70. Punishment of betrayal of trust, theft, drinking wine and fornication

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وَ بِهَذَا الْإِسْنَادِ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص أَرْبَعَهٌ لَا تَدْخُلُ بَیْتاً وَاحِدَهٌ مِنْهُنَّ إِلَّا خَرِبَ وَ لَمْ یُعْمَرْ بِالْبَرَکَهِ الْخِیَانَهُ وَ شُرْبُ الْخَمْرِ وَ السَّرِقَهُ وَ الزِّنَاءُ.


1. The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) said, “There are four things viz. betrayal of trust, theft, drinking wine and fornication which cannot enter a house except that the house is unpleasant and deprived.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ عَنْ یَعْقُوبَ بْنِ یَزِیدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِی عُمَیْرٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ سُلَیْمَانَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: مُدْمِنُ الْخَمْرِ یَلْقَی اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ کَعَابِدِ وَثَنٍ وَ مَنْ شَرِبَ مِنْهُ شَرْبَهً- لَمْ یَقْبَلِ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ صَلَاتَهُ أَرْبَعِینَ یَوْماً.


2. My father (rah) said: it was narrated to me by Abdillah b. Ja’far from Ya’qub b. Yazid from Muhammad b. Abi ’Umayr from Hisham b. Salim from Sulayman b. Khalid from Abi Abdillah (a.s.) who said: “A person who drinks wine will meet Allah along with an idol-worshipper. Allah will not accept the Salaat for forty days of a person who drinks wine once.”




حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ أَبَانٍ عَنِ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ سَعِیدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِی عُمَیْرٍ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِیلَ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ أَبِی جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: سَأَلَهُ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ أَصْلَحَکَ اللَّهُ شُرْبُ الْخَمْرِ شَرٌّ أَمْ تَرْکُ الصَّلَاهِ فَقَالَ شُرْبُ الْخَمْرِ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَ تَدْرِی لِمَ ذَاکَ قَالَ لَا قَالَ لِأَنَّهُ یَصِیرُ فِی حَالٍ لَا یَعْرِفُ رَبَّهُ.


3. It was narrated to me by Muhammad b. al-Hassan who said it was narrated to me by Muhammad b. al-Hussain b. al-Hassan b. Aban from al-Hussain b. Sa’eed from Ibn Abi ’Umayr from Ismail b. Salim from Abi Ja’far (a.s.) who said: “Because his condition becomes such that he cannot recognize his Lord.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِی الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مَسْعَدَهَ بْنِ زِیَادٍ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ آبَائِهِ ع أَنَّ النَّبِیَّ ص قَالَ: یَجِی ءُ مُدْمِنُ الْخَمْرِ یَوْمَ الْقِیَامَهِ مُزْرَقَّهً عَیْنَاهُ مُسْوَدّاً وَجْهُهُ مَائِلًا شَفَتُهُ یَسِیلُ لُعَابُهُ مَشْدُودَهً نَاصِیَتُهُ إِلَی إِبْهَامِ قَدَمَیْهِ خَارِجَهً یَدُهُ مِنْ صُلْبِهِ فَیَفْزَعُ مِنْهُ أَهْلُ الْجَمْعِ إِذْ رَأَوْهُ مُقْبِلًا عَلَی الْحِسَابِ.


4. My father (rah) said: it was narrated to me by Muhammad b. Abi al-Qasim from Harun b. Muslim from Mas’ada b. Ziyad from Abi Abdillah from his forefathers (a.s.) that The Prophet (s.a.w.s.) who said: “When a drunkard comes on the Day of Judgment, he would be blind and his face, black. His back will be bent and spit will be overflowing from his mouth. His forehead will be tied to his toes. His hands will be coming out of his loins. The people assembled there will be horrified upon seeing the way he is taken for the accounting of his deeds.”




أَبِی ره عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ یَحْیَی عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ یَعْقُوبَ بْنِ یَزِیدَ عَنْ مَرْوَکِ بْنِ عُبَیْدٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع أَنَّهُ قَالَ: مَنِ اکْتَحَلَ بِمِیلٍ مِنْ مُسْکِرٍ کَحَلَهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ بِمِیلٍ مِنْ نَارٍ قَالَ إِنَّ أَهْلَ الرِّیِّ فِی الدُّنْیَا مِنَ الْمُسْکِرِ یَمُوتُونَ عِطَاشاً وَ یُحْشَرُونَ عِطَاشاً وَ یَدْخُلُونَ النَّارَ عِطَاشاً.


