121. Journey in the Sea for Business

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ وَأَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّهُمَا كَرِهَا رُكُوبَ الْبَحْرِ لِلتِّجَارَةِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid from ibn abu Najran from al-‘Ala’ from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, and abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhim al-Salam, have said, ‘We dislike sailing on the sea for business.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/324)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ رَفَعَهُ قَالَ قَالَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) مَا أَجْمَلَ فِي الطَّلَبِ مَنْ رَكِبَ الْبَحْرَ لِلتِّجَارَةِ.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated in a marfu’ manner the following: “Amir al-Mu’minin, Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘has said, ‘How beautiful is the quest for trade to sail on the sea!”’ [Note: H 9118 and H 9119 appear to occur during two different eras, perhaps of safe and unsafe sailing times]


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/320)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ قَالَ كُنْتُ حَمَلْتُ مَعِي مَتَاعاً إِلَى مَكَّةَ فَبَارَ عَلَيَّ فَدَخَلْتُ بِهِ الْمَدِينَةَ عَلَى أَبِي الْحَسَنِ الرِّضَا (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) وَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِنِّي حَمَلْتُ مَتَاعاً قَدْ بَارَ عَلَيَّ وَقَدْ عَزَمْتُ عَلَى أَنْ أَصِيرَ إِلَى مِصْرَ فَأَرْكَبُ بَرّاً أَوْ بَحْراً فَقَالَ مِصْرُ الْحُتُوفِ يُقَيَّضُ لَهَا أَقْصَرُ النَّاسِ أَعْمَاراً وَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) مَا أَجْمَلَ فِي الطَّلَبِ مَنْ رَكِبَ الْبَحْرَ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِي لا عَلَيْكَ أَنْ تَأْتِيَ قَبْرَ رَسُولِ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فَتُصَلِّيَ عِنْدَهُ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَتَسْتَخِيرَ اللهَ مِائَةَ مَرَّةٍ فَمَا عَزَمَ لَكَ عَمِلْتَ بِهِ فَإِنْ رَكِبْتَ الظَّهْرَ فَقُلِ الْحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ لَنَا هَذَا وَمَا كُنَّا لَهُ مُقْرِنِينَ وَإِنَّا إِلَى رَبِّنَا لَمُنْقَلِبُونَ وَإِنْ رَكِبْتَ الْبَحْرَ فَإِذَا صِرْتَ فِي السَّفِينَةِ فَقُلْ بِسْمِ اللهِ مَجْرَيهَا وَمُرْسَيهَا إِنَّ رَبِّي لَغَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ فَإِذَا هَاجَتْ عَلَيْكَ الأمْوَاجُ فَاتَّكِ عَلَى يَسَارِكَ وَ أَوْمِ إِلَى الْمَوْجَةِ بِيَمِينِكَ وَقُلْ قِرِّي بِقَرَارِ اللهِ وَاسْكُنِي بِسَكِينَةِ اللهِ وَلا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلا بِاللهِ [الْعَلِيِّ الْعَظِيمِ] قَالَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَسْبَاطٍ فَرَكِبْتُ الْبَحْرَ فَكَانَتِ الْمَوْجَةُ تَرْتَفِعُ فَأَقُولُ مَا قَالَ فَتَتَقَشَّعُ كَأَنَّهَا لَمْ تَكُنْ قَالَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَسْبَاطٍ وَسَأَلْتُهُ فَقُلْتُ جُعِلْتُ فِدَاكَ مَا السَّكِينَةُ قَالَ رِيحٌ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ لَهَا وَجْهٌ كَوَجْهِ الإنْسَانِ أَطْيَبُ رَائِحَةً مِنَ الْمِسْكِ وَهِيَ الَّتِي أَنْزَلَهَا اللهُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) بِحُنَيْنٍ فَهَزَمَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ali ibn Asbat who has said the following: “I had carried goods with me to Makkah. I faced severe competition there so I went to visit abu al- Hassan, al-Rida’, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and told him (the Imam) that I had carried goods to Makkah but I faced competition and I decided to travel to Egypt. Should I travel by land or by sea? He (the Imam) said, ’Egypt is destructive. It wrecks the youngest in age. The Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, “How beautiful is sailing on the sea in quest for trade.’” He (the Imam) said, ‘It will not be against you if you go to the shrine of the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, perform near him two Rak’at Salat (prayer) and ask Allah for what is good, one hundred times; then whatever decision comes to your mind follow that decision. When you ride say, “All praise belongs to Allah who has made it possible for us when we were not able to reach it. To our Lord, we return.” After you sail on the sea in the ship say, “In the name of Allah who has made it to flow and sail. My Lord is forgiving and merciful.” If waves agitate on you, lean to your left and make a gesture to your right to the waves and say, “Calm down through the calmness of Allah and be tranquil through tranquility of Allah. There is no means and power except the power and means of Allah, the most High, most Great.’” “Ali ibn Asbat has said, ‘I sailed on the sea and waves rose. I would say what I was told to say. It would break into pieces as if there was nothing.’ Ali ibn Asbat has said, ‘I asked him (the Imam) saying I pray to Allah to keep my soul in service for your cause, what is al-Sakinah ?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is a wind from paradise with a face like the face of the human being, more sweet smelling than musk, and it is the one Allah sent to the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, in Hunayn (name of a place) which defeated the pagans.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن أو موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/325)



5- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي رُكُوبِ الْبَحْرِ لِلتِّجَارَةِ يُغَرِّرُ الرَّجُلُ بِدِينِهِ.


4. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn abu ‘Abd Allah from his father from Hammad from Hariz from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘In sailing on the sea for trade one is deceived in his religion.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/326)



5- عَنْهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ مُعَلًّى أَبِي عُثْمَانَ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ خُنَيْسٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُسَافِرُ فَيَرْكَبُ الْبَحْرَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ أَبِي كَانَ يَقُولُ إِنَّهُ يُضِرُّ بِدِينِكَ هُوَ ذَا النَّاسُ يُصِيبُونَ أَرْزَاقَهُمْ وَمَعِيشَتَهُمْ.


5. It is narrated from him from his father from Safwan from Mu’alla’ abu ‘ Uthman from Mu’alla’ ibn al-Khunayth who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who traveled and sailed on the sea. He (the Imam) said, ‘My father would say that it causes harms to one’s religion. There are people who find their livelihood and sustenance.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مختلف فيه 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/326)



6- عَنْهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي هَاشِمٍ عَنْ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلاءِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّ رَجُلا أَتَى أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فَقَالَ إِنَّا نَتَّجِرُ إِلَى هَذِهِ الْجِبَالِ فَنَأْتِي مِنْهَا عَلَى أَمْكِنَةٍ لا نَقْدِرُ أَنْ نُصَلِّيَ إِلا عَلَى الثَّلْجِ فَقَالَ أَلا تَكُونُ مِثْلَ فُلانٍ يَرْضَى بِالدُّونِ وَلا يَطْلُبُ تِجَارَةً لا يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ إِلا عَلَى الثَّلْجِ.


6. It is narrated from him from Muhammad ibn Ali from ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn abu Hashim from Husayn ibn abu al-‘Ala’ who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that once a man came to abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and said, ‘We work for business in these mountains and come upon areas where we cannot perform Salat (prayer) except on snow. He (the Imam) said, ‘Why can you not be like so and so who is happy with less and does not demand such things because of which he cannot performing Salat (prayer) except on snow.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/326)