Al-Kāfi - Volume 5 > Woman Lawful in Marriage for the Holy Prophet
Hadith #8

8- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الْعَاصِمِيُّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ عَمِّهِ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ أَرَأَيْتَ قَوْلَ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لا يَحِلُّ لَكَ النِّساءُ مِنْ بَعْدُ فَقَالَ إِنَّمَا لَمْ يَحِلَّ لَهُ النِّسَاءُ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللهُ عَلَيْهِ فِي هَذِهِ الآيَةِ حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمْ أُمَّهاتُكُمْ وَبَناتُكُمْ فِي هَذِهِ الآيَةِ كُلِّهَا وَلَوْ كَانَ الأمْرُ كَمَا يَقُولُونَ لَكَانَ قَدْ أَحَلَّ لَكُمْ مَا لَمْ يُحِلَّ لَهُ هُوَ لأنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ يَسْتَبْدِلُ كُلَّمَا أَرَادَ وَلَكِنْ لَيْسَ الأمْرُ كَمَا يَقُولُونَ أَحَادِيثُ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) خِلافُ أَحَادِيثِ النَّاسِ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَحَلَّ لِنَبِيِّهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) أَنْ يَنْكِحَ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ مَا أَرَادَ إِلا مَا حَرَّمَ عَلَيْهِ فِي سُورَةِ النِّسَاءِ فِي هَذِهِ الآيَةِ.

8. Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-‘Asemiy has narrated from abu al-Hassan ibn Faddal from Ali ibn Asbat from his uncle Ya’qub ibn Salim from abu Basir who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the meaning of the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘Thereafter women are not lawful for you. . . (33:53) He (the Imam) said, ‘Unlawful for him were the women mentioned in the verse, "Unlawful for you to marry are your mothers, daughters. . .” (4:23) Had it been as they say it is, those who are not lawful for him became lawful for you, that one of you could exchange whenever he wanted. It is not as they say. Ahadith of Ale Muhammad, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, are different from the Ahadith of people. Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, made it lawful for His Holy prophet to marry as many as he wanted of women except those unlawful in this verse (4:23).’”