5. Abi (rah) from Muhammad b. Yahya from Muhammad b. Ahmad from Ya’qub b. Yazid from Marwak b. ’Ubayd from a man from Abi Abdillah (a.s.) that he said: “One who applies antimony containing alcohol in his eyes once, the Almighty Allah will rub a rod of fire in his eyes. People who drink wine in this world will die thirsty, will be assembled on the Day of Judgment thirsty and will be thrown into Hell thirsty.”




حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الصَّفَّارُ عَنْ مُعَاوِیَهَ بْنِ حُکَیْمٍ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِی عُمَیْرٍ عَنْ أَبَانِ بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنِ الْفُضَیْلِ بْنِ یَسَارٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ ع یَقُولُ مَنْ شَرِبَ الْخَمْرَ فَسَکِرَ مِنْهَا لَمْ یَقْبَلِ اللَّهُ صَلَاتَهُ أَرْبَعِینَ یَوْماً فَإِنْ تَرَکَ الصَّلَاهَ فِی هَذِهِ الْأَیَّامِ ضُوعِفَ عَلَیْهِ لِتَرْکِ الصَّلَاهِ.


6. It is narrated that Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) said, “One who is intoxicated after drinking wine, the Almighty Allah will not accept his Salaat for next forty days. If he misses a Salaat during these days, the Almighty Allah will give him double punishment for each Salaat missed out.”




حَدَّثَنِی جَعْفَرُ بْنُ عَلِیٍّ عَنْ أَبِیهِ عَنِ الْحُسَیْنِ عَنْ أَبِیهِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِیٍّ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْمُغِیرَهِ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ أَبِی الصَّحَارِی عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ شَارِبِ الْخَمْرِ فَقَالَ لَا یَقْبَلُ اللَّهُ مِنْهُ صَلَاتَهُ مَا دَامَ فِی عُرُوقِهِ مِنْهَا شَیْ ءٌ.


7. It was narrated to me by Ja’far b. Ali from his father from al-Hussain from his father al-Hassan b. Ali from Abdillah b. al-Mughira from al-Abbas b. ’Amir from Abi al-Sahari from Abi Abdillah (a.s.) who said: Once Imam Ja’far Sadiq was asked about the ruling regarding a drunkard. Imam (a.s.) replied, “His prayers will not be accepted till a time even a single drop of wine is present in his veins.”




وَ بِهَذَا الْإِسْنَادِ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِیٍّ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِیسَی عَنِ ابْنِ مُسْکَانَ عَمَّنْ رَوَاهُ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: [إِنَ] اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ جَعَلَ لِلشَّرِّ أَقْفَالًا وَ جَعَلَ مَفَاتِیحَ تِلْکَ الْأَقْفَالِ الشَّرَابَ وَ أَشَرُّ مِنَ الشَّرَابِ الْکَذِبُ.


8. And from the previous chain from al-Hassan b. Ali from Uthman b. Isa from Ibn Muskan from the one who narrated it from Abi Abdillah (a.s.) who said: “Surely the Almighty Allah has created locks for polytheism and the key to those locks is wine. There is more evil in lying than in alcohol.”




حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الصَّفَّارُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِیسَی الْعُبَیْدِیِّ عَنِ النَّضْرِ بْنِ سُوَیْدٍ عَنْ یَعْقُوبَ بْنِ شُعَیْبٍ عَنْ أَحَدِهِمَا ع قَالَ: إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ جَعَلَ لِلْمَعْصِیَهِ بَیْتاً ثُمَّ جَعَلَ لِلْبَیْتِ بَاباً ثُمَّ جَعَلَ لِلْبَابِ غَلَقاً ثُمَّ جَعَلَ لِلْغَلَقِ مِفْتَاحاً فَمِفْتَاحُ الْمَعْصِیَهِ الْخَمْرُ.


9. It was narrated to me by Muhammad b. al-Hassan who said it was narrated to me by Muhammad b. al-Hassan al-Saffar from Muhammad b. Isa al-’Ubayd from al-Nadhr b. Suwayd from Ya’qub b. Shu’aib from one of the Imams (a.s.) who said: “Surely the Almighty Allah has locked sin in a house. There is a door to that house which is locked. There is a key of that lock and the key to sin is wine.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ سَیْفِ بْنِ عَمِیرَهَ عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ عَنْ أَبِی بَصِیرٍ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: مُدْمِنُ السَّرِقَهِ وَ الزِّنَاءِ وَ الشَّرَابِ کَعَابِدِ وَثَنٍ.


