Al-Kāfi - Volume 7 > Another Chapter on Inheritance of People of other Religions
Hadith #1

1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ جَمِيعاً عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مَحْبُوبٍ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْ نَصْرَانِيٍّ مَاتَ وَلَهُ ابْنُ أَخٍ مُسْلِمٌ وَابْنُ أُخْتٍ مُسْلِمٌ وَلِلنَّصْرَانِيِّ أَوْلادٌ وَزَوْجَةٌ نَصَارَى قَالَ فَقَالَ أَرَى أَنْ يُعْطَى ابْنُ أَخِيهِ الْمُسْلِمُ ثُلُثَيْ مَا تَرَكَ وَيُعْطَى ابْنُ أُخْتِهِ ثُلُثَ مَا تَرَكَ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ وُلْدٌ صِغَارٌ فَإِنْ كَانَ لَهُ وُلْدٌ صِغَارٌ فَإِنَّ عَلَى الْوَارِثَيْنِ أَنْ يُنْفِقَا عَلَى الصِّغَارِ مِمَّا وَرِثَا مِنْ أَبِيهِمْ حَتَّى يُدْرِكُوا قِيلَ لَهُ كَيْفَ يُنْفِقَانِ قَالَ فَقَالَ يُخْرِجُ وَارِثُ الثُّلُثَيْنِ ثُلُثَيِ النَّفَقَةِ وَيُخْرِجُ وَارِثُ الثُّلُثِ ثُلُثَ النَّفَقَةِ فَإِنْ أَدْرَكُوا قَطَعَا النَّفَقَةَ عَنْهُمْ قِيلَ لَهُ فَإِنْ أَسْلَمَ الأوْلادُ وَهُمْ صِغَارٌ قَالَ فَقَالَ يُدْفَعُ مَا تَرَكَ أَبُوهُمْ إِلَى الإمَامِ حَتَّى يُدْرِكُوا فَإِنْ بَقُوا عَلَى الإسْلامِ دَفَعَ الإمَامُ مِيرَاثَهُمْ إِلَيْهِمْ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَبْقَوْا عَلَى الإسْلامِ إِذَا أَدْرَكُوا دَفَعَ الإمَامُ مِيرَاثَهُ إِلَى ابْنِ أَخِيهِ وَابْنِ أُخْتِهِ الْمُسْلِمَيْنِ يَدْفَعُ إِلَى ابْنِ أَخِيهِ ثُلُثَيْ مَا تَرَكَ وَيَدْفَعُ إِلَى ابْنِ أُخْتِهِ ثُلُثَ مَا تَرَكَ.

1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and a number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad all from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Hisham ibn Salim from Malik ibn ’A‘yan, who has narrated the following: “I once asked abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the case of a Christian man who has died. The son of his brother is a Muslim and a son of his sister is a Muslim. The Christian man has children and a Christian wife. He (the Imam) said, ’Two-thirds of his legacy must be given to the son of his brother. One-third must be given to the son of his sister if he does not have any children who are small. However, if he has small children, then the heirs must pay for the maintenance of the small children from the legacy their father has left behind until they become mature.’ It then was asked from him (the Imam), ‘How must the two spend?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘The one who has received two- thirds must pay two-thirds of the maintenance and the one who has received one-third must pay one- third of maintenance until they become mature at which time they can discontinue payment for them.’ It then was asked, ‘What happens if the children become Muslims when they are small?’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Whatever their father has left behind must be given to the Imam until they become mature. If they remain Muslims the Imam gives their legacy to them. However, if they did not remain Muslims when they become mature, the Imam gives the legacy to the son of his brother and the son of his sister who are Muslims. Two-thirds of what is left is given to the son of his brother and one-third of what is left to the son of his sister.’”