Al-Kāfi - Volume 6 > Slaughtering by the People of the Book
Hadith #17

بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ الْعَبَّاسِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ قُتَيْبَةَ الْأَعْشَى عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ رَأَيْتُ عِنْدَهُ رَجُلًا يَسْأَلُهُ فَقَالَ إِنَّ لِي أَخاً فَيُسْلِفُ فِي الْغَنَمِ فِي الْجِبَالِ فَيُعْطِي السِّنَّ مَكَانَ السِّنِّ فَقَالَ أَ لَيْسَ بِطِيبَةِ نَفْسٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ قَالَ بَلَى قَالَ فَلَا بَأْسَقَالَ فَإِنَّهُ يَكُونُ لَهُ فِيهَا الْوَكِيلُ فَيَكُونُ يَهُودِيّاً أَوْ نَصْرَانِيّاً فَتَقَعُ فِيهَا الْعَارِضَةُ فَيَبِيعُهَا مَذْبُوحَةً وَ يَأْتِيهِ بِثَمَنِهَا وَ رُبَّمَا مَلَّحَهَا فَيَأْتِيهِ بِهَا مَمْلُوحَةً قَالَ فَقَالَ إِنْ أَتَاهُ بِثَمَنِهَا فَلَا يُخَالِطْهُ بِمَالِهِ وَ لَا يُحَرِّكْهُ وَ إِنْ أَتَاهُ بِهَا مَمْلُوحَةً فَلَا يَأْكُلْهَا فَإِنَّمَا هُوَ الِاسْمُ وَ لَيْسَ يُؤْمَنُ عَلَى الِاسْمِ إِلَّا مُسْلِمٌفَقَالَ لَهُ بَعْضُ مَنْ فِي الْبَيْتِ فَأَيْنَ قَوْلُ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ طَعامُ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتابَ حِلٌّ لَكُمْ وَ طَعامُكُمْ حِلٌّ لَهُمْ فَقَالَ إِنَّ أَبِي ( عليه السلام ) كَانَ يَقُولُ ذَلِكَ الْحُبُوبُ وَ مَا أَشْبَهَهَا .

17. Certain persons of our people have narrated from Mansur ibn al-‘Abbas from ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman from Qutaybah al-A’sha’ who has said the following: “I once saw a man with abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who asked, ‘I have a brother in the mountains who exchanges things for other things. He (the Imam) asked, ‘Is it because of mutual agreement?’ he replied, ‘Yes, that is true.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It then is not unlawful.’ He then said, ‘He may have an agent who is a Jew or Christians who comes across something that sells slaughtered and brings its price, or salt it then brings it salted.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘He must not eat it. It is a matter of name (mentioning the name of Allah) in which no one can be trusted except a Muslim.’ A certain person present said, ‘What about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, “. . . the food of the people of the book is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘My father, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would say that it is grains and similar things.’”