10. My father (rah) said: it was narrated to me by Sa’d b. Abdillah who said it was narrated to me by Muhammad b. Abdul-Jabbar from Sayf b. ’Umayra from Mansur from Abi Basir from Abi Abdillah (a.s.) who said: “A person who is involved in fornication, theft and drinking wine is like an idol worshipper.”




حَدَّثَنِی الْحُسَیْنُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَبِیهِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ عَلِیِّ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِیلَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ النَّضْرِ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شِمْرٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ أَبِی جَعْفَرٍ ع قَالَ: لَعَنَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص فِی الْخَمْرِ عَشَرَهً غَارِسَهَا وَ حَارِسَهَا وَ عَاصِرَهَا وَ شَارِبَهَا وَ سَاقِیَهَا وَ حَامِلَهَا وَ الْمَحْمُولَ إِلَیْهِ وَ بَائِعَهَا وَ مُشْتَرِیَهَا وَ آکِلَ ثَمَنِهَا.


11. It was narrated to me by al-Hussain b. Ahmad from his father from Ahmad b. Ali b. Ismail from Ahmad b. al-Nadhr from ’Amru b. Shimr from Jabir from Abi Ja’far (a.s.) who said: Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.) narrates that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) cursed ten persons in connection with wine viz. one who cultivates the fruit, one who nurtures it, one who prepares wine, one who drinks it, one who serves it, one who sends it, one who orders it, one who sells it, one who buys it and one who makes profit from it.




وَ بِهَذَا الْإِسْنَادِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ الْقُمِّیِّ رَفَعَهُ إِلَی أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: الْغِنَاءُ عُشُّ النِّفَاقِ وَ شُرْبُ الْخَمْرِ مِفْتَاحُ کُلِّ شَرٍّ وَ شَارِبُ الْخَمْرِ مُکَذِّبٌ بِکِتَابِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ لَوْ صَدَّقَ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ لَاجْتَنَبَ مَحَارِمَهُ.


12. And from the previous chain from Muhammad b. Ahmad from Muhammad b. Ja’far al-Qummi who raised it to Abi Abdillah (a.s.) who said: “Music is the abode of hypocrisy and wine is the key to sin. A drunkard is one who has rejected the book of Allah because if he had accepted the book of Allah, he would surely have avoided this prohibited act.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی الْحِمْیَرِیُّ عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ عَنْ مَسْعَدَهَ بْنِ زِیَادٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ ع قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص مَنْ أَدْخَلَ عِرْقاً مِنْ عُرُوقِهِ شَیْئاً مِمَّا یُسْکِرُ کَثِیرُهُ عَذَّبَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ ذَلِکَ الْعِرْقَ سِتِّینَ وَ ثَلَاثَمِائَهِ نَوْعٍ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ.


13. Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) narrates that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) said, “One who puts intoxicant in one of his veins, the Almighty Allah will involve that single vein in three hundred and sixty kinds of punishments.”




حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الصَّفَّارُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ عَنِ الْحُسَیْنِ بْنِ عَلِیِّ بْنِ فَضَّالٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ سَعِیدٍ الْمَدَائِنِیِّ عَنْ مُصَدِّقِ بْنِ صَدَقَهَ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ مُوسَی عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ قَالَ: سُئِلَ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ إِذَا شَرِبَ الْمُسْکِرَ مَا حَالُهُ قَالَ لَا یَقْبَلُ اللَّهُ صَلَاتَهُ أَرْبَعِینَ یَوْماً وَ لَیْسَ لَهُ تَوْبَهٌ فِی الْأَرْبَعِینَ فَإِنْ مَاتَ فِیهَا دَخَلَ النَّارَ.


