109. Security Deposit ( Al-Rahn ) Mortgage

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1- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الرَّهْنِ وَالْكَفِيلِ فِي بَيْعِ النَّسِيئَةِ فَقَالَ لا بَأْسَ بِهِ.


1. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Muhammad ibn Muslim from abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja’far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about security deposit, mortgage and guarantor in transaction on credit. He (the Imam) said, ’It is not unlawful.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/277)



2- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ رَجُلٍ يَبِيعُ بِالنَّسِيئَةِ وَيَرْتَهِنُ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ.


2. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan from Ya’qub ibn Shu’ayb who has said the following: “I once asked him (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who bought something on credit with al-Rahn (security deposit). He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not unlawful.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/277)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مَرَّارٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يُسْلِمُ فِي الْحَيَوَانِ أَوِ الطَّعَامِ وَيَرْتَهِنُ الرَّهْنَ قَالَ لا بَأْسَ تَسْتَوْثِقُ مِنْ مَالِكَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Isma’il ibn Marrar from Yunus from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Am mar who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who contracted for purchasing an animal or foodstuff in the form of advance payment with al-Rahn (security deposit). He (the Imam) said, ‘It is not unlawful to secure your asset.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/277)



4- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَكُونُ عِنْدَهُ الرَّهْنُ فَلا يَدْرِي لِمَنْ هُوَ مِنَ النَّاسِ فَقَالَ لا أُحِبُّ أَنْ يَبِيعَهُ حَتَّى يَجِي‏ءَ صَاحِبُهُ قُلْتُ لا يَدْرِي لِمَنْ هُوَ مِنَ النَّاسِ فَقَالَ فِيهِ فَضْلٌ أَوْ نُقْصَانٌ قُلْتُ فَإِنْ كَانَ فِيهِ فَضْلٌ أَوْ نُقْصَانٌ قَالَ إِنْ كَانَ فِيهِ نُقْصَانٌ فَهُوَ أَهْوَنُ يَبِيعُهُ فَيُؤْجَرُ فِيمَا نَقَصَ مِنْ مَالِهِ وَإِنْ كَانَ فِيهِ فَضْلٌ فَهُوَ أَشَدُّهُمَا عَلَيْهِ يَبِيعُهُ وَيُمْسِكُ فَضْلَهُ حَتَّى يَجِي‏ءَ صَاحِبُهُ.


4. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who had al-Rahn (security deposit) with him and did not know to whom it belonged. He (the Imam) said, ‘I do not like his selling it until the owner comes.’ I said, ‘He does not know who the owner is.’ He (the Imam) then asked, ‘Is there any increase or decrease in it?’ I then asked, ‘What happens if there is increase or decrease in it?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If there is decrease, it is easier. He can sell it and complete the reduction from his own property. If there is increase in it, it is more difficult because he sells it and must keep the increase until its owner comes.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/277)



5- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ زُرَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ رَهَنَ رَهْناً إِلَى غَيْرِ وَقْتٍ مُسَمًّى ثُمَّ غَابَ هَلْ لَهُ وَقْتٌ يُبَاعُ فِيهِ رَهْنُهُ قَالَ لا حَتَّى يَجِي‏ءَ [صَاحِبُهُ].


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from his father from ibn Bukayr from ‘Ubayd ibn Zurarah who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who held al-Rahn (security-deposit) for an unspecified time and his party disappeared; if he had a time limit within which he could sell al-Rahn (security deposit). He (the Imam) said, ‘No, until his party comes.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/278)



6- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ بُكَيْرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّهْنِ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ مَالِ الْمُرْتَهِنِ فَهَلَكَ أَنْ يُؤَدِّيَ الْفَضْلَ إِلَى صَاحِبِ الرَّهْنِ وَإِنْ كَانَ أَقَلَّ مِنْ مَالِهِ فَهَلَكَ الرَّهْنُ أَدَّى إِلَيْهِ صَاحِبُهُ فَضْلَ مَالِهِ وَإِنْ كَانَ الرَّهْنُ سَوَاءً فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan from ibn Bukayr who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Rahn (security deposit). He (the Imam) said, ‘If it is more than what mortgagee has provided and it is destroyed, the difference must be paid to the mortgager; but if it is less and is destroyed, the one who has the extra must pay the difference to the mortgagor, and if both sides are equal then there is nothing to dispute about.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/279)



7- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَأَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ قَوْلِ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي الرَّهْنِ يَتَرَادَّانِ الْفَضْلَ فَقَالَ كَانَ عَلِيٌّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَقُولُ ذَلِكَ قُلْتُ كَيْفَ يَتَرَادَّانِ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ الرَّهْنُ أَفْضَلَ مِمَّا رُهِنَ بِهِ ثُمَّ عَطِبَ رَدَّ الْمُرْتَهِنُ الْفَضْلَ عَلَى صَاحِبِهِ وَإِنْ كَانَ لا يَسْوَى رَدَّ الرَّاهِنُ مَا نَقَصَ مِنْ حَقِّ الْمُرْتَهِنِ قَالَ وَكَذَلِكَ كَانَ قَوْلُ عَلِيٍّ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي الْحَيَوَانِ وَغَيْرِ ذَلِكَ.


7. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from abu Hamzah who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about al-Rahn (security deposit and mortgage) ‘both sides return the extra’. He (the Imam) said, ‘Ali, Alayhi al- Salam, indeed would say it.’ I then asked, ‘How both sides return?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘If what is mortgaged is more than the amount the mortgage has provided and it is destroyed, the mortgagee returns the difference to mortgager; if it is not equal the mortgager returns the difference to the mortgagee.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘This is how Ali, Alayhi al-Salam, would say about animals and other goods.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/279)



8- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الْوَشَّاءِ عَنْ أَبَانٍ عَمَّنْ أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي الرَّهْنِ إِذَا ضَاعَ مِنْ عِنْدِ الْمُرْتَهِنِ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَسْتَهْلِكَهُ رَجَعَ فِي حَقِّهِ عَلَى الرَّاهِنِ فَأَخَذَهُ فَإِنِ اسْتَهْلَكَهُ تَرَادَّ الْفَضْلُ بَيْنَهُمَا.


8. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-ffassan ibn Ali al-Washsha’ from Aban from those who narrated to him who has said the following: “About al-Rahn (security deposit and mortgage), abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If loss takes place on the side of mortgagee without willingly consuming it, he asks the mortgager to provide compensation for his loss; but if he consumes it then both sides exchange the difference to each other.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/279)



9- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَرْهَنُ الرَّهْنَ بِمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ وَهُوَ يُسَاوِي ثَلاثَمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ فَيَهْلِكُ أَعَلَى الرَّجُلِ أَنْ يَرُدَّ عَلَى صَاحِبِهِ مِائَتَيْ دِرْهَمٍ قَالَ نَعَمْ لأنَّهُ أَخَذَ رَهْناً فِيهِ فَضْلٌ وَضَيَّعَهُ قُلْتُ فَهَلَكَ نِصْفُ الرَّهْنِ قَالَ عَلَى حِسَابِ ذَلِكَ قُلْتُ فَيَتَرَادَّانِ الْفَضْلَ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


9. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from and Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who made an al-Rahn (security deposit and mortgage) deal which is for one hundred dirham with a value of three hundred dirham and it was consumed; if he had to pay two hundred dirham to the other party. He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, because he has taken al-Rahn (security deposit) in which there is increase and loss.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if half is consumed?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is proportionate.’ I then asked, ‘Do they return to each other the extra?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, that it true.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/279)



10- وَبِهَذَا الإسْنَادِ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) الرَّجُلُ يَرْهَنُ الْغُلامَ وَالدَّارَ فَتُصِيبُهُ الآفَةُ عَلَى مَنْ يَكُونُ قَالَ عَلَى مَوْلاهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ أَرَأَيْتَ لَوْ قَتَلَ قَتِيلا عَلَى مَنْ يَكُونُ قُلْتُ هُوَ فِي عُنُقِ الْعَبْدِ قَالَ أَلا تَرَى فَلِمَ يَذْهَبُ مَالُ هَذَا ثُمَّ قَالَ أَرَأَيْتَ لَوْ كَانَ ثَمَنُهُ مِائَةَ دِينَارٍ فَزَادَ وَبَلَغَ مِائَتَيْ دِينَارٍ لِمَنْ كَانَ يَكُونُ قُلْتُ لِمَوْلاهُ قَالَ كَذَلِكَ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِ مَا يَكُونُ لَهُ.


