Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of haqila, muzabana, ‘araya, mukhabarat, mukhadhara, munabadha, mulamasa, the selling of pebble and other things that were declared forbidden
Hadith #12

ونهى صلى الله عليه وآله عن قيل وقال وكثرة السؤال وإضاعة المال ونهى عن عقوق الأمهات ووأد البنات ومنع [ال‍] وهات. يقال: إن قوله: " إضاعة المال " يكون في وجهين: أما أحدهما وهو الأصل فما أنفق في معاصي الله عز وجل من قليل أو كثير وهو السرف الذي عابه الله تعالى ونهى عنه. والوجه الاخر: دفع المال إلى ربه وليس له بموضع. قال الله عز وجل: " وابتلوا اليتامى حتى إذا بلغوا النكاح فإن آنستم منهم رشدا - وهو العقل - فادفعوا إليهم أموالهم " وقد قيل: إن الرشد صلاح في الدين وحفظ المال وأما كثرة السؤال فإنه نهى عن مسألة الناس. أموالهم وقد يكون أيضا من السؤال عن الأمور وكثرة البحث عنها كما قال عز وجل: " لا تسألوا عن أشياء إن تبد لكم تسؤكم "، وأما وأد البنات فإنهم كانوا يدفنون بناتهم أحياء ولهذا كانوا يسمون القبر " صهرا "، وأما قوله: " نهى عن قيل وقال " القال: مصدر، ألا ترى أنه يقول: " عن قيل وقال " فكأنه قال: عن قيل وقول، يقال على هذا: قلت قولا وقيلا وقالا. وفي حرف عبد الله " ذلك عيسى ابن مريم قال الحق " وهو من هذا فكأنه قال: قول الحق.

He, Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Family, also forbade to speak of «it was said, and what is said» abundant asking and wasting of property. He also forbade disobedience towards mothers and burial of girls, and he forbade wihat [1]. It is said: His saying: « wasting of property» comes in two indications: as for one of them, which is the principle, it is what is spent in (acts of) disobedience to Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, be it little or much, and that is the thriftlessness whom Allah, Exalted is He, reproached for and forbade; the other indication is that one pays money to one’s lord while it has no spot (to be spent for). Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He, said: «And test the orphans (in ability) until age of marriage. If you are satisfied with them in (terms of) sound judgement – that is rationality – then give to them their property.» (4:6) It was said: Sound judgement is righteousness in terms of religion and maintenance of property. As for much questioning, he forbade people from asking about their properties, and it may also be included, among questioning, commandments and much search for it, like how He, Exalted and Glorious is He, said: «Do not ask about things which if they were visible to you, they would harm you.» (5:101) As for the burial of girls, they used to bury their daughters alive, and that is why they used to call the grave a «son-in-law». As for his saying that he forbade to speak of «it was said, and what is said». «What is said» refers to an infinitive tense. Do you not see that when he says «it was said, and what is said» it is as if he is said: «it was said, and sayings (of people)». It is said, in this regard: «I said a qawl, qeel and qaal [2]». In accordance to the (Qur’anic) recitation of Abdullah [3]: «That is Isa bin Mariam, the Qaal [4] of Truth» (19:34). Stemming from this, it is as if he said: «The Saying of Truth».