14. The Rare Ahadith

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مِهْرَانَ عَنْ عُبَيْسِ بْنِ هِشَامٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُرَّاءُ الْقُرْآنِ ثَلاثَةٌ رَجُلٌ قَرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ فَاتَّخَذَهُ بِضَاعَةً وَاسْتَدَرَّ بِهِ الْمُلُوكَ وَاسْتَطَالَ بِهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ وَرَجُلٌ قَرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ فَحَفِظَ حُرُوفَهُ وَضَيَّعَ حُدُودَهُ وَأَقَامَهُ إِقَامَةَ الْقِدْحِ فَلا كَثَّرَ الله هَؤُلاءِ مِنْ حَمَلَةِ الْقُرْآنِ وَرَجُلٌ قَرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ فَوَضَعَ دَوَاءَ الْقُرْآنِ عَلَى دَاءِ قَلْبِهِ فَأَسْهَرَ بِهِ لَيْلَهُ وَأَظْمَأَ بِهِ نَهَارَهُ وَقَامَ بِهِ فِي مَسَاجِدِهِ وَتَجَافَى بِهِ عَنْ فِرَاشِهِ فَبِأُولَئِكَ يَدْفَعُ الله الْعَزِيزُ الْجَبَّارُ الْبَلاءَ وَبِأُولَئِكَ يُدِيلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ مِنَ الأعْدَاءِ وَبِأُولَئِكَ يُنَزِّلُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ الْغَيْثَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فَوَ الله لَهَؤُلاءِ فِي قُرَّاءِ الْقُرْآنِ أَعَزُّ مِنَ الْكِبْرِيتِ الأحْمَرِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from Isma’il ibn Mehran from ‘Ubays ibn Hisham from those whom he has mentioned (in his book) from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: ‘‘The readers of the Holy Quran are of three kinds: There is a man who has learned the Holy Quran and has taken it as a piece of merchandise to attract the rulers thereby and dominate the people. There is a man who has learned the Holy Quran, preserved its letters, but has lost its laws. He has kept its letters without change. (I wish) Allah would not increase the number of people like him as the carrier of the Holy Quran. ‘‘There is a man who has applied the medicine of the Holy Quran to the wounds of his heart, it keeps him vigilant during the night, he endures thirst during the day, stands up in mosques and leaves his bed for its (the Holy Quran) sake. Through such people Allah, the Most Majestic, the Almighty, defends the land against the enemies, and through them he sends down rain from the sky. By Allah, such ones among the readers of the Holy Quran are like alchemy in rarity and value.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/516)



2ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي يَحْيَى عَنِ الأصْبَغِ بْنِ نُبَاتَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ نَزَلَ الْقُرْآنُ أَثْلاثاً ثُلُثٌ فِينَا وَفِي عَدُوِّنَا وَثُلُثٌ سُنَنٌ وَأَمْثَالٌ وَثُلُثٌ فَرَائِضُ وَأَحْكَامٌ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father all from ibn Mahbub from abu Hamza from abu Yahya from al-Asbagh ibn Nubatah who has said the following: “I heard Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali ibn abu Talib (a.s.) saying, ‘The Holy Quran came in three parts: One third about us ( Ahl al-Bayt) and about our enemies, one third about traditions and axioms and one third about obligations and laws.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/517)



3ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَجَّالِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ فَرْقَدٍ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْقُرْآنَ نَزَلَ أَرْبَعَةَ أَرْبَاعٍ رُبُعٌ حَلالٌ وَرُبُعٌ حَرَامٌ وَرُبُعٌ سُنَنٌ وَأَحْكَامٌ وَرُبُعٌ خَبَرُ مَا كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ وَنَبَأُ مَا يَكُونُ بَعْدَكُمْ وَفَصْلُ مَا بَيْنِكُمْ.


3. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad from al-Hajjal from Ali ibn ‘Aqabah from Dawud ibn Farqad from those whom he has mentioned (in his book) from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: ‘‘The Holy Quran came in four parts: One fourth is about lawful matters, one fourth about unlawful matters, one fourth about traditions and laws and one fourth about the news of what was before you and what will be after you and ways to settle your disputes.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/517)



4ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ نَزَلَ الْقُرْآنُ أَرْبَعَةَ أَرْبَاعٍ رُبُعٌ فِينَا وَرُبُعٌ فِي عَدُوِّنَا وَرُبُعٌ سُنَنٌ وَأَمْثَالٌ وَرُبُعٌ فَرَائِضُ وَأَحْكَامٌ.


4. Abu Ali al-Ash’ari has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar from abu Basir from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Holy Quran came in four parts: One fourth is about us (Ahl al-Bayt) one fourth about our enemies, one about traditions and axioms and one fourth about obligations and laws.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/517)



5ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ الْعَبَّاسِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ السَّرِيِّ عَنْ عَمِّهِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ السَّرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَوَّلُ مَا نَزَلَ عَلَى رَسُولِ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) بِسْمِ الله الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ وَآخِرُهُ إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ الله.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Sahl ibn Ziyad from Mansur ibn al- ‘Abbas from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-Sarriy from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The first thing that was revealed to the Messenger of Allah was, ‘(I begin) in the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Read in the name of your Lord . . .’ (Chapter 96) and the last thing was, ‘When support comes from Allah. . . (Chapter 110)


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/517)



6ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ دَاوُدَ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ غِيَاثٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ شَهْرُ رَمَضانَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ وَإِنَّمَا أُنْزِلَ فِي عِشْرِينَ سَنَةً بَيْنَ أَوَّلِهِ وَآخِرِهِ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) نَزَلَ الْقُرْآنُ جُمْلَةً وَاحِدَةً فِي شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ الْمَعْمُورِ ثُمَّ نَزَلَ فِي طُولِ عِشْرِينَ سَنَةً ثُمَّ قَالَ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) نَزَلَتْ صُحُفُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ فِي أَوَّلِ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَأُنْزِلَتِ التَّوْرَاةُ لِسِتٍّ مَضَيْنَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَأُنْزِلَ الإنْجِيلُ لِثَلاثَ عَشْرَةَ لَيْلَةً خَلَتْ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَأُنْزِلَ الزَّبُورُ لِثَمَانَ عَشَرَ خَلَوْنَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ وَأُنْزِلَ الْقُرْآنُ فِي ثَلاثٍ وَعِشْرِينَ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ.


6. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn al-Qasim from Muhammad ibn Sulayman from Dawud from Hafs ibn Ghiyath who has said the following: “Once I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, ‘The month of Ramadan is the month in which the Quran was revealed, . . .’ (2:185) but there were twenty years between its first and last (words).’ Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) said, ‘The Holy Quran was revealed in one piece in the month of Ramadan to Bayt al-Ma ’mur, then it was revealed in twenty years.’ The Imam said, ‘The Holy Prophet has said, “The books of Ibrahim were revealed in the first night of Ramadan, Torah was revealed on the sixth day of Ramadan, lnjil was revealed after thirteen nights of the month of Ramadan had passed, al-Zabur was revealed after twenty six days were passed from the month of Ramadan and the Holy Quran was revealed after twenty-three days had passed from the month of Ramadan.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول أو ضعيف على الظاهر 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/518)



7ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ بَعْضِ رِجَالِهِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لا تَتَفَأَّلْ بِالْقُرْآنِ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from certain individuals of his people from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘The Holy Quran is not to be used for omens or prophecy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/518)



8ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْكَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْوَرَّاقِ قَالَ عَرَضْتُ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) كِتَاباً فِيهِ قُرْآنٌ مُخَتَّمٌ مُعَشَّرٌ بِالذَّهَبِ وَكُتِبَ فِي آخِرِهِ سُورَةٌ بِالذَّهَبِ فَأَرَيْتُهُ إِيَّاهُ فَلَمْ يَعِبْ فِيهِ شَيْئاً إِلا كِتَابَةَ الْقُرْآنِ بِالذَّهَبِ وَقَالَ لا يُعْجِبُنِي أَنْ يُكْتَبَ الْقُرْآنُ إِلا بِالسَّوَادِ كَمَا كُتِبَ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ.


8. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Safwan from Muskan from Muhammad ibn al-Warraq who has said the following: “Once I showed to abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) a copy of the Holy Quran decorated with writings of gold in a stamp form and at the end of chapters there were writings with gold. He did not criticize anything in it except the writing of the Holy Quran with gold saying, ‘I do not like the writing of the Holy Quran in anything except black ink, just as it was written the first time.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/519)



9ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ يَاسِينَ الضَّرِيرِ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ تَأْخُذُ الْمُصْحَفَ فِي الثُّلُثِ الثَّانِي مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فَتَنْشُرُهُ وَتَضَعُهُ بَيْنَ يَدَيْكَ وَتَقُولُ اللهمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ بِكِتَابِكَ الْمُنْزَلِ وَمَا فِيهِ وَفِيهِ اسْمُكَ الأعْظَمُ الأكْبَرُ وَأَسْمَاؤُكَ الْحُسْنَى وَمَا يُخَافُ وَيُرْجَى أَنْ تَجْعَلَنِي مِنْ عُتَقَائِكَ مِنَ النَّارِ وَتَدْعُو بِمَا بَدَا لَكَ مِنْ حَاجَةٍ.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Yasin al-Darir from Hariz from Zurara from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “In the last third of the month of Ramadan, you may take a copy of the Holy Quran, open it, place before you and say, ‘O Lord, I plead before You through Your revealed book and through what is in it and in it there is Your greatest, the magnificent name and Your beautiful names, what is feared and what is hoped for, to make me of those whom You have freed from the fire’ and then ask for help for whatever you like or need help.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/519)



10ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ النَّضْرِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لِكُلِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ رَبِيعٌ وَرَبِيعُ الْقُرْآنِ شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ.


10. Abu Ali al-Ash’ari has narrated from Muhammad ibn Salim from Ahmad ibn al- Nadr from ‘Amr ibn Shimr from Jabir from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu Ja’far (a.s.) has said, ‘For everything there is a spring. The spring for the Holy Quran is the month of Ramadan.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/519)



11ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ أَوْ عَنْ غَيْرِهِ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الْقُرْآنِ وَالْفُرْقَانِ أَ هُمَا شَيْئَانِ أَوْ شَيْ‏ءٌ وَاحِدٌ فَقَالَ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) الْقُرْآنُ جُمْلَةُ الْكِتَابِ وَالْفُرْقَانُ الْمُحْكَمُ الْوَاجِبُ الْعَمَلِ بِهِ.


11. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Sinan or others from those whom he has mentioned (in his book) who has said the following: “Once I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) whether al-Quran and al-Furqan are two different things or one thing? The Imam said, ‘Al-Quran is the name of the whole book and al-Furqan is that much that is clearly understood and is necessary to act accordingly thereby.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/519)



12ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ جَمِيلِ بْنِ دَرَّاجٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْقُرْآنَ وَاحِدٌ نَزَلَ مِنْ عِنْدِ وَاحِدٍ وَلَكِنَّ الإخْتِلافَ يَجِي‏ءُ مِنْ قِبَلِ الرُّوَاةِ.


12. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn Muhammad from al- Washsha’ from Jamil ibn Darraj from Muhammad ibn Muslim from Zurara from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Holy Quran is one. It has come from One, however, the differences come from the narrators.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/520)



13ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أُذَيْنَةَ عَنِ الْفُضَيْلِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ النَّاسَ يَقُولُونَ إِنَّ الْقُرْآنَ نَزَلَ عَلَى سَبْعَةِ أَحْرُفٍ فَقَالَ كَذَبُوا أَعْدَاءُ الله وَلَكِنَّهُ نَزَلَ عَلَى حَرْفٍ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ عِنْدِ الْوَاحِدِ.


13. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn ‘Udhaynah from al-Fudayl ibn Yasar who has said the following: “Once, I said to abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘People say that the Holy Quran was revealed upon seven letters.’ The Imam said, ‘They, the enemies of Allah, lie. It was revealed upon one letter from One source.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/520)



14ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ نَزَلَ الْقُرْآنُ بِإِيَّاكِ أَعْنِي وَاسْمَعِي يَا جَارَةُ. وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ أُخْرَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَعْنَاهُ مَا عَاتَبَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِهِ عَلَى نَبِيِّهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) فَهُوَ يَعْنِي بِهِ مَا قَدْ مَضَى فِي الْقُرْآنِ مِثْلُ قَوْلِهِ وَلَوْ لا أَنْ ثَبَّتْناكَ لَقَدْ كِدْتَ تَرْكَنُ إِلَيْهِمْ شَيْئاً قَلِيلاً عَنَى بِذَلِكَ غَيْرَهُ.


14. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from ‘Abd Allah ibn Bukayr from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The Holy Quran was revealed in a manner like, ‘I speak to you, but it is the neighbor who must listen.’” It is narrated, in another Hadith, from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “The meaning of ‘I speak to you, but it is the neighbor who must listen’, is that whenever Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has addressed His prophet in critical expressions they, in fact, are addressed to others and not the Holy Prophet such as: ‘Had We not strengthened your faith you might have relied on them some how,’ (17:74) is addressed to others (not the Holy Prophet).”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/520)



15ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ جُنْدَبٍ عَنْ سُفْيَانَ بْنِ السِّمْطِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) عَنْ تَنْزِيلِ الْقُرْآنِ قَالَ اقْرَءُوا كَمَا عُلِّمْتُمْ.


15. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ali ibn al- Hakam from ‘Abd Allah ibn Jundab from Sufyan ibn al-Samt who has said the following: “Once I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘How was the Holy Quran revealed?’ The Imam said, ‘Read as you are instructed.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/521)



16ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ قَالَ دَفَعَ إِلَيَّ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مُصْحَفاً وَقَالَ لا تَنْظُرْ فِيهِ فَفَتَحْتُهُ وَقَرَأْتُ فِيهِ لَمْ يَكُنِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَوَجَدْتُ فِيهَا اسْمَ سَبْعِينَ رَجُلاً مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ بِأَسْمَائِهِمْ وَأَسْمَاءِ آبَائِهِمْ قَالَ فَبَعَثَ إِلَيَّ ابْعَثْ إِلَيَّ بِالْمُصْحَفِ.


16. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from certain individuals of his people from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr who has said the following: “Once, abu al-Hassan (a.s.) gave me a copy of the Holy Quran saying, ‘Do not look at it.’ I opened and read in it (Chapter 98) ‘The unbelievers were not . . .’ and I found therein the names of seventy people from Quraysh with their names and the names of their fathers.’ The narrator has said that the Imam (a.s.) sent a message to me, ‘Send the copy back to me.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/521)



17ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ أَبِي (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مَا ضَرَبَ رَجُلٌ الْقُرْآنَ بَعْضَهُ بِبَعْضٍ إِلا كَفَرَ.


17. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Husayn ibn Sa’id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from al-Qasim ibn Sulayman from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘Once my father said to me, “Whoever mixes up the Holy Quran becomes an unbeliever.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/521)



18ـ عَنْهُ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ النَّضْرِ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي مَرْيَمَ الأنْصَارِيِّ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ وَقَعَ مُصْحَفٌ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَوَجَدُوهُ وَقَدْ ذَهَبَ مَا فِيهِ إِلا هَذِهِ الآيَةَ أَلا إِلَى الله تَصِيرُ الأمُورُ.


