Al-Kāfi - Volume 7 > The Case of a Child Carried away from his Birthplace ( al-Hamil )
Hadith #1

1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ شَاذَانَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ وَصَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى جَمِيعاً عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الْحَجَّاجِ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) عَنِ الْحَمِيلِ فَقَالَ وَأَيُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ الْحَمِيلُ قَالَ قُلْتُ الْمَرْأَةُ تُسْبَى مِنْ أَهْلِهَا مَعَهَا الْوَلَدُ الصَّغِيرُ فَتَقُولُ هَذَا ابْنِي وَالرَّجُلُ يُسْبَى فَيَلْقَى أَخَاهُ فَيَقُولُ هُوَ أَخِي وَلَيْسَ لَهُمْ بَيِّنَةٌ إِلا قَوْلُهُمْ قَالَ فَقَالَ فَمَا يَقُولُ فِيهِمُ النَّاسُ عِنْدَكُمْ قُلْتُ لا يُوَرِّثُونَهُمْ لأنَّهُ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُمْ عَلَى وِلادَتِهِمْ بَيِّنَةٌ وَإِنَّمَا هِيَ وِلادَةُ الشِّرْكِ فَقَالَ سُبْحَانَ اللهِ إِذَا جَاءَتْ بِابْنِهَا أَوْ ابْنَتِهَا وَلَمْ تَزَلْ مُقِرَّةً بِهِ وَإِذَا عَرَفَ أَخَاهُ وَكَانَ ذَلِكَ فِي صِحَّةٍ مِنْهُمَا وَلَمْ يَزَالا مُقِرَّيْنِ بِذَلِكَ وَرِثَ بَعْضُهُمْ مِنْ بَعْضٍ.

1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father and Muhammad ibn ’Isma‘il has narrated from al-Fadl ibn Shadhan from ibn abu ‘Umayr and Safwan ibn Yahya all from ‘Abd al- Rahman ibn al-Hajjaj who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of ( al-Hamil ) a child who is carried along. He (the Imam) asked, ‘What is al-Hamil (carried along)? 5 1 replied, ‘A woman is taken captive. With her, there is a small child. She says that he is her child. A man is taken as a captive. He meets his brother and says that this is my brother but there is no testimony except their words. 5 He (the Imam) asked, ‘What do people with you say about it? 5 I replied, ‘They do not give them any share of inheritance; they have no proof about their birth and it is birth in paganism. He (the Imam) said, ‘Allah is free of all defects, when she comes with her son or daughter, continues confirming their relationship and when he recognizes his brother, both of them are in good health and they continue confirming it; they must inherit from each other. 555