1. The Necessary Part of Social Manners

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1ـ عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ حَدِيدٍ عَنْ مُرَازِمٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) عَلَيْكُمْ بِالصَّلاةِ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ وَحُسْنِ الْجِوَارِ لِلنَّاسِ وَإِقَامَةِ الشَّهَادَةِ وَحُضُورِ الْجَنَائِزِ إِنَّهُ لا بُدَّ لَكُمْ مِنَ النَّاسِ إِنَّ أَحَداً لا يَسْتَغْنِي عَنِ النَّاسِ حَيَاتَهُ وَالنَّاسُ لا بُدَّ لِبَعْضِهِمْ مِنْ بَعْضٍ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn Hadid from Murazim who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) has said, ‘You must pray in the Mosques, maintain good neighborly relations with people, present your testimony, and attend funeral processions. You need people. There is no one who does not need people in his life. People need each other.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/527)



2ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ وَأَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ وَهْبٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) كَيْفَ يَنْبَغِي لَنَا أَنْ نَصْنَعَ فِيمَا بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ قَوْمِنَا وَفِيمَا بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ خُلَطَائِنَا مِنَ النَّاسِ قَالَ فَقَالَ تُؤَدُّونَ الأمَانَةَ إِلَيْهِمْ وَتُقِيمُونَ الشَّهَادَةَ لَهُمْ وَعَلَيْهِمْ وَتَعُودُونَ مَرْضَاهُمْ وَتَشْهَدُونَ جَنَائِزَهُمْ.


2. Muhammad ibn Isma’il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan and Abu Ali al- Ash’ari from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from Mu’awiyah ibn Wahab who has said the following: “Once I asked abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) ‘What is the proper way to deal with ourselves, our people, our associates and the people in general?’ The Imam said, ‘You must return their trust, present your testimony for and against them, visit them during their illness and attend their funerals.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/527)



3ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ حَبِيبٍ الْخَثْعَمِيِّ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ عَلَيْكُمْ بِالْوَرَعِ وَالإجْتِهَادِ وَاشْهَدُوا الْجَنَائِزَ وَعُودُوا الْمَرْضَى وَاحْضُرُوا مَعَ قَوْمِكُمْ مَسَاجِدَكُمْ وَأَحِبُّوا لِلنَّاسِ مَا تُحِبُّونَ لأنْفُسِكُمْ أَ مَا يَسْتَحْيِي الرَّجُلُ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ يَعْرِفَ جَارُهُ حَقَّهُ وَلا يَعْرِفَ حَقَّ جَارِهِ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al- Husayn ibn Sa’id and Muhammad ibn Khalid all from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from Habib al-Khath’ami who has said the following: “I heard abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) saying, ‘You must maintain restraint from worldly attractions (sins), maintain persistence in work, attend funerals, and visit people during their illness. You should attend the Mosque with your own people, and love for people what you love for yourselves. Would it not be embarrassing for one of you to see that a neighbor recognizes your rights but you do not recognize the rights of your neighbor?”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (2/528)



4ـ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ وَهْبٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ كَيْفَ يَنْبَغِي لَنَا أَنْ نَصْنَعَ فِيمَا بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ قَوْمِنَا وَبَيْنَ خُلَطَائِنَا مِنَ النَّاسِ مِمَّنْ لَيْسُوا عَلَى أَمْرِنَا قَالَ تَنْظُرُونَ إِلَى أَئِمَّتِكُمُ الَّذِينَ تَقْتَدُونَ بِهِمْ فَتَصْنَعُونَ مَا يَصْنَعُونَ فَوَ الله إِنَّهُمْ لَيَعُودُونَ مَرْضَاهُمْ وَيَشْهَدُونَ جَنَائِزَهُمْ وَيُقِيمُونَ الشَّهَادَةَ لَهُمْ وَعَلَيْهِمْ وَيُؤَدُّونَ الأمَانَةَ إِلَيْهِمْ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Mu’awiyah ibn Wahab who has said the following: “Once I asked the Imam (a.s.) ‘What is the proper way to deal with ourselves and our people, our associates of the people who do not believe as we do?’ The Imam said, ‘Look to your ‘A’immah (plural of Imam) whom you follow and do what they do. By Allah, they, (‘A’immah) visit their sick people, attend their funerals, present their testimony for and against them and return their trust.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/528)



