Kitāb al-Ghayba > Excellence of Husain bin Rauh continued
Hadith #9

353- وسأله بعض المتكلمين، وهو المعروف بترك الهروي،فقال له: كم بنات رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم؟ فقال: أربع. قال: فأيهن أفضل؟ فقال: فاطمة. فقال: ولم صارت أفضل وكانت أصغرهن سنا وأقلهن صحبة لرسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم؟ قال: لخصلتين خصها الله بهما تطولا عليها وتشريفا وإكراما لها؛ إحداهما أنها ورثت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم ولم يرث غيرها من ولده، والأخرى أن الله تعالى أبقى نسل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم منها ولم يبقه من غيرها. ولم يخصصها بذلك إلا لفضل إخلاص عرفه من نيتها. قال الهروي: فما رأيت أحدا تكلم وأجاب في هذا الباب بأحسن ولا أوجز من جوابه.

H 353 - A theologian famous as Turk Harawi [Budail bin Ahmad] asked Husain bin Rauh: How many daughters did the Messenger of Allah (s) have? Husain bin Rauh said: Four. The inquirer asked: Which of them is most superior? He replied: Fatima (s). He asked: How is she the most superior, whereas she was the youngest and she lived for the least time with the Holy Prophet (s)? Husain bin Rauh said: Because of two qualities, which Almighty Allah bestowed to her, because of His grace on her and in order to make her status clear to all: One is that Fatima is the sole inheritor of the Messenger of Allah (s) and no son of the Prophet shared this, (as all expired during lifetime of Prophet). Secondly Allah, the Mighty and the High placed the progeny of the Messenger of Allah (s) only in her being and the survival of the generations of the Prophet was through her and not through anyone else. And Almighty Allah gave these two excellence to her exclusively due to her precedence in sincerity and because He knew about her pure intention and conscience. Harawi says: I have not seen anyone giving a better or more brief and more useful reply to this question.