33. Inheritance of Relatives with Mawali

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ زُرْعَةَ عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ عَلِيّاً (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) لَمْ يَكُنْ يَأْخُذُ مِيرَاثَ أَحَدٍ مِنْ مَوَالِيهِ إِذَا مَاتَ وَلَهُ قَرَابَةٌ كَانَ يَدْفَعُ إِلَى قَرَابَتِهِ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his Muhammad ibn ‘Isa ibn ‘Ubayd from Yunus ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman from Zur’ah from Sama‘ah who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, did not take the legacy of any of his Mawali upon their death; instead if he had a relative he (the Imam) would give it to them/”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/199)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَضَى أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي خَالَةٍ جَاءَتْ تُخَاصِمُ فِي مَوْلَى رَجُلٍ مَاتَ فَقَرَأَ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ وَأُولُوا الأرْحامِ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلى‏ بِبَعْضٍ فِي كِتابِ اللهِ فَدَفَعَ الْمِيرَاثَ إِلَى الْخَالَةِ وَلَمْ يُعْطِ الْمَوْلَى.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu Najran from ‘Asem ibn Humayd from Muhammad ibn Qays who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’ Amir al-Mu’minin, issued a judgment in the case of a maternal aunt who disputed against a Mawla’ (master) of a man who had died. He read this verse, . the relatives have priority over each other according to the book of Allah.’ (33:6) He (the Imam) gave the legacy to the maternal aunt instead of the Mawla ’ (Master).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/199)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى وَغَيْرُهُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ الْجَهْمِ عَنْ حَنَانٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ لِلْمَوَالِي فَقَالَ لَيْسَ لَهُمْ مِنَ الْمِيرَاثِ إِلا مَا قَالَ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِلا أَنْ تَفْعَلُوا إِلى‏ أَوْلِيائِكُمْ مَعْرُوفاً.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya and others have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn al-Jahm from Hanan who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about what is for a Mawla ’ (Master). He (the Imam) said, ‘There is nothing for them (Mawla’ (Masters)) except what Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has said, ‘. . . except if you do well-liked favor to your guardians.’ (33:6)”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق على الظاهر 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/200)



4- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي الْحَمْرَاءِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ لِلْمَوَالِي مِنَ الْمِيرَاثِ فَقَالَ لَيْسَ لَهُمْ شَيْ‏ءٌ إِلا التَّرْبَاءُ يَعْنِي التُّرَابَ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn abu al-Hamra’ who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about what Mawla’ (Master) receives of inheritance. He (the Imam) said, ‘They receive nothing except soil, that is, dirt.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/200)



5- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ كَانَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِذَا مَاتَ مَوْلًى لَهُ وَتَرَكَ ذَا قَرَابَةٍ لَمْ يَأْخُذْ مِنْ مِيرَاثِهِ شَيْئاً وَيَقُولُ أُولُوا الأرْحامِ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلى‏ بِبَعْضٍ.


5. Abu Ali al-Ash‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has narrated the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying that Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, upon the death of his slaves did not take anything from their legacy if they left any relatives, and he would say, ‘. . . relatives have priority to each other.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/200)



6- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ التَّيْمِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ تَسْنِيمٍ الْكَاتِبِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ عَمْرٍو الأزْرَقِ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ وَسَأَلَهُ رَجُلٌ عَنْ رَجُلٍ مَاتَ وَتَرَكَ ابْنَةَ أُخْتٍ لَهُ وَتَرَكَ مَوَالِيَ وَلَهُ عِنْدِي أَلْفُ دِرْهَمٍ وَلَمْ يَعْلَمْ بِهَا أَحَدٌ فَجَاءَتِ ابْنَةُ أُخْتِهِ فَرَهَنَتْ عِنْدِي مُصْحَفاً فَأَعْطَيْتُهَا ثَلاثِينَ دِرْهَماً فَقَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) حِينَ قُلْتُ لَهُ عَلِمَ بِهَا أَحَدٌ قُلْتُ لا قَالَ فَأَعْطِهَا إِيَّاهَا قِطْعَةً قِطْعَةً وَلا تُعْلِمْ أَحَداً.


6. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hassan al-Tamimiy from Muhammad ibn Tasnim al-Katib from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Amr al-Arzaq who has narrated the following: “A man asked him (the Imam) about the case of a man who dies leaving behind the daughter of his sister and slaves. He has left one thousand dirham with him about which no one knows anything. The daughter of his sister came and left a holy book with him as a security deposit. He gave her thirty dirham. I heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ask, ‘Does anyone know about?’ I replied, ‘No, no one knows anything about it.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Give it to her piece by piece and do not inform anyone about it.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/201)



7- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ كَانَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) لا يَأْخُذُ مِنْ مِيرَاثِ مَوْلًى لَهُ إِذَا كَانَ لَهُ ذُو قَرَابَةٍ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُونُوا مِمَّنْ يَجْرِي لَهُمُ الْمِيرَاثُ الْمَفْرُوضُ فَكَانَ يَدْفَعُ مَالَهُ إِلَيْهِمْ.


7. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn m h ibn Sama‘ah from Muhammad ibn Ziyad from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, did not take anything from legacy of his slaves if they had relatives; and if the relatives were not of those who have the ordained shares, he would distribute the legacy among them (relatives).”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/201)



8- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ أَبِي ثَابِتٍ عَنْ حَنَانٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَاتَ مَوْلًى لِعَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) فَقَالَ انْظُرُوا هَلْ تَجِدُونَ لَهُ وَارِثاً فَقِيلَ لَهُ ابْنَتَانِ بِالْيَمَامَةِ مَمْلُوكَتَانِ فَاشْتَرَاهُمَا مِنْ مَالِ مَوْلاهُ الْمَيِّتِ ثُمَّ دَفَعَ إِلَيْهِمَا بَقِيَّةَ الْمَالِ.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from abu Thabit from Hanan from ibn abu ibn abu Ya’fur from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that a slave of Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, died. He asked to ascertain if he has left any relatives. It was said that he has two daughters in Yamamah who are owned. He (the Imam) bought them from the legacy of his slave who had died, then gave them the rest of the legacy.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/201)



9- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنْ أَبِي ثَابِتٍ عَنْ حَنَانِ بْنِ سَدِيرٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ قَالَ مَاتَ مَوْلًى لِعَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) قَالَ انْظُرُوا هَلْ تَجِدُونَ لَهُ وَارِثاً فَقِيلَ لَهُ ابْنَتَانِ بِالْيَمَامَةِ مَمْلُوكَتَانِ فَاشْتَرَاهُمَا مِنْ مَالِ الْمَيِّتِ ثُمَّ دَفَعَ إِلَيْهِمَا بَقِيَّةَ الْمَالِ. عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ أَبِي ثَابِتٍ مِثْلَهُ.


9. Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from abu Thabit from Hanan ibn Sadir from ibn abu Ya’fur from Ishaq who has narrated the following: “A slave of Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, died. He said, ‘You must look if you can find his heirs.’ It was said that he has two daughters in Yamamah who are owned. He (the Imam) bought them from the assets of the deceased and gave the rest of legacy to them.’” Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yunus from abu Thabit a similar Hadith.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول بسنديه 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/202)