14. It was narrated to me by Muhammad b. al-Hassan who said it was narrated to me by Muhammad b. al-Hassan al-Saffar from Ahmad from al-Hussain b. Ali b. Fadhal from ’Amru b. Sa’eed al-Madaini from Musdaq b. Sadaqah from Ammar b. Musa from Abi Abdillah (a.s.) who said who said: Imam Ja’far Sadiq was asked about the ruling against the person who uses an intoxicant. Imam (a.s.) replied, “His prayers will not be accepted for next forty days and he cannot repent during these forty days. If he dies during these days, he will go to Hell.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی إِبْرَاهِیمُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عُثْمَانَ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِیلَ الْکَاتِبِ قَالَ: أَقْبَلَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَلِیٍّ ع فِی الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ فَنَظَرَ إِلَیْهِ قَوْمٌ مِنْ قُرَیْشٍ فَقَالُوا هَذَا إِلَهُ أَهْلِ الْعِرَاقِ فَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ لَوْ بَعَثْتُمْ إِلَیْهِ بَعْضَکُمْ فَسَأَلَهُ فَأَتَاهُ شَابٌّ مِنْهُمْ فَقَالَ لَهُ یَا عَمِّ مَا أَکْبَرُ الْکَبَائِرِ فَقَالَ شُرْبُ الْخَمْرِ فَأَتَاهُمْ فَأَخْبَرَهُمْ فَقَالُوا لَهُ عُدْ إِلَیْهِ فَلَمْ یَزَالُوا بِهِ حَتَّی عَادَ إِلَیْهِ فَسَأَلَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَ لَمْ أَقُلْ لَکَ یَا ابْنَ أَخِ شُرْبُ الْخَمْرِ إِنَّ شُرْبَ الْخَمْرِ یُدْخِلُ صَاحِبَهُ فِی الزِّنَاءِ وَ السَّرِقَهِ وَ قَتْلِ النَّفْسِ الَّتِی حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ* وَ فِی الشِّرْکِ وَ تَاللَّهِ أَفَاعِیلُ الْخَمْرِ تَعْلُو عَلَی کُلِّ ذَنْبٍ کَمَا تَعْلُو شَجَرَتُهَا عَلَی کُلِّ شَجَرَهٍ.


15. My father (rah) said: it was narrated to me by Sa’d b. Abdillah who said it was narrated to me by Ibrahim b. Hashim from ’Amru b. Uthman from Ahmad b. Ismail al-Katib who said: It is narrated that one of the groups of Quraish saw Imam Muhammad bin Ali (a.s.) in Masjidul Haraam and began to say: ‘The people of Iraq worship him.’ One of them advised that they send a person to him to ask a few questions. A person came to Imam and asked, “O uncle! What is the greatest sin?” Imam (a.s.) replied, “Drinking wine.” He went to his people and told him about the Imam’s reply. They told him to go and ask the same question again. The person came to the Imam and repeated the question. Imam (a.s.) answered, “O nephew! Didn’t I reply you last time? Drinking wine forces a person to commit adultery, theft, murder and polytheism. The effects of wine are more than any other sin just like its tree is taller than other trees.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ یَحْیَی عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنِ الْعَمْرَکِیِّ قَالَ: قُلْتُ لِلرِّضَا ع إِنَّ ابْنَ دَاوُدَ یَذْکُرُ أَنَّکَ قُلْتَ لَهُ شَارِبُ الْخَمْرِ کَافِرٌ قَالَ صَدَقَ قَدْ قُلْتُ لَهُ.


16. My father (rah) said: it was narrated to me by Muhammad b. Yahya from Muhammad b. Ahmad from al-’Amraki who said: The narrator told Imam Reza (a.s.), “Ibne Dadhuya says that you told him: ‘A drunkard is a polytheist’?” Imam (a.s.) replied, “He is right and I had told him that.”




أَبِی ره قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِی یَعْقُوبُ بْنُ یَزِیدَ عَنْ أَبِی مُحَمَّدٍ الْأَنْصَارِیِّ عَنِ ابْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِی عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ: سَأَلْتُهُ عَنِ الْحَثَی فَقَالَ الْحَثَی حَرَامٌ وَ شَارِبُهُ کَشَارِبِ الْخَمْرِ.


17. My father (rah) said: it was narrated to me by Sa’d b. Abdillah who said it was narrated to me by Ya’qub b. Yazid from Abi Muhammad al-Ansari from Ibn Sinan from Abi Abdillah (a.s.) who said: The narrator asked Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) regarding alcohol (Khunsa). Imam (a.s.) replied, “Khunsa is prohibited and one who drinks it, is like one who drinks wine.”