّوْجِ وَالأبَوَيْنِ قَالَ وَاللهِ هُوَ الْحَقُّ.


4. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ’Udhaynah who has narrated the following: “I once said to Zurarah that certain people narrated to me from abu Ja‘far and abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, about certain things of ordained shares. I like to show them to you so you can tell me what is right and what is false; and about what is right, say that it is right but do not narrate and remain quiet, and I narrated to him what Muhammad ibn Muslim had narrated to me about husband and both parents. He said, ‘By Allah it is the truth.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/148)



5- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ رِبَاطٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ وَضَّاحٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي امْرَأَةٍ تُوُفِّيَتْ وَتَرَكَتْ زَوْجَهَا وَأُمَّهَا وَأَبَاهَا قَالَ هِيَ مِنْ سِتَّةِ أَسْهُمٍ لِلزَّوْجِ النِّصْفُ ثَلاثَةُ أَسْهُمٍ وَلِلأمِّ الثُّلُثُ سَهْمَانِ وَلِلأبِ السُّدُسُ سَهْمٌ. قَالَ الْفَضْلُ بْنُ شَاذَانَ فِي هَذِهِ الْمَسْأَلَةِ وَمِنَ الدَّلِيلِ عَلَى أَنَّ لِلأمِّ الثُّلُثَ مِنْ جَمِيعِ الْمَالِ أَنَّ جَمِيعَ مَنْ خَالَفَنَا لَمْ يَقُولُوا فِي هَذِهِ الْفَرِيضَةِ لِلأمِّ السُّدُسُ وَإِنَّمَا قَالُوا لِلأمِّ ثُلُثُ مَا بَقِيَ وَثُلُثُ مَا بَقِيَ هُوَ السُّدُسُ وَلَكِنَّهُمْ لَمْ يَسْتَجِيزُوا أَنْ يُخَالِفُوا لَفْظَ الْكِتَابِ فَأَثْبَتُوا لَفْظَ الْكِتَابِ وَخَالَفُوا حُكْمَهُ وَذَلِكَ خِلافٌ عَلَى اللهِ وَعَلَى كِتَابِهِ وَكَذَلِكَ مِيرَاثُ الْمَرْأَةِ مَعَ الأبَوَيْنِ لِلْمَرْأَةِ الرُّبُعُ وَلِلأمِّ الثُّلُثُ كَامِلا وَمَا بَقِيَ فَلِلأبِ لأنَّ اللهَ جَلَّ ذِكْرُهُ قَدْ سَمَّى فِي هَذِهِ الْفَرِيضَةِ وَفِي الَّتِي قَبْلَهَا لِلْمَرْأَةِ الرُّبُعَ وَلِلزَّوْجِ النِّصْفَ وَلِلأمِّ الثُّلُثَ وَلَمْ يُسَمِّ لِلأبِ شَيْئاً وَإِنَّمَا قَالَ وَوَرِثَهُ أَبَواهُ فَلأمِّهِ الثُّلُثُ وَكَانَ مَا بَقِيَ بَعْدَ ذَهَابِ السِّهَامِ لِلأبِ فَإِنَّمَا يَرِثُ الأبُ مَا بَقِيَ.


5. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad ibn Sama‘ah from Ali ibn al-Hassan ibn Ribat from ‘Abd Allah ibn Waddah from abu Basir who has narrated the following: “About the case of a woman who leaves behind her husband, her mother and father, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘It is distributed from six shares, one-half, three shares for the husband, one-third, two shares for the mother and one-sixth is for the father.’ “Al-Fadl ibn Shadhan in this issue has said, ‘Of the proof that one-third of the legacy is for the mother is that all who oppose us have not said in this case that the mother receives one-sixth. They have said that mother receives one-third of what remains of the legacy. The remaining of the legacy is one-sixth but they do not allow opposing the words of the book, so they have kept the meaning of the words of the book, but they have opposed its law and it is against Allah and His book. The same is the case with the inheritance of a woman with parents. In this case, the share of the woman is one-fourth, the share of mother is one-third complete and the remaining is for the father. Allah, glorious is whose remembrance, has mentioned this ordained share and in the case before it the share of the woman is one-fourth, the share of husband is one-half, the share of mother is one-third and nothing is mentioned for the father. He has only said, ’His parents inherit him and for the mother is one-third.’ (4:11) The remaining belongs to the father, that is, the remaining of the legacy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/148)