Maʿānī al-ʾAkhbār > The meaning of tafath
Hadith #1

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا الحسين ابن الحسن بن أبان ، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن حماد بن عيسى، عن ربعي، عن محمد بن مسلم عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام في قول الله عز وجل: " ثم ليقضوا تفثهم " قال: قص الشارب والأظفار.

1. We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan bin Ahmad bin Waleed, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Hussain ibn Hasan bin Aban, from Husain bin Sa’eed, from Hammad bin Isa, from Rab’i, from Muhammed bin Muslim, from Abu Ja’far, peace be upon him, with regards to the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «Then, let them end their tafath» (22:29). He said: The cutting of the moustache and nails.



Hadith #2

حدثنا أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن إبراهيم بن مهزيار عن أخيه علي، عن الحسين، عن النضر بن سويد، عن ابن سنان قال: قلت لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام في قول الله عز وجل: " ثم ليقضوا تفثهم " قال: هو الحلق وما في جلد الانسان.

2. We were told by my father, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ibrahim bin Mahziyar, from his brother, Ali, from Hussain, from Nadr bin Suwayd, from Ibn Sinan, that he said: I said to Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, with regards to the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «Then, let them end their tafath» (22:29). He said: It is to shave and what is in the skin of a person.



Hadith #3

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا الحسين بن الحسن بن أبان، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن فضالة، عن أبان، عن زرارة، عن حمران، عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام في قول الله عزو جل: " ثم ليقضوا تفثهم " قال: التفث حفوف الرجل من الطيب فإذا قضى نسكه حل له الطيب.

3. We were told by Muhammed bin Hasan bin Ahmad bin Waleed, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Hussain bin Hasan bin Aban, from Hussain bin Sa’eed, from Fadala, from Aban, from Zurara, from Hamran, from Abu Ja’far, peace be upon him, with regards to the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «Then, let them end their tafath» (22:29). He said: Tafath is a man’s abstention from perfume. When he has ended his rites, perfume is permissible to him.



Hadith #4

حدثنا أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى عن أحمد بن محمد بن أبي نصر البزنطي قال: قال أبو الحسن عليه السلام في قول الله عز وجل: " ثم ليقضوا تفثهم وليوفوا نذورهم " قال: التفث تقليم الأظفار وطرح الوسخ وطرح الاحرام عنه.

4. We were told by my father, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Isa, from Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Abi Nasr al-Bazanti, that he said: Abu’l-Hasan, peace be upon him, said with regards to the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «Then, let them end their tafath, and let them fulfill their vows» (22:29). He said: Tafath is the cutting of trim the tails, casting filth and the casting of the Ihram [1] from it.



Hadith #5

حدثنا أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن الحسين بن سعيد، عن القاسم بن محمد، عن أبان بن عثمان، عن أبي بصير، قال: سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن قول الله عز وجل: " ثم ليقضوا تفثهم " فقال: ما يكون من الرجل في حال إحرامه فإذا دخل مكة طاف وتكلم بكلام طيب فإن ذلك كفارة لذلك الذي كان منه.

5. We were told by my father, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Sa’d bin Abdullah, from Ahmad bin Muhammed bin Isa, from Husain bin Sa’eed, from Qasem bin Muhammed, from Aban bin Uthman, from Abu Baseer, that he said: I asked Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, about the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «Then, let them end their tafath» (22:29). He said: That which comes from a man during his state of Ihram. When he enters Mecca, he should perform the circling and speak with good speech, for indeed, that is an expiation of that which came from him.



Hadith #6

حدثنا المظفر بن جعفر بن المظفر العلوي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا جعفر بن محمد بن مسعود، عن أبيه، عن حمدويه، قال: حدثنا محمد بن عبد الحميد، عن أبي جميلة، عن عمرو بن حنظلة، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: سألته عن التفث. قال: هو حفوف الرأس.

6. We were told by Mufaddar bin Ja’far bin Mudaffar al-Alawi, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Ja’far bin Muhammed bin Mas’ud, from his father, from Hamdawayh, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Abdul-Hameed, from Abu Jameela, from Amru bin Handhala, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: I asked him about tafath. He said: It is to trim the head.



Hadith #7

حدثنا المظفر بن جعفر بن المظفر العلوي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا جعفر بن محمد بن مسعود، عن أبيه، قال: حدثنا محمد بن نصير ، قال: حدثنا محمد بن عيسى، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن حماد بن عثمان، عن الحلبي، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: سألته عن التفث فقال. هو الحلق وما في جلد الانسان.

7. We were told by Mudaffar bin Ja’far bin Mudaffar al-Alawi, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Ja’far bin Muhammed bin Mas’ud, from his father, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Naseer, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Isa, from Ibn Abi ‘Umayr, from Hammad bin Uthman, from al-Halabi, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: I asked him about tafath, so he said: It is to shave and what is in the skin of a person.



