110. Disputes Arising From al-Rahn (Security Deposit, Mortgage)

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1- حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا اخْتَلَفَا فِي الرَّهْنِ فَقَالَ أَحَدُهُمَا رَهَنْتَهُ بِأَلْفِ دِرْهَمٍ وَقَالَ الآخَرُ بِمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ فَقَالَ يُسْأَلُ صَاحِبُ الألْفِ الْبَيِّنَةَ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ بَيِّنَةٌ حَلَفَ صَاحِبُ الْمِائَةِ وَإِنْ كَانَ الرَّهْنُ أَقَلَّ مِمَّا رُهِنَ أَوْ أَكْثَرَ وَاخْتَلَفَا فَقَالَ أَحَدُهُمَا هُوَ رَهْنٌ وَقَالَ الآخَرُ هُوَ عِنْدَكَ وَدِيعَةٌ فَقَالَ يُسْأَلُ صَاحِبُ الْوَدِيعَةِ الْبَيِّنَةَ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ بَيِّنَةٌ حَلَفَ صَاحِبُ الرَّهْنِ.


1. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from al-Hassan ibn Muhammad from more than one person from Aban from ibn abu Ya’fur who has said the foiiowing: “About the case of a dispute between the parties if one says that the amount of al-Rahn (security deposit) is one thousand dirham and the other says that it is one hundred dirham, abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The one who claims it to be one thousand dirham is asked to present proof and testimony. If he fails to do so, then the other party is asked to take an oath.’ If the amount of al- Rahn (security deposit) is more or less but one party claims it to be al-Rahn (security deposit) and the party claims it to be Wadi‘ah (safe deposit), abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The party who claims it to be Wadi ‘ah (safe deposit) is asked to present proof and testimony and upon his failure the other party is then asked to take an oath (to settle the dispute).’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: كالموثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/285)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ بْنِ رَزِينٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ يَرْهَنُ عِنْدَ صَاحِبِهِ رَهْناً لا بَيِّنَةَ بَيْنَهُمَا فِيهِ فَادَّعَى الَّذِي عِنْدَهُ الرَّهْنُ أَنَّهُ بِأَلْفٍ فَقَالَ صَاحِبُ الرَّهْنِ إِنَّمَا هُوَ بِمِائَةٍ قَالَ الْبَيِّنَةُ عَلَى الَّذِي عِنْدَهُ الرَّهْنُ أَنَّهُ بِأَلْفٍ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ بَيِّنَةٌ فَعَلَى الرَّاهِنِ الْيَمِينُ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn af-Husayn from Afi ibn ai-Hakam from ai-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Musfim who has said the following: “It is the case of the parties of al-Rahn (security deposit) who dispute and there is no proof and testimony available for the parties involved. Al-Rahn (security deposit) holder claims it to be one thousand and the owner of al-Rahn (security deposit) claims it to be one hundred. Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Al-Rahn (security deposit) holder who claims it to be one thousand is required to present proof and testimony and if he fails then the other party takes an oath.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/286)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ قَالَ لِرَجُلٍ لِي عَلَيْكَ أَلْفُ دِرْهَمٍ فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ لا وَلَكِنَّهَا وَدِيعَةٌ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) الْقَوْلُ قَوْلُ صَاحِبِ الْمَالِ مَعَ يَمِينِهِ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu ‘Umayr from al-Husayn ibn ‘Uthman from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “It is a case where one says that he is owed one thousand dirham and the other party says that it is Wadi‘ah (safe deposit). Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The words of the owner of the asset are accepted in addition to his taking oath.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/287)



4- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ عَبَّادِ بْنِ صُهَيْبٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ مَتَاعٍ فِي يَدِ رَجُلَيْنِ أَحَدُهُمَا يَقُولُ اسْتَوْدَعْتُكَهُ وَالآخَرُ يَقُولُ هُوَ رَهْنٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ الْقَوْلُ قَوْلُ الَّذِي يَقُولُ أَنَّهُ رَهْنٌ عِنْدِي إِلا أَنْ يَأْتِيَ الَّذِي ادَّعَى أَنَّهُ أَوْدَعَهُ بِشُهُودٍ.


4. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from ‘Abbad ibn Suhayb who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of two men who disputed about an asset. One said that it was a Wadi ‘ah (safe deposit) and the other said that it was al-Rahn (security deposit). Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘The words of one who says that it is al-Rahn (security deposit) are accepted unless the other party presents witnesses who testify that it is Wadi ‘ah (safe deposit).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/287)