Al-Kāfi - Volume 7 > Inheritance of a Child from Fornication
Hadith #1

1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي عُمَيْرٍ عَنْ حَمَّادٍ عَنِ الْحَلَبِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ أَيُّمَا رَجُلٍ وَقَعَ عَلَى وَلِيدَةِ قَوْمٍ حَرَاماً ثُمَّ اشْتَرَاهَا ثُمَّ ادَّعَى وَلَدَهَا فَإِنَّهُ لا يُوَرَّثُ مِنْهُ شَيْ‏ءٌ فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) قَالَ الْوَلَدُ لِلْفِرَاشِ وَلِلْعَاهِرِ الْحَجَرُ وَلا يُوَرَّثُ وَلَدَ الزِّنَا إِلا رَجُلٌ يَدَّعِي ابْنَ وَلِيدَتِهِ وَأَيُّمَا رَجُلٍ أَقَرَّ بِوَلَدِهِ ثُمَّ انْتَفَى مِنْهُ فَلَيْسَ ذَلِكَ لَهُ وَلا كَرَامَةَ يَلْحَقُ بِهِ وَلَدُهُ إِذَا كَانَ مِنِ امْرَأَتِهِ أَوْ وَلِيدَتِهِ.

1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hammad from al-Halabiy who has narrated the following: “This is a pronouncement from abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam. He (the Imam) has said, Tf a man falls upon a slave-girl of a people unlawfully, then buys her and claims her child, he cannot inherit from such a child anything. It is because the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, “A child belongs to the bed (owner thereof) and for the fornicator is the stone (penalty by stoning to death with due judicial process).” A child born out of wedlock cannot be made to inherit except in the case of a man who claims the child of his newly purchased (already pregnant) slave-girl. Anyone who claims a child to be his child then rejects him, such child is not his and it is not honorable, his child is joined with him if the child is from his wife or (newly purchased) slave-girl.’”