Hadith #8

حدثنا المظفر بن جعفر بن المظفر العلوي، قال: حدثنا جعفر بن محمد بن مسعود، عن أبيه، قال: حدثنا إبراهيم بن علي، عن عبد العظيم بن عبد الله الحسني، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن معاوية بن عمار، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام في قول الله عز وجل: " ثم ليقضوا تفثهم " قال: هو الحفوف والشعث، قال: ومن التفث أن تتكلم في إحرامك بكلام قبيح فإذا دخلت مكة فطفت بالبيت وتكلمت بكلام طيب كان ذلك كفارته.

8. We were told by Mudaffar bin Ja’far bin Mudaffar al-Alawi, that he said: We were told by Ja’far bin Muhammed bin Mas’ud, from his father, that he said: We were told by Ibrahim bin Ali, from Abdul-Adheem bin Abdullah al-Hasani, from Hasan bin Mahbub, from Mu’awiya bin Ammar, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, with regards to the saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «Then, let them end their tafath» (22:29). He said: It is to trim, and it is untidiness. He said: Among tafath is that you speak during your state of Ihram with horrid speech. If you, then, were to enter Mecca, perform the circling around the House and utter good speech, that would be its expiation.



Hadith #9

حدثنا أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا أحمد بن إدريس، قال: حدثنا محمد بن أحمد، عن موسى بن عمر، عن محمد بن إسماعيل بن بزيع، عن إبراهيم بن مهزم، عمن يرويه عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: إذا دخلت مكة فاشتر بدرهم تمرا فتصدق به لما كان منك في إحرامك للعمرة، فإذا فرغت من حجك فاشتر بدرهم تمرا فتصدق به، فإذا دخلت المدينة فاصنع مثل ذلك.

9. We were told by my father, may Allah grant him mercy, that he said: We were told by Ahmad bin Idrees, that he said: We were told by Muhammed bin Ahmad, from Musa bin Umar, from Muhammed bin Isma’eel bin Bazee’, from Ibrahim bin Mahzam, from the one he narrates from, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that he said: If you enter Mecca, then buy dates with a dirham and give it as charity due to what came from you during your state of Ihram for the Umrah. Then, when you are finished with your pilgrimage, then buy dates with a dirham and give it as charity. Then, if you enter Medina, do the same as that.



Hadith #10

أبي - رحمه الله - قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار، عن سهل بن زياد الآدمي، عن علي بن سليمان، عن زياد القندي، عن عبد الله بن سنان. عن ذريح المحاربي، قال: قلت لأبي عبد الله عليه السلام: إن الله أمرني في كتابه بأمر فأحب أن أعلمه. قال: وما ذلك؟ قلت: قول الله عز وجل: " ثم ليقضوا تفثهم وليوفوا نذورهم " قال: " ليقضوا تفثهم " لقاء الامام " وليوفوا نذورهم " تلك المناسك. قال عبد الله بن سنان فأتيت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام فقلت: جعلني الله فداك قول الله عز وجل: " ثم ليقضوا تفثهم وليوفوا نذورهم " قال: أخذ الشارب وقص الأظفار وما أشبه ذلك، قال: قلت: جعلت فداك فإن ذريح المحاربي حدثني عنك أنك قلت له: " ثم ليقضوا تفثهم " لقاء الامام " وليوفوا نذورهم " تلك المناسك؟ فقال: صدق ذريح وصدقت أنت إن للقرآن ظاهرا وباطنا ومن يحتمل ما يحتمل ذريح؟

10. My father, may Allah grant him mercy, said: We were tld by Muhammed bin Yahya al-‘Attar, from Sahl bin Ziyad al-Adami, from Ali bin Sulayman, from Ziyad al-Qindi, from Abdullah bin Sinan, from Dhuraih al-Muharibi, that he said: I said to Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him: Indeed, Allah has ordered me in His Book with an order, and I would like to know (the meaning of) it. He said: And what is that? I said: The saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «Then, let them end their tafath, and let them fulfill their vows» (22:29). He said: «let them end their tafath» is the meeting with the Imam, and «let them fulfill their vows» are those rites. Abdullah bin Sinan said: Then I came to Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, and I said: May Allah make me a sacrifice for you. The saying of Allah, Exalted and Glorious is He: «Then, let them end their tafath, and let them fulfill their vows» (22:29)? He said: It is to take (some off) the mustache, cut the nails, and similar to that. He said: I said: May I be sacrificed for you, Dhuraih al-Muharibi told me of you that you, indeed, said to him that «Then, let them end their tafath» is the meeting with the Imam, and that «and let them fulfill their vows» are those rites. He said: Dhuraih spoke true, and you have spoken true. Indeed, for the Qur’an is an apparent meaning and an internal meaning. And who can handle like what Dhuraih handles?