39. The Inheritance of the People of Religion among them according to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Holy Prophet

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ ابْنِ رِئَابٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ عَلِيّاً (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) كَانَ يَقْضِي فِي الْمَوَارِيثِ فِيمَا أَدْرَكَ الإسْلامَ مِنْ مَالِ مُشْرِكٍ تَرَكَهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ قُسِمَ قَبْلَ الإسْلامِ أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَجْعَلُ لِلنِّسَاءِ وَالرِّجَالِ حُظُوظَهُمْ مِنْهُ عَلَى كِتَابِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَسُنَّةِ نَبِيِّهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه).


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad, a number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad, and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ibn Mahbub from ibn Ri’ab from abu Hamzah who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, once issued a judgment. It was in the case of those who became Muslims and the legacy of pagans, which was not distributed before his becoming a Muslim. It gave men and women their shares according to the book of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, and the Sunnah of His Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (3/216)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَضَى أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي الْمَوَارِيثِ مَا أَدْرَكَ الإسْلامَ مِنْ مَالِ مُشْرِكٍ لَمْ يُقْسَمْ فَإِنَّ لِلنِّسَاءِ حُظُوظَهُنَّ مِنْهُ. عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ قَالَ إِنَّ أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ وَالْمَجُوسَ يَرِثُونَ وَيُورَثُونَ مِيرَاثَ الإسْلامِ مِنْ وَجْهِ الْقَرَابَةِ الَّتِي تَجُوزُ فِي الإسْلامِ وَيَبْطُلُ مَا سِوَى ذَلِكَ مِنْ وِلادَتِهِمْ مِثْلُ الَّذِي يَتَزَوَّجُ مِنْهُمْ أُمَّهُ أَوْ أُخْتَهُ أَوْ غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ مِنْ ذَوَاتِ الْمَحَارِمِ فَإِنَّهُمْ يَرِثُونَ مِنْ جِهَةِ الأنْسَابِ الْمُسْتَقِيمَةِ لا مِنْ وَجْهِ أَنْسَابِ الْخَطَإِ. وَقَالَ الْفَضْلُ الْمَجُوسُ يَرِثُونَ بِالنَّسَبِ وَلا يَرِثُونَ بِالنِّكَاحِ فَإِنْ مَاتَ مَجُوسِيٌّ وَتَرَكَ أُمَّهُ وَهِيَ أُخْتُهُ وَهِيَ امْرَأَتُهُ فَالْمَالُ لَهَا مِنْ قِبَلِ أَنَّهَا أُمٌّ وَلَيْسَ لَهَا مِنْ قِبَلِ أَنَّهَا أُخْتٌ وَأَنَّهَا زَوْجَةٌ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَإِنْ تَرَكَ أُمّاً وَهِيَ أُخْتُهُ وَابْنَةً فَلِلأمِّ السُّدُسُ وَلِلابْنَةِ النِّصْفُ وَمَا بَقِيَ رُدَّ عَلَيْهِمَا عَلَى قَدْرِ أَنْصِبَائِهِمَا وَلَيْسَ لَهَا مِنْ قِبَلِ أَنَّهَا أُخْتٌ شَيْ‏ءٌ لأنَّ الأخْتَ لا تَرِثُ مَعَ الأمِّ وَإِنْ تَرَكَ ابْنَتَهُ وَهِيَ أُخْتُهُ وَهِيَ امْرَأَتُهُ فَإِنَّ هَذِهِ أُخْتُهُ لأمِّهِ فَلَهَا النِّصْفُ مِنْ قِبَلِ أَنَّهَا ابْنَتُهُ وَالْبَاقِي رُدَّ عَلَيْهَا وَلا تَرِثُ مِنْ قِبَلِ أَنَّهَا أُخْتٌ وَلا مِنْ قِبَلِ أَنَّهَا زَوْجَةٌ شَيْئاً وَإِنْ تَرَكَ أُخْتَهُ وَهِيَ امْرَأَتُهُ وَأَخَاهُ فَالْمَالُ بَيْنَهُمَا لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الأنْثَيَيْنِ وَلا تَرِثُ مِنْ قِبَلِ أَنَّهَا امْرَأَتُهُ شَيْئاً وَهَذَا كُلُّهُ عَلَى هَذَا الْمِثَالِ إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ فَإِنْ تَزَوَّجَ مَجُوسِيٌّ ابْنَتَهُ فَأَوْلَدَهَا ابْنَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ مَاتَ فَإِنَّهُ تَرَكَ ثَلاثَ بَنَاتٍ فَالْمَالُ بَيْنَهُنَّ بِالسَّوِيَّةِ فَإِنْ مَاتَتْ إِحْدَى الابْنَتَيْنِ فَإِنَّهَا تَرَكَتْ أُمَّهَا وَهِيَ أُخْتُهَا لأبِيهَا وَتَرَكَتْ أُخْتَهَا لأبِيهَا وَأُمِّهَا فَالْمَالُ لأمِّهَا الَّتِي هِيَ أُخْتُهَا لأبِيهَا لأنَّهُ لَيْسَ لِلإخْوَةِ وَالأخَوَاتِ مَعَ أَحَدِ الْوَالِدَيْنِ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu Najran from ‘Asem ibn Humayd from Muhammad ibn Qays who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, issued judgment. It was in the case of those who became Muslims and the pagans of the legacy of pagans, which was not distributed before his becoming a Muslim. It gave such men and women their shares according to the book of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, and the Sunnah of His Holy Prophet, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause.’” (According to the two above those who become Muslims before the distribution of the legacy, they receive their shares according to the book and Sunnah). [Note: The next several passages of the Arabic text are the words of Yunus and al-Fadl and are not translated.]


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (23/217)