5ـ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَبِي أُسَامَةَ زَيْدٍ الشَّحَّامِ قَالَ قَالَ لِي أَبُو عَبْدِ الله (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) اقْرَأْ عَلَى مَنْ تَرَى أَنَّهُ يُطِيعُنِي مِنْهُمْ وَيَأْخُذُ بِقَوْلِيَ السَّلامَ وَأُوصِيكُمْ بِتَقْوَى الله عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَالْوَرَعِ فِي دِينِكُمْ وَالإجْتِهَادِ لله وَصِدْقِ الْحَدِيثِ وَأَدَاءِ الأمَانَةِ وَطُولِ السُّجُودِ وَحُسْنِ الْجِوَارِ فَبِهَذَا جَاءَ مُحَمَّدٌ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) أَدُّوا الأمَانَةَ إِلَى مَنِ ائْتَمَنَكُمْ عَلَيْهَا بَرّاً أَوْ فَاجِراً فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ الله (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وآلِه) كَانَ يَأْمُرُ بِأَدَاءِ الْخَيْطِ وَالْمِخْيَطِ صِلُوا عَشَائِرَكُمْ وَاشْهَدُوا جَنَائِزَهُمْ وَعُودُوا مَرْضَاهُمْ وَأَدُّوا حُقُوقَهُمْ فَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ مِنْكُمْ إِذَا وَرِعَ فِي دِينِهِ وَصَدَقَ الْحَدِيثَ وَأَدَّى الأمَانَةَ وَحَسُنَ خُلُقُهُ مَعَ النَّاسِ قِيلَ هَذَا جَعْفَرِيٌّ فَيَسُرُّنِي ذَلِكَ وَيَدْخُلُ عَلَيَّ مِنْهُ السُّرُورُ وَقِيلَ هَذَا أَدَبُ جَعْفَرٍ وَإِذَا كَانَ عَلَى غَيْرِ ذَلِكَ دَخَلَ عَلَيَّ بَلاؤُهُ وَعَارُهُ وَقِيلَ هَذَا أَدَبُ جَعْفَرٍ فَوَ الله لَحَدَّثَنِي أَبِي (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) أَنَّ الرَّجُلَ كَانَ يَكُونُ فِي الْقَبِيلَةِ مِنْ شِيعَةِ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيهِ السَّلام) فَيَكُونُ زَيْنَهَا آدَاهُمْ لِلأمَانَةِ وَأَقْضَاهُمْ لِلْحُقُوقِ وَأَصْدَقَهُمْ لِلْحَدِيثِ إِلَيْهِ وَصَايَاهُمْ وَوَدَائِعُهُمْ تُسْأَلُ الْعَشِيرَةُ عَنْهُ فَتَقُولُ مَنْ مِثْلُ فُلانٍ إِنَّهُ لآَدَانَا لِلأمَانَةِ وَأَصْدَقُنَا لِلْحَدِيثِ.


5. Abu Ali al-Ash’ari has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya from abu ‘Usamah Zayd al-Shahham who has said the following: “Once abu ‘Abd Allah (a.s.) said to me, ‘Convey greetings of peace from me to all that you will see of those who obey me and uphold my words. Tell them that I enjoin upon you to be pious before Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, to restraint yourselves from the worldly attractions (sins) in the matters of your religion, to work hard, to maintain truthfulness in your words, keep your trust, perform long prostrations, and to maintain good neighborly relations. This is what Muhammad (a.s.) has brought (from Allah). Return the trust to those who have entrusted you, whether they are virtuous people or evildoers. The Messenger of Allah would command to return the needle and swing thread. Maintain good relations with the people of your tribe, attend their funerals, visit their sick people, and fulfill your obligations toward them. If one of you maintains restraint in the worldly attractions (sins) in the matters of his religion, is truthful in his words, keeps his trust, has acquired proper moral discipline to behave toward people, it will be said about him, ‘This is a Ja’fari (follower of Ja’far ibn Muhammad, recipient of divine supreme covenant)’, and this will bring me joy and delight and they will say, ‘This is the discipline of Ja’far.’ If otherwise, its misfortune and disgrace will trouble me and they will say, ‘This is the behavior of Ja’far. ‘By Allah my father spoke to me about a man who lived with a Shi’a (followers) of Ali (a.s.) tribe whose beauty was in his keeping his trust, fulfilling his obligations, and his being the most truthful in his words. With him they would keep their important documents and valuables. If one were to ask people of the tribe about him, they would ask, “Who is like him? He is the most trusted one in safekeeping of valuables and the most truthful in his words.’””


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (12/528)