111. Liability for Safe Deposit and Borrowing

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6- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ صَاحِبُ الْوَدِيعَةِ وَالْبِضَاعَةِ مُؤْتَمَنَانِ وَقَالَ إِذَا هَلَكَتِ الْعَارِيَّةُ عِنْدَ الْمُسْتَعِيرِ لَمْ يَضْمَنْهُ إِلا أَنْ يَكُونَ قَدِ اشْتُرِطَ عَلَيْهِ وَقَالَ فِي حَدِيثٍ آخَرَ إِذَا كَانَ مُسْلِماً عَدْلا فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ ضَمَانٌ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has said the following: “About the case of a man who claims that Wadi‘ah (safe deposit) were entrusted assets, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘If a borrowed item is destroyed with the borrower he is not held liable unless it is stipulated.”’ In another Hadith it is said that if the borrower is a just Muslim he is not held liable.


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن وآخره مرسل 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/287)



2- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) لا يَضْمَنُ الْعَارِيَّةَ إِلا أَنْ يَكُونَ قَدِ اشْتَرَطَ فِيهَا ضَمَاناً إِلا الدَّنَانِيرَ فَإِنَّهَا مَضْمُونَةٌ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَشْتَرِطْ فِيهَا ضَمَاناً.


2. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘ Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah from ‘ Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘A borrower is not held liable for the item borrowed unless it is stipulated, except dinar which brings liability even if there is no stipulation.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/288)



3- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ جَمِيلٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) الْعَارِيَّةُ مَضْمُونَةٌ فَقَالَ جَمِيعُ مَا اسْتَعَرْتَهُ فَتَوِيَ فَلا يَلْزَمُكَ [مَا] تَوَاهُ إِلا الذَّهَبُ وَالْفِضَّةُ فَإِنَّهُمَا يَلْزَمَانِ إِلا أَنْ يُشْتَرَطَ عَلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ مَتَى مَا تَوِيَ لَمْ يَلْزَمْكَ تَوَاهُ وَكَذَلِكَ جَمِيعُ مَا اسْتَعَرْتَ فَاشْتُرِطَ عَلَيْكَ لَزِمَكَ وَالذَّهَبُ وَالْفِضَّةُ لازِمٌ لَكَ وَإِنْ لَمْ يُشْتَرَطْ عَلَيْكَ.


3. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Jamil from Zurarah who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the borrowed item; if the borrower was held liable for it. He (the Imam) said, ‘If whatever you borrow is destroyed, you are not held liable except gold and silver; which bring liability unless it is stipulated that even on being destroyed you are not held liable. You are held liable for all that you borrow and it is stipulated that you are liable. Gold and silver bring liability, even if no stipulation is set.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/289)



4- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانٍ [عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ] عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْعَارِيَّةِ يَسْتَعِيرُهَا الإنْسَانُ فَتَهْلِكُ أَوْ تُسْرَقُ فَقَالَ إِذَا كَانَ أَمِيناً فَلا غُرْمَ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الَّذِي يَسْتَبْضِعُ الْمَالَ فَيَهْلِكُ أَوْ يُسْرَقُ أَعَلَى صَاحِبِهِ ضَمَانٌ فَقَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ غُرْمٌ بَعْدَ أَنْ يَكُونَ الرَّجُلُ أَمِيناً.


4. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban (from Muhammad) who has said the following: “I once asked abu Ja‘far, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about a borrowed item; if it was destroyed or was stolen. He (the Imam) said, ‘If the borrower is trustworthy he is not held liable.’ I then asked him (the Imam) about the case of a man who gave certain amount of assets to another person to use in business in which the worker had no share in the profit and the asset was destroyed or stolen; if this person was held responsible. He (the Imam) said, ‘The man is not responsible for the loss after being found trustworthy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور 1 - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/289)



5- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الْعَارِيَّةِ فَقَالَ لا غُرْمَ عَلَى مُسْتَعِيرِ عَارِيَّةٍ إِذَا هَلَكَتْ إِذَا كَانَ مَأْمُوناً.


5. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a borrowed item. He (the Imam) said, ‘The borrower has no liability if the item is destroyed if he is trustworthy.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/289)



6- الْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُعَلَّى بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) فِي رَجُلٍ اسْتَعَارَ ثَوْباً ثُمَّ عَمَدَ إِلَيْهِ فَرَهَنَهُ فَجَاءَ أَهْلُ الْمَتَاعِ إِلَى مَتَاعِهِمْ قَالَ يَأْخُذُونَ مَتَاعَهُمْ.


6. Al-Husayn from Muhammad has narrated from Mu’alla’ ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Ali from Aban ibn ‘Uthman from the one who narrated to him who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who borrowed clothes, then left it as al-Rahn (security deposit) with someone; then the owner came to take it. He (the Imam) said, ‘They can take their asset.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف على المشهور - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/290)



7- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ حَرِيزٍ عَنْ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ وَدِيعَةِ الذَّهَبِ وَالْفِضَّةِ قَالَ فَقَالَ كُلُّمَا كَانَ مِنْ وَدِيعَةٍ وَلَمْ تَكُنْ مَضْمُونَةً لا تَلْزَمُ.


7. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Hammad from Hariz from Zurarah who has said the following: “This is concerning my question before abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the Wadi‘ah (safe deposit) of gold and silver. He (the Imam) said, ‘Whatever of Wadi ‘ah (safe deposit) for which liability is not stipulated does not make one liable.”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/290)



8- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنْ رَجُلٍ اسْتَوْدَعَ رَجُلا أَلْفَ دِرْهَمٍ فَضَاعَتْ فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ كَانَتْ عِنْدِي وَدِيعَةً وَقَالَ الآخَرُ إِنَّمَا كَانَتْ عَلَيْكَ قَرْضاً قَالَ الْمَالُ لازِمٌ لَهُ إِلا أَنْ يُقِيمَ الْبَيِّنَةَ أَنَّهَا كَانَتْ وَدِيعَةً.


8. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from and Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu Nasr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman from Ishaq ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “I once asked abu al-Hassan, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a man who borrowed one thousand dirham and it was lost and he said that it was Wadi ‘ah (safe deposit) with him and the other said that it was a debt on him. He (the Imam) said, ‘He is responsible for it unless he presents proof that it was Wadi ‘ah (safe deposit).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/290)



9- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَى أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) رَجُلٌ دَفَعَ إِلَى رَجُلٍ وَدِيعَةً فَوَضَعَهَا فِي مَنْزِلِ جَارِهِ فَضَاعَتْ فَهَلْ يَجِبُ عَلَيْهِ إِذَا خَالَفَ أَمْرَهُ وَأَخْرَجَهَا مِنْ مِلْكِهِ فَوَقَّعَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) هُوَ ضَامِنٌ لَهَا إِنْ شَاءَ اللهُ.


9. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn who has said the following: “I wrote to abu Muhammad, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, and asked, ‘A man leaves Wadi‘ah (safe deposit) with another man who keeps it in the house of his neighbor and it is lost; if he is held liable for it after taking it out of his property against the instruction of the owner. He (the Imam) signed the answer that said, ‘He is responsible for it, by the will of Allah.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: صحيح - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/290)



10- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي نَجْرَانَ عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ عَنْ أَبِي بَصِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ بَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) إِلَى صَفْوَانَ بْنِ أُمَيَّةَ فَاسْتَعَارَ مِنْهُ سَبْعِينَ دِرْعاً بِأَطْرَاقِهَا قَالَ فَقَالَ أَغَصْباً يَا مُحَمَّدُ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) بَلْ عَارِيَّةٌ مَضْمُونَةٌ.


10. Ali has narrated from his father from ibn abu Najran from ‘ Asim ibn Humayd from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once heard abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, saying that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, sent a message to Safwan ibn ‘Umayyah asking him to borrow seventy pieces of coats of arms with their helmets. He asked, ‘Is it forcibly, O Muhammad?’ The Holy Prophet replied, ‘It is borrowing with guarantee to return.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: حسن - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/291)