31. The Adults whose Will is not Acceptable

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي وَلادٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ مَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْسَهُ مُتَعَمِّداً فَهُوَ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِداً فِيهَا قِيلَ لَهُ أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ كَانَ أَوْصَى بِوَصِيَّةٍ ثُمَّ قَتَلَ نَفْسَهُ مِنْ سَاعَتِهِ تَنْفُذُ وَصِيَّتُهُ قَالَ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ أَوْصَى قَبْلَ أَنْ يُحْدِثَ حَدَثاً فِي نَفْسِهِ مِنْ جِرَاحَةٍ أَوْ فِعْلٍ لَعَلَّهُ يَمُوتُ أُجِيزَتْ وَصِيَّتُهُ فِي الثُّلُثِ وَإِنْ كَانَ أَوْصَى بِوَصِيَّةٍ بَعْدَ مَا أَحْدَثَ فِي نَفْسِهِ مِنْ جِرَاحَةٍ أَوْ فِعْلٍ لَعَلَّهُ يَمُوتُ لَمْ تَجُزْ وَصِيَّتُهُ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from abu Wallad who has narrated the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying, ‘One who kills himself intentionally is in the fire of hell forever.’ It was asked, ‘What happens if one makes a will, then kills himself in the same hour, if his will is acceptable.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If his will takes place before his causing any injury or anything that perhaps may kill him, his will is permissible in one-third of his legacy; but if his will takes place after causing injuries or anything that may cause him to die, his will is not acceptable.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/76)