35. Marriage in the form of Al-Shighar

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَوْ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ نَهَى عَنْ نِكَاحِ الْمَرْأَتَيْنِ لَيْسَ لِوَاحِدَةٍ مِنْهُمَا صَدَاقٌ إِلا بُضْعُ صَاحِبَتِهَا وَقَالَ لا يَحِلُّ أَنْ يَنْكِحَ وَاحِدَةً مِنْهُمَا إِلا بِصَدَاقٍ وَنِكَاحِ الْمُسْلِمِينَ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from ibn Bukayr from certain persons of our people who have said the following: “Abu ‘ Abd Allah, or abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, prohibited marriage of two women without assigning any mahr (dower) for anyone of them except that this agrees for marriage because of the other woman’s agreeing to marry because she (the other woman) has done so.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/76)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ السِّنْدِيِّ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ عَنْ غِيَاثِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) لا جَلَبَ وَلا جَنَبَ وَلا شِغَارَ فِي الإسْلامِ وَالشِّغَارُ أَنْ يُزَوِّجَ الرَّجُلُ الرَّجُلَ ابْنَتَهُ أَوْ أُخْتَهُ وَيَتَزَوَّجَ هُوَ ابْنَةَ الْمُتَزَوِّجِ أَوْ أُخْتَهُ وَلا يَكُونَ بَيْنَهُمَا مَهْرٌ غَيْرُ تَزْوِيجِ هَذَا مِنْ هَذَا وَهَذَا مِنْ هَذَا.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from Salih ibn al-Sindiy from Ja’far ibn Bashir from Ghiyath ibn Ibrahim who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘In Islam al-Jalb, al-Janb and Shighar are not permissible. Shighar is one man’s giving in marriage his daughter or sister to another man to marry this man’s daughter or sister without any amount of mahr (dower) being assigned to anyone of them except that this person marries that person and the other person marries the other person.’” Al-Jalb means that a tax collector commands the tax payers to deliver what they owe to him even if he is far away. Al-Janb means in horse racing keeping of a spare horse on the side so that when one horse is exhausted the second horse can continue the race.


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 2 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (0/77)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ جُمْهُورٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ رَفَعَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَنْ نِكَاحِ الشِّغَارِ وَهِيَ الْمُمَانَحَةُ وَهُوَ أَنْ يَقُولَ الرَّجُلُ لِلرَّجُلِ زَوِّجْنِي ابْنَتَكَ حَتَّى أُزَوِّجَكَ ابْنَتِي عَلَى أَنْ لا مَهْرَ بَيْنَهُمَا.


3. Ali ibn Muhammad has narrated from ibn Jumhur from his father in a marfu’ manner who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, prohibited marriage in the manner of Shighar which is giving away and it is done by one man’s saying to the other man, ‘Give your daughter in marriage to me so that I give my daughter in marriage to you and that there will be no mahr (dower) for anyone of them.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (20/78)