ʿUyūn akhbār al-Riḍā

The Source of Traditions on Imam al-Riḍā

By: Shaykh Muḥammad b. ʿAlī al-Ṣaduq

Translator: Dr. Ali Peiravi

ʿUyūn Akhbār al-Riḍā, also known as ʿUyūn al-Akhbār is a comprehensive Ḥadīth collection focusing on Imam al-Riḍā (as), which is compiled by the renowned Shīʿī scholar, al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq. The work contains a plethora of Ḥadīths that are either the direct sayings of Imam al-Riḍā (as) or the wisdom he imparted from his forefathers. As one of the references within Shīʿī scholarship, this collection covers an array of subjects, including history, jurisprudence, ethics, and theology. al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq may have written ʿUyūn Akhbār al-Riḍā after the death of Rukn al-Dawla al-Buwayhī in 366 AH. The writing of this work was inspired by a unique exchange. Sāḥib b. ʿAbbād al-Daylamī, a prominent Shīʿī minister and ruler of the time, penned a poem extolling ʿAlī b. Mūsā al-Riḍā (as) and dedicated it to al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq. In response, the work was compiled as a reciprocal gift. al-Shaykh al-Ṣadūq stated in his introduction, "I found no other better gift than this book which is about the infinite knowledge of Imam al-Riḍā (as) to send in return to the two odes of Ibn ʿAbbād.” This text provides readers with a deep understanding of the life and teachings of Imam al-Riḍā, illuminating the comprehensive scope of his wisdom and his contributions to Islamic thought and practice.

Chapter 1

352 Aḥadīth
Traditions about Ar-Ridha (a.s)

Chapter 2

35 Aḥadīth
On Ar-Ridha’s Words on the Reasons for Various Things

Chapter 3

2 Aḥadīth
On What Ar-Ridha (a.s) Wrote Regarding the Reasons (Behind the Decrees) in Response to Questions by Muhammad ibn Sinan

Chapter 4

1 Ḥadīth
The Reasons Cited by Al-Fadhl ibn Shadhan

Chapter 5

16 Aḥadīth
On What Ar-Ridha (a.s) Wrote for Al-Ma’mun Regarding Pure Islam and the Religious Decrees

Chapter 6

1 Ḥadīth
On Ar-Ridha’s Entry to Neishaboor and Where He Resided

Chapter 7

4 Aḥadīth
On What Ar-Ridha (a.s) said Upon Leaving Marba’at Neishaboor to See Al-Ma’mun

Chapter 8

1 Ḥadīth
A Rare Tradition From Ar-Ridha (a.s)

Chapter 9

3 Aḥadīth
On the Departure of Ar-Ridha (a.s) from Neishaboor Towards Toos and Marv

Chapter 10

29 Aḥadīth
On The Reasons why Ali ibn Musa Ar-Ridha (a.s) accepted the succession to the throne from Al-Ma’mun, what Went On, those who were displeased and those who were pleased

Chapter 11

1 Ḥadīth
On Ar-Ridha (a.s) Praying for Rain On the Request of Al-Ma’mun, Display of the Honorable the Exalted God’s Power by Fulfilling His Request and the Destruction of Those who Denied This

Chapter 12

1 Ḥadīth
On the Plans of Al-Ma’mun for Fending off the People From the Meetings of Ar-Ridha (a.s), Belittling him, and on the Cursing of Al-Ma’mun

Chapter 13

9 Aḥadīth
On Poems About Patience and Silence in Front of the Ignorant, and Not Treating Friends With Reproach, and Attracting the Enemy So That He Becomes Friends and on Hiding Secrets

Chapter 14

7 Aḥadīth
On Ar-Ridha’s Noble Characteristics and His Worshipping

Chapter 15

2 Aḥadīth
His Debates With the Opponents Regarding Divine Leadership and Ali’s Nobility

Chapter 16

5 Aḥadīth
On What has been Narrated by Ar-Ridha (a.s) Regarding the Proofs for the Divine Leaders (a.s), and the Rejection of the Exaggerators (Ghulat) and Those who Believe in God Turning Over the Affairs (Mufawidha) - May God Curse Them