18. It is narrated from him (narrator of the Hadith above) from al-Husayn ibn al- Nadr from al-Qasim ibn Sulayman from abu Maryam al-Ansari from Jabir who has said the following: “I heard abu Ja’far (a.s.) saying, ‘A copy of the Holy Quran had fallen in the sea, when they found it all the writing was gone except: ‘ ... is it not the case that all things end up in the presence of Allah. . . .’” (42:53)


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/522)



19ـ الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ مَيْمُونٍ الْقَدَّاحِ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) اقْرَأْ قُلْتُ مِنْ أَيِّ شَيْ‏ءٍ أَقْرَأُ قَالَ مِنَ السُّورَةِ التَّاسِعَةِ قَالَ فَجَعَلْتُ أَلْتَمِسُهَا فَقَالَ اقْرَأْ مِنْ سُورَةِ يُونُسَ قَالَ فَقَرَأْتُ لِلَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُوا الْحُسْنى‏ وَزِيادَةٌ وَلا يَرْهَقُ وُجُوهَهُمْ قَتَرٌ وَلا ذِلَّةٌ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) إِنِّي لأعْجَبُ كَيْفَ لا أَشِيبُ إِذَا قَرَأْتُ الْقُرْآنَ.


19. Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla ibn Muhammad from al- Washsha’ from Aban from Maymun al-Qaddah who has said the following: “Once abu Ja’far (a.s.) said to me, ‘Read.’ I then asked, ‘What should I read?’ The Imam said, ‘Read from Chapter 9.’ I (the narrator) tried to find it but he said, ‘Read from Yunus (which is Chapter 10).’ I (the narrator) then read: ‘The righteous will receive good rewards for their deeds and more. Their faces will suffer no disgrace or ignominy. . . .’ (10:26) The Imam said, ‘The Messenger of Allah has said, “It is astonishing to me, why should I not grow old much quicker when I read the Holy Quran.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/522)



20ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَجَّالِ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا (عَلَيهِما السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ قَوْلِ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِلِسانٍ عَرَبِيٍّ مُبِينٍ قَالَ يُبِينُ الألْسُنَ وَلا تُبِينُهُ الألْسُنُ.


20. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from Salih ibn abu Hammad from al-Hajjal from those whom he has mentioned (in his book) who has said the following: “Once I asked one of the two Imam (a.s.) about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy: ‘It has been revealed in plain Arabic.’ (26:195) The Imam said, ‘It (the Holy Quran) explains the languages but the languages do not explain it.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/522)



21ـ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ النَّهْدِيِّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنْ عَامِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ جُذَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ يَقْرَأُ آخِرَ الْكَهْفِ إِلا تَيَقَّظَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الَّتِي يُرِيدُ.


21. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Nahdi from Muhammad ibn al-Walid from Aban from ‘Amir ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Jadha’h from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Whoever reads the last verse of al-Kahf (Chapter 18) can wake up at night at the hour that he intends to wake up.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/523)



22ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ وَغَيْرُهُ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْكُوفِيِّ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) سُلَيْمٌ مَوْلاكَ ذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ لَيْسَ مَعَهُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ إِلا سُورَةُ يس فَيَقُومُ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَيَنْفَدُ مَا مَعَهُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ أَ يُعِيدُ مَا قَرَأَ قَالَ نَعَمْ لا بَأْسَ.


22. Abu Ali al-Ash’ari and others have narrated from al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Kufi from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sa’id ibn Yasar who has said the following: “Once, I said to abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘Your Mawla, Sulaym says that of the Holy Quran with him there is only Yasin, Chapter 36. At night he wakes up and completes reading of the Holy Quran whatever is available with him, can he repeat it reading?’ The Imam said, ‘Yes, he can do so.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/523)



23ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي هَاشِمٍ عَنْ سَالِمِ بْنِ سَلَمَةَ قَالَ قَرَأَ رَجُلٌ عَلَى أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) وَأَنَا أَسْتَمِعُ حُرُوفاً مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ لَيْسَ عَلَى مَا يَقْرَأُهَا النَّاسُ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) كُفَّ عَنْ هَذِهِ الْقِرَاءَةِ اقْرَأْ كَمَا يَقْرَأُ النَّاسُ حَتَّى يَقُومَ الْقَائِمُ (عجل الله تعالى فرجه الشريف) فَإِذَا قَامَ الْقَائِمُ (عجل الله تعالى فرجه الشريف) قَرَأَ كِتَابَ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَلَى حَدِّهِ وَأَخْرَجَ الْمُصْحَفَ الَّذِي كَتَبَهُ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) وَقَالَ أَخْرَجَهُ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِلَى النَّاسِ حِينَ فَرَغَ مِنْهُ وَكَتَبَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُمْ هَذَا كِتَابُ الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ كَمَا أَنْزَلَهُ الله عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) وَقَدْ جَمَعْتُهُ مِنَ اللَّوْحَيْنِ فَقَالُوا هُوَ ذَا عِنْدَنَا مُصْحَفٌ جَامِعٌ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ لا حَاجَةَ لَنَا فِيهِ فَقَالَ أَمَا وَالله مَا تَرَوْنَهُ بَعْدَ يَوْمِكُمْ هَذَا أَبَداً إِنَّمَا كَانَ عَلَيَّ أَنْ أُخْبِرَكُمْ حِينَ جَمَعْتُهُ لِتَقْرَءُوهُ.


23. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu Hashim from Salim ibn Salamah who has said the following: “Once, a man read before abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) certain letters from the Holy Quran, while I was present, which were not like those that people read. Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) said, ‘Stop this reading. Read as people read until the one who will establish Divine Authority on earth will come. When he will come, the book of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, will be read upon its limits. He then brought the copy of the Holy Quran that Ali (a.s.) had written and said, ‘Ali (a.s.) brought this to people when he completed writing down the Holy Quran in one copy and said to them, “This is the book of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, as Allah had revealed upon Muhammad (a.s.) and I have written it in one copy from two tablets.” They said, ‘With us there is the comprehensive copy of the Holy Quran. We do not need it.’ He then said, ‘By Allah you will never see this from today on. It was necessary for me to tell you after I completed writing it down so you can read.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/523)



24ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الله الأعْرَجِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ ثُمَّ يَنْسَاهُ ثُمَّ يَقْرَأُهُ ثُمَّ يَنْسَاهُ أَ عَلَيْهِ فِيهِ حَرَجٌ فَقَالَ لا.


24. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Safwan from Sa’id ibn ‘Abd Allah al-A’Raj who has said the following: “Once I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) about a man who reads the Holy Quran but then he forgets, he reads again and forgets. Is it an offense? The Imam said, ‘No, it is not an offense.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/524)



25ـ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَيْدٍ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ سُلَيْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَالَ أَبِي (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) مَا ضَرَبَ رَجُلٌ الْقُرْآنَ بَعْضَهُ بِبَعْضٍ إِلا كَفَرَ.


25. Ali has narrated from his father from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from al-Qasim ibn Sulayman from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “My father has said, ‘Whoever mixes one part of the Holy Quran with the other part he turns into an unbeliever.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/524)



26ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى جَمِيعاً عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ سَدِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سُورَةُ الْمُلْكِ هِيَ الْمَانِعَةُ تَمْنَعُ مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ وَهِيَ مَكْتُوبَةٌ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ سُورَةَ الْمُلْكِ وَمَنْ قَرَأَهَا فِي لَيْلَتِهِ فَقَدْ أَكْثَرَ وَأَطَابَ وَلَمْ يُكْتَبْ بِهَا مِنَ الْغَافِلِينَ وَإِنِّي لأرْكَعُ بِهَا بَعْدَ عِشَاءِ الآخِرَةِ وَأَنَا جَالِسٌ وَإِنَّ وَالِدِي (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) كَانَ يَقْرَأُهَا فِي يَوْمِهِ وَلَيْلَتِهِ وَمَنْ قَرَأَهَا إِذَا دَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ فِي قَبْرِهِ نَاكِرٌ وَنَكِيرٌ مِنْ قِبَلِ رِجْلَيْهِ قَالَتْ رِجْلاهُ لَهُمَا لَيْسَ لَكُمَا إِلَى مَا قِبَلِي سَبِيلٌ قَدْ كَانَ هَذَا الْعَبْدُ يَقُومُ عَلَيَّ فَيَقْرَأُ سُورَةَ الْمُلْكِ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَتِهِ وَإِذَا أَتَيَاهُ مِنْ قِبَلِ جَوْفِهِ قَالَ لَهُمَا لَيْسَ لَكُمَا إِلَى مَا قِبَلِي سَبِيلٌ قَدْ كَانَ هَذَا الْعَبْدُ أَوْعَانِي سُورَةَ الْمُلْكِ وَإِذَا أَتَيَاهُ مِنْ قِبَلِ لِسَانِهِ قَالَ لَهُمَا لَيْسَ لَكُمَا إِلَى مَا قِبَلِي سَبِيلٌ قَدْ كَانَ هَذَا الْعَبْدُ يَقْرَأُ بِي فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ سُورَةَ الْمُلْكِ.


26. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa all from ibn Mahbub from Jamil from Sadir from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following: “ Surah al-Mulk (Chapter 67) is a protector. It protects against the torment of the grave. It ( Surah al-Mulk) is written in the Torah. Whoever reads it at night has done a great good deed and with it he will not be written of the neglectful ones. I read it in Ruku’ position while, sitting after ‘Isha’ prayer. My father would read it everyday and night. When the person who reads it will be placed in the grave the interrogating angels (Na’kir and Nakir) will enter his grave from the direction of his feet. His feet will say, ‘You cannot enter from our side. This servant (of Allah) would stand on us and read Surah al-Mulk everyday and night. ’ When they try to enter his grave from the middle section his middle section will say, ‘You cannot enter from my side of the grave. This servant (of Allah) had placed Surah al-Mulk inside of me.’ When they try to enter from the side of his face his tongue will say, ‘You cannot enter from my side. This servant (of Allah) would read with me Surah al-Mulk every day and night.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/524)



27ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الله بْنِ فَرْقَدٍ وَالْمُعَلَّى بْنِ خُنَيْسٍ قَالا كُنَّا عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) وَمَعَنَا رَبِيعَةُ الرَّأْيِ فَذَكَرْنَا فَضْلَ الْقُرْآنِ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِنْ كَانَ ابْنُ مَسْعُودٍ لا يَقْرَأُ عَلَى قِرَاءَتِنَا فَهُوَ ضَالٌّ فَقَالَ رَبِيعَةُ ضَالٌّ فَقَالَ نَعَمْ ضَالٌّ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَمَّا نَحْنُ فَنَقْرَأُ عَلَى قِرَاءَةِ أُبَيٍّ.


27. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from ‘Abd Allah ibn Farqad and al-Mu’alla ibn Khunays who have said the following: “Once we were in the presence of abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) and with us Rabi’ah al-Ra’y was also present. We spoke of the excellence of the Holy Quran. Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) said, ‘If ibn Mas’ud does not read the Holy Quran the way we read, he is straying.’ Rabi‘ah then said, ‘(Is it) straying?’ The Imam said, ‘Yes, (it is) straying.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) then said, ‘We read the Holy Quran as my father did.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/524)



28ـ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ الْقُرْآنَ الَّذِي جَاءَ بِهِ جَبْرَئِيلُ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) إِلَى مُحَمَّدٍ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) سَبْعَةَ عَشَرَ أَلْفَ آيَةٍ.


28. Ali ibn al-Hakam has narrated from Hisham ibn Salim from abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘The Holy Quran that Jibril (Gabriel) brought to Muhammad (a.s.) had seventeen thousand verses.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/525)

Comments:

It has been argued that al-Majlisi made an error while grading this chain because in the pathway to Ali ibn al-Hakam; Ahmad bin Muhammad is not Ahmad bin Muhammad bin 'Eesa (Reliable) but rather Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Sayyar (Very Weak, Exaggerator and Corrupt beliefs) which would result in the chain being graded as weak