32. Inheritance of Women Divorced during Illness or without Illness

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا طُلِّقَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ ثُمَّ تُوُفِّيَ عَنْهَا زَوْجُهَا وَهِيَ فِي عِدَّةٍ مِنْهُ لَمْ تَحْرُمْ عَلَيْهِ فَإِنَّهَا تَرِثُهُ وَهُوَ يَرِثُهَا مَا دَامَتْ فِي الدَّمِ مِنْ حَيْضَتِهَا الثَّانِيَةِ مِنَ التَّطْلِيقَتَيْنِ الأوَّلَتَيْنِ فَإِنْ طَلَّقَهَا الثَّالِثَةَ فَإِنَّهَا لا تَرِثُ مِنْ زَوْجِهَا شَيْئاً وَلا يَرِثُ مِنْهَا.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu Najran from ‘Asem ibn Humayd from Muhammad ibn Qays who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a woman is divorced and the husband dies during her ‘Iddah (waiting period), she is no stranger to him and she inherits as long as she has not experienced her second cycle of Hayd (menses) after the first two time divorces. When she is divorced for the third time, then she does not receive any legacy from her husband and he does not inherit anything from her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/197)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُطَلِّقُ الْمَرْأَةَ فَقَالَ تَرِثُهُ وَيَرِثُهَا مَا دَامَ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا رَجْعَةٌ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from Zurarah who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who divorces his wife. He (the Imam) said, ‘She inherits him and he inherits her as long as he has the right to go back to her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/198)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا طَلَّقَ الرَّجُلُ وَهُوَ صَحِيحٌ لا رَجْعَةَ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا لَمْ تَرِثْهُ وَلَمْ يَرِثْهَا وَقَالَ هُوَ يَرِثُ وَيُورَثُ مَا لَمْ تَرَ الدَّمَ مِنَ الْحَيْضَةِ الثَّالِثَةِ إِذَا كَانَ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا رَجْعَةٌ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When a man in good health divorces his wife as such wherein he does not have the right to go back to her, she then does not inherit him and he does not inherit her legacy.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If he in a divorce has the right to go back to her then she inherits him and he inherits her until she experiences the third cycle of her Hayd (menses).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/198)



4- عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ طَلَّقَ امْرَأَتَهُ تَطْلِيقَتَيْنِ فِي صِحَّةٍ ثُمَّ طَلَّقَ الثَّالِثَةَ وَهُوَ مَرِيضٌ قَالَ تَرِثُهُ مَا دَامَ فِي مَرَضِهِ وَإِنْ كَانَ إِلَى سَنَةٍ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Aban from a man who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who in good health divorces his wife twice, then divorces for the third time when he is ill, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘She inherits him as long as he is ill even if his illness lasts for one year.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/198)



5- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا طَلَّقَ الرَّجُلُ الْمَرْأَةَ فِي مَرَضِهِ وَرِثَتْهُ مَا دَامَ فِي مَرَضِهِ ذَلِكَ وَإِنِ انْقَضَتْ عِدَّتُهَا إِلا أَنْ يَصِحَّ مِنْهُ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ فَإِنْ طَالَ بِهِ الْمَرَضُ قَالَ مَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ سَنَةٍ.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil ibn Darraj from abu al-‘Abbas who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a man during his illness divorces his wife she inherits him during that illness even if her ‘Iddah (waiting period) is complete unless he recovers from that illness.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if the illness prolongs?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is from that time (divorce) up to one year.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/198)



6- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ وَأَبِي بَصِيرٍ وَأَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ تَرِثُهُ وَلا يَرِثُهَا إِذَا انْقَضَتِ الْعِدَّةُ.


6. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla’ ibn Muhammad from certain persons of our people from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from al-Halabiy and abu Basir and abu al-‘Abbas all from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who have said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘She inherits him but he does not inherit her (if divorce takes place in his illness) when ‘Iddah (waiting period) is complete.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/199)



7- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي الرَّجُلِ الْمَرِيضِ يُطَلِّقُ امْرَأَتَهُ وَهُوَ مَرِيضٌ قَالَ إِنْ مَاتَ فِي مَرَضِهِ ذَلِكَ وَهِيَ مُقِيمَةٌ عَلَيْهِ لَمْ تَتَزَوَّجْ وَرِثَتْهُ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ قَدْ تَزَوَّجَتْ فَقَدْ رَضِيَتِ الَّذِي صَنَعَ وَلا مِيرَاثَ لَهَا.


7. Abu Ali al-Ash ‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from all from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj from those who narrated to him who has narrated the following: “About the case of a man who is ill and divorces his wife, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If he dies from that illness and she stays for him unmarried, she inherits him, but if she has married then she has accepted what he has done, thus, there is no inheritance for her.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/199)