15. Making the People of the Book to take Oath

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ أَهْلِ الْمِلَلِ يُسْتَحْلَفُونَ فَقَالَ لا تُحْلِفُوهُمْ إِلا بِاللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about how to make people of the book to take an oath. He (the Imam) said, ’Do not make them to take oath by anything other than Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/334)



2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ هَلْ يَصْلُحُ لأحَدٍ أَنْ يُحْلِفَ أَحَداً مِنَ الْيَهُودِ وَالنَّصَارَى وَالْمَجُوسِ بِ‏آلِهَتِهِمْ قَالَ لا يَصْلُحُ لأحَدٍ أَنْ يُحْلِفَ أَحَداً إِلا بِاللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah, who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, if it is proper to make Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians take an oath by their deities. He (the Imam) said, ’It is not proper for anyone to take oath by anything other than Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious.’”


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3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّوْفَلِيِّ عَنِ السَّكُونِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) اسْتَحْلَفَ يَهُودِيّاً بِالتَّوْرَاةِ الَّتِي أُنْزِلَتْ عَلَى مُوسَى (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام).


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from al-Nawfaliy from al-Sakuniy who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘You must make a Jew to take an oath (if needed) by the Torah which was revealed to Musa ‘Alayhi al-Salam .’”


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4- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا يُحْلَفُ الْيَهُودِيُّ وَلا النَّصْرَانِيُّ وَلا الْمَجُوسِيُّ بِغَيْرِ اللهِ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ فَاحْكُمْ بَيْنَهُمْ بِما أَنْزَلَ اللهُ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from Hisham ibn Salim from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Jews, Christians and Zoroastrian are not made to take an oath by anything other than Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, who says, ‘Judge among them by means of what Allah has revealed.’ (5:52)”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/335)



5- عَنْهُ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ جَرَّاحٍ الْمَدَائِنِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا يُحْلَفْ بِغَيْرِ اللهِ وَقَالَ الْيَهُودِيُّ وَالنَّصْرَانِيُّ وَالْمَجُوسِيُّ لا تُحْلِفُوهُمْ إِلا بِاللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ.


5. It is narrated from the narrator of the previous Hadith from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from al-Qasim ibn Sulayman from Jarrah al- Mada’iniy who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘An oath is not taken by anything other than by Allah.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘In the case of Jews, Christians and Zoroastrian, you must not make them to take an oath by anything other than by Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious.””


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/335)