10. Through the same chain of narrators as that of the previous Hadith the following is narrated: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who mortgaged a slave and the house and they suffered loss; if it was compensated by a particular party. He (the Imam) said, ‘His master is responsible.’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘Suppose if someone is murdered who is responsible?’ I replied, ‘It is on the neck of the slave.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Do you not consider that his property is not gone?’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘Consider, if his price was one hundred dinar and it increased up to two hundred dinars. To whom does it (the increase) belong?’ I replied, ‘It belongs to his master.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘In the same way it is on him just as it is for him.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/280)



11- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ فِي الرَّجُلِ يَرْهَنُ عِنْدَ الرَّجُلِ رَهْناً فَيُصِيبُهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ أَوْ ضَاعَ قَالَ يَرْجِعُ بِمَالِهِ عَلَيْهِ.


11. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “About the case of a man who takes mortgage from another man, then it suffers loss or is lost. He (the Imam), Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘He can demand what is for him from the other party.”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/280)



12- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَرْهَنُ الْعَبْدَ أَوِ الثَّوْبَ أَوِ الْحُلِيَّ أَوْ مَتَاعاً مِنْ مَتَاعِ الْبَيْتِ فَيَقُولُ صَاحِبُ الْمَتَاعِ لِلْمُرْتَهِنِ أَنْتَ فِي حِلٍّ مِنْ لُبْسِ هَذَا الثَّوْبِ فَالْبَسِ الثَّوْبَ وَانْتَفِعْ بِالْمَتَاعِ وَاسْتَخْدِمِ الْخَادِمَ قَالَ هُوَ لَهُ حَلالٌ إِذَا أَحَلَّهُ وَمَا أُحِبُّ أَنْ يَفْعَلَ قُلْتُ فَارْتَهَنَ دَاراً لَهَا غَلَّةٌ لِمَنِ الْغَلَّةُ قَالَ لِصَاحِبِ الدَّارِ قُلْتُ فَارْتَهَنَ أَرْضاً بَيْضَاءَ فَقَالَ صَاحِبُ الأرْضِ ازْرَعْهَا لِنَفْسِكَ فَقَالَ لَيْسَ هَذَا مِثْلَ هَذَا يَزْرَعُهَا لِنَفْسِهِ فَهُوَ لَهُ حَلالٌ كَمَا أَحَلَّهُ لَهُ إِلا أَنَّهُ يَزْرَعُ بِمَالِهِ وَيَعْمُرُهَا.


12. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ibrahim, Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who left a slave, or clothes, or jewelries, or goods of the household as al-Rahn (security deposit) with someone, then said to mortgagee, ‘You have permission to wear the clothes so wear them and benefit from the goods and use the services of the servant.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It is lawful for him when he has made it lawful for him but I do not like if he did.’ I asked, ‘If one leaves a house as al-Rahn (security deposit) which has a certain amount of income. To whom such income belongs?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘It belongs to the owner of the house.’ I then said, ‘One has left his uncultivated land as al-Rahn (security deposit) saying to the party, “Farm it for yourself.’” He (the Imam) said, ‘This is not like that. He farms it for himself and it is lawful for him as he has made it lawful for him but he farms it with his own asset and establishes it.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/281)



13- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قَضَى أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي كُلِّ رَهْنٍ لَهُ غَلَّةٌ أَنَّ غَلَّتَهُ تُحْسَبُ لِصَاحِبِ الرَّهْنِ مِمَّا عَلَيْهِ.


13. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘ Abd Allah ibn af-Mughirah from ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin had issued a judgment that said, ‘Whoever leaves an income-producing al-Rahn (security deposit), such income is counted in favor of the owner of al-Rahn (security deposit) against what he owes.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/281)



14- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ فِي الأرْضِ الْبُورِ يَرْتَهِنُهَا الرَّجُلُ لَيْسَ فِيهَا ثَمَرَةٌ فَزَرَعَهَا وَأَنْفَقَ عَلَيْهَا مَالَهُ إِنَّهُ يَحْتَسِبُ لَهُ نَفَقَتَهُ وَعَمَلَهُ خَالِصاً ثُمَّ يَنْظُرُ نَصِيبَ الأرْضِ فَيَحْسُبُهُ مِنْ مَالِهِ الَّذِي ارْتَهَنَ بِهِ الأرْضَ حَتَّى يَسْتَوْفِيَ مَالَهُ فَإِذَا اسْتَوْفَى مَالَهُ فَلْيَدْفَعِ الأرْضَ إِلَى صَاحِبِهَا.


14. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu Najran from ‘Asim ibn Humayd from Muhammad ibn al-Qays who has said the following: Abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ’Amir al-Mu’minin has said, ‘If one holds a piece of barren land as al-Rahn (security deposit) which has no fruits and he farms it and incurs expenses on it, he keeps accounts of whatever he has spent and his work; then counts the share of the land to compensate for his assets with which he holds the land as al-Rahn (security deposit) until he compensates his assets, then returns the land to its owner.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/281)



15- عَلِيٌّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ رَهَنَ جَارِيَتَهُ عِنْدَ قَوْمٍ أَيَحِلُّ لَهُ أَنْ يَطَأَهَا قَالَ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ ارْتَهَنُوهَا يَحُولُونَ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ ذَلِكَ قُلْتُ أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ قَدَرَ عَلَيْهَا خَالِياً قَالَ نَعَمْ لا أَرَى هَذَا عَلَيْهِ حَرَاماً.


15. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘ Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who left his slave-girl as al-Rahn (security deposit) with a people if it was lawful for him to do sexual intercourse with her. He (the Imam) said, ‘Those who hold her as al-Rahn (security deposit) will bar him.’ I then asked, ‘What happens if he gets a chance? He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, I do not see it to be unlawful for him.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/282)



16- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ وَأَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ أَبِي وَلادٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَأْخُذُ الدَّابَّةَ وَالْبَعِيرَ رَهْناً بِمَالِهِ أَلَهُ أَنْ يَرْكَبَهُ قَالَ فَقَالَ إِنْ كَانَ يَعْلِفُهُ فَلَهُ أَنْ يَرْكَبَهُ وَإِنْ كَانَ الَّذِي رَهَنَهُ عِنْدَهُ يَعْلِفُهُ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ أَنْ يَرْكَبَهُ.


16. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad and Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from abu Wallad who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who held a stumper and camels as al-Rahn (security deposit) against his assets; if he could ride them. He (the Imam) said, ‘If he feeds them he can ride; but if the one who has left them as al-Rahn (security deposit) feeds them, then he cannot ride.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/282)



17- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ الْعَبَّاسِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ خَلَفِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ أَبِي قُرَّةَ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ اسْتَقْرَضَ مِنْ رَجُلٍ مِائَةَ دِينَارٍ وَرَهَنَهُ حُلِيّاً بِمِائَةِ دِينَارٍ ثُمَّ إِنَّهُ أَتَاهُ الرَّجُلُ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَعِرْنِي الذَّهَبَ الَّذِي رَهَنْتُكَ عَارِيَّةً فَأَعَارَهُ فَهَلَكَ الرَّهْنُ عِنْدَهُ أَعَلَيْهِ شَيْ‏ءٌ لِصَاحِبِ الْقَرْضِ فِي ذَلِكَ قَالَ هُوَ عَلَى صَاحِبِ الرَّهْنِ الَّذِي رَهَنَهُ وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَهْلَكَهُ وَلَيْسَ لِمَالِ هَذَا تَوًى.


17. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from certain persons of our people from Mansur ibn al-‘ Abbas from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn Yaqtin from ‘Amr ibn Ibrahim from Khalaf ibn Hammad from ‘Isma’il ibn abu Qurrah from abu Basir who has said the following: “About the case of a man, who borrows one hundred dinars and leaves as al-Rahn (security deposit) jewelries worth one hundred dinars, then comes to al-Rahn (security deposit) holder and asks him to lend him the gold which he has with him. Al-Rahn (security deposit) holder lends it to him and it is destroyed; if he owes anything to the man who has left al-Rahn (security deposit) with him. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is on the one who left al-Rahn (security deposit) because he is the one who destroyed it and al-Rahn (security deposit) holder does not owe anything, not even a grain.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/283)



18- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ الرَّزَّازُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ عَنْ سَيْفِ بْنِ عَمِيرَةَ عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِذَا رُهِنْتَ عَبْداً أَوْ دَابَّةً فَمَاتَ فَلا شَيْ‏ءَ عَلَيْكَ وَإِنْ هَلَكَتِ الدَّابَّةُ أَوْ أَبَقَ الْغُلامُ فَأَنْتَ ضَامِنٌ.


18. Muhammad ibn Ja’far al-Razzaz has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Hamid from Sayf ibn ‘Amirah from Mansur ibn Hazim from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If you hold a slave or stumper as al-Rahn (security deposit) and they die; there is nothing upon you, but if the stumper is destroyed or the slave runs away you are responsible for it.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول كالصحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/283)



19- أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الأشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ رِيَاحٍ الْقَلاءِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ هَلَكَ أَخُوهُ وَتَرَكَ صُنْدُوقاً فِيهِ رُهُونٌ بَعْضُهَا عَلَيْهِ اسْمُ صَاحِبِهِ وَبِكَمْ هُوَ رُهِنَ وَبَعْضُهَا لا يُدْرَى لِمَنْ هُوَ وَلا بِكَمْ هُوَ رُهِنَ فَمَا تَرَى فِي هَذَا الَّذِي لا يُعْرَفُ صَاحِبُهُ فَقَالَ هُوَ كَمَالِهِ.


19. Abu Ali al-Ash’ariy has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from Muhammad ibn Riyah al-Qala’ who has said the following: I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man whose brother had died and left a box in which there were al-Rahn (security deposit) goods, of which certain ones had the name of the owner on them and others did not have any names on them and for how much they were left as al- Rahn (security deposit), and what do you say about that with an unknown owner. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is like his own property.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/284)



20- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنِ الْعَلاءِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ رَهَنَ جَارِيَتَهُ قَوْماً أَيَحِلُّ لَهُ أَنْ يَطَأَهَا قَالَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ ارْتَهَنُوهَا يَحُولُونَ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهَا قُلْتُ أَرَأَيْتَ إِنْ قَدَرَ عَلَيْهَا خَالِياً قَالَ نَعَمْ لا أَرَى بِهِ بَأْساً.


20. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Safwan from al-‘Ala’ from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who had left his slave-girl as al- Rahn (security deposit) with a people; if he could have sexual intercourse with her. He (the Imam) said, ‘Those who hold her as al-Rahn (security deposit) bar him from reaching her.’ I asked, ‘What happens if he gets a chance? He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, I do not see it as unlawful.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/284)



21- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ رَجُلٌ لِي عَلَيْهِ دَرَاهِمُ وَكَانَتْ دَارُهُ رَهْناً فَأَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَبِيعَهَا قَالَ أُعِيذُكَ بِاللهِ أَنْ تُخْرِجَهُ مِنْ ظِلِّ رَأْسِهِ.


21. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from ibn Faddal from Ibrahim ibn ‘Uthman who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, ‘There is a man who owes to me a certain amount of dirhams and his house is as al-Rahn (security deposit) with me and I want to sell it. He (the Imam) said, ‘Do you, by Allah, have the intention to take the roof away from the top of his head?”’


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/285)



22- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ مَنْصُورِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سُئِلَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ يَكُونُ لَهُ الدَّيْنُ عَلَى الرَّجُلِ وَمَعَهُ الرَّهْنُ أَيَشْتَرِي الرَّهْنَ مِنْهُ قَالَ نَعَمْ.


22. Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Mansur ibn Hazim from Hisham ibn Salim who has said the following: “Once, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, was asked about the case of a man to whom another man owed a certain amount of debts. He held al-Rahn (security deposit) if he could buy al-Rahn (security deposit). He (the Imam) said, ‘Yes, he can do so.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/285)