Al-Kāfi - Volume 6 > Benefits for a Divorced Woman
Hadith #4

حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ وَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ جَمِيعاً عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي قَوْلِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ وَ لِلْمُطَلَّقاتِ مَتاعٌ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ حَقًّا عَلَى الْمُتَّقِينَ قَالَ مَتَاعُهَا بَعْدَ مَا تَنْقَضِي عِدَّتُهَا عَلَى الْمُوسِعِ قَدَرُهُ وَ عَلَى الْمُقْتِرِ قَدَرُهُقَالَ كَيْفَ يُمَتِّعُهَا فِي عِدَّتِهَا وَ هِيَ تَرْجُوهُ وَ يَرْجُوهَا وَ يُحْدِثُ اللَّهُ مَا يَشَاءُ أَمَا إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ الْمُوسِعَ يُمَتِّعُ الْمَرْأَةَ بِالْعَبْدِ وَ الْأَمَةِ وَ يُمَتِّعُ الْفَقِيرُ بِالْحِنْطَةِ [بِالتَّمْرِ] وَ الزَّبِيبِ وَ الثَّوْبِ وَ الدَّرَاهِمِ وَ إِنَّ الْحَسَنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ ( عليه السلام ) مَتَّعَ امْرَأَةً طَلَّقَهَا بِأَمَةٍ وَ لَمْ يَكُنْ يُطَلِّقُ امْرَأَةً إِلَّا مَتَّعَهَا .حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ ابْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) مِثْلَهُ إِلَّا أَنَّهُ