4. The Case of a Man who hears a Testimony but does not Witness it

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1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا سَمِعَ الرَّجُلُ الشَّهَادَةَ وَلَمْ يُشْهَدْ عَلَيْهَا فَهُوَ بِالْخِيَارِ إِنْ شَاءَ شَهِدَ وَإِنْ شَاءَ سَكَتَ وَقَالَ إِذَا أُشْهِدَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ إِلا أَنْ يَشْهَدَ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn Salim who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ’If a man hears a testimony but has not witnessed it, he has the choice to present it or not, but if he has witnessed it, has no choice but to present his testimony.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/222)



2- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا سَمِعَ الرَّجُلُ الشَّهَادَةَ وَلَمْ يُشْهَدْ عَلَيْهَا فَهُوَ بِالْخِيَارِ إِنْ شَاءَ شَهِدَ وَإِنْ شَاءَ سَكَتَ.


2. Abu Ali al-Ash ‘ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a man hears a testimony but has not witnessed it, he has the choice to testify or remain silent.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/223)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا سَمِعَ الرَّجُلُ الشَّهَادَةَ وَلَمْ يُشْهَدْ عَلَيْهَا فَهُوَ بِالْخِيَارِ إِنْ شَاءَ شَهِدَ وَإِنْ شَاءَ سَكَتَ إِلا إِذَا عَلِمَ مِنَ الظَّالِمِ فَلْيَشْهَدْ وَلا يَحِلُّ لَهُ إِلا أَنْ يَشْهَدَ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a man hears a testimony but has not witnessed it, he has the choice to testify or remain silent, unless he knows that a rightful party suffers injustice, in which case it is not lawful to remain silent.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (4/223)



4- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ وَغَيْرِهِ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا سَمِعَ الرَّجُلُ الشَّهَادَةَ فَلَمْ يُشْهَدْ عَلَيْهَا فَهُوَ بِالْخِيَارِ إِنْ شَاءَ شَهِدَ وَإِنْ شَاءَ سَكَتَ إِلا إِذَا عَلِمَ مِنَ الظَّالِمِ فَيَشْهَدُ وَلا يَحِلُّ لَهُ أَنْ لا يَشْهَدَ.


4. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ’Isma‘il ibn Marrar and others from Yunus from certain persons of his people who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a man hears a testimony but has not witnessed it, he has the choice to testify or remain silent, unless he knows that a rightful party suffers injustice, in which case it is not lawful to remain silent.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/223)



5- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا سَمِعَ الرَّجُلُ الشَّهَادَةَ وَلَمْ يُشْهَدْ عَلَيْهَا فَهُوَ بِالْخِيَارِ إِنْ شَاءَ شَهِدَ وَإِنْ شَاءَ سَكَتَ.


5. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a man hears a testimony but has not witnessed it, he has the choice to testify or remain silent.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/223)



6- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ هِلالٍ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَحْضُرُ حِسَابَ الرَّجُلِ فَيَطْلُبَانِ مِنْهُ الشَّهَادَةَ عَلَى مَا سَمِعَ مِنْهُمَا فَقَالَ ذَلِكَ إِلَيْهِ إِنْ شَاءَ شَهِدَ وَإِنْ شَاءَ لَمْ يَشْهَدْ فَإِنْ شَهِدَ بِحَقٍّ قَدْ سَمِعَهُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَشْهَدْ فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْهِ لأنَّهُمَا لَمْ يُشْهِدَاهُ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Hilal from al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who is present during the accounting of the two of them who ask him to bear witness to what he has heard from them. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is up to him to bear witness or not, but if he witnesses a true case which he has heard and does not testify, there is nothing against him if he did not testify because they had not asked him to bear witness.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (24/223)