Chapter 17

44 Aḥadīth
On Indications of the Divine Leadership of Ar-Ridha (a.s)

Chapter 18

1 Ḥadīth
On the Proof of Ar-Ridha’s Rightfulness Due to the Acceptance of His Prayers by God the Honorable the Exalted Against Bakkar ibn Abdullah ibn Mos’ab ibn az-Zobayr ibn Bakkar Who Had Oppressed Him

Chapter 19

1 Ḥadīth
On Proof of Ar-Ridha’s Rightfulness Due to Predicting that He (a.s) Would not See Baghdad, And Neither Would Baghdad See Him (a.s)

Chapter 20

4 Aḥadīth
On Proof of Ar-Ridha’s Rightfulness Due to the Acceptance by God the Honorable the Exalted of his prayers for the Barmakites

Chapter 21

2 Aḥadīth
On the Proof of His Rightfulness Due to Ar-Ridha’s (a.s) Prediction that He Will be Buried Next to Harun

Chapter 22

1 Ḥadīth
On Traditions Related to Ar-Ridha’s (a.s) Being Martyred With Poison and Being Buried Next to Harun Al-Rashid

Chapter 23

1 Ḥadīth
On Ar-Ridha’s Insight and His Recognition of the Faithful Believers and the Hypocrites

Chapter 24

3 Aḥadīth
On Ar-Ridha’s Knowledge of All the Languages

Chapter 25

3 Aḥadīth
On the Proof of Ar-Ridha’s Rightfulness Due to His Replying to Al-Hassan ibn Ali al-Vosha’s Questions Before he could ask them

Chapter 26

1 Ḥadīth
On Ar-Ridha’s Answer to Abi Qorrah - a friend of the Catholic Archbishop

Chapter 27

1 Ḥadīth
On What Ar-Ridha (a.s) said on the Subject of Divine Leadership to Yahya ibn ad-Dhahhak al-Samarqandi in the Presence of Al-Ma’mun

Chapter 28

11 Aḥadīth
On What Ar-Ridha (a.s) told his Brother Zayd ibn Musa When Zayd was Being Haughty in Al-Ma’mun’s Presence and What Ar-Ridha’ (a.s) said About Mistreating the Shiites

Chapter 29

3 Aḥadīth
On Reasons for Which Al-Ma’mun Martyred Ali ibn Musa Ar-Ridha (a.s) with Poison

Chapter 30

1 Ḥadīth
On Ar-Ridha’s Appointment of his son Muhammad ibn Ali (a.s) as the Imam and his Successor

Chapter 31

1 Ḥadīth
On The Martyrdom of Ar-Ridha (a.s) Due to Being Murdered by Al-Ma’mun With Poison

Chapter 32

1 Ḥadīth
Another Tradition From the Shiites on the Death of Ar-Ridha (a.s)

Chapter 33

2 Aḥadīth
On What Abu Salt Al-Harawi Has Narrated About Ar-Ridha Being Martyred With Poisoned Grapes

Chapter 34

1 Ḥadīth
On What (Abu Habib) Harthama ibn A’yan Narrated About the Martyrdom of Ar-Ridha by Being Poisoned With Pomegranates and Grapes

Chapter 35

2 Aḥadīth
On An Elegy Recited About Ar-Ridha (a.s)

Chapter 36

37 Aḥadīth
On the Reward of Visiting the Shrine of Imam Ali ibn Musa Ar-Ridha (a.s)

Chapter 37

1 Ḥadīth
On the Reward of Visiting the shrine of Fatima - the Daughter of Imam Musa ibn Ja’far (a.s) in Qum

Chapter 38

3 Aḥadīth
On Visiting Ar-Ridha (a.s) in Toos

Chapter 39

13 Aḥadīth
On What Has Become Apparent For The People Of Our Time From The Blessings And Signs Of This Place Of Martyrdom, And The Fulfillment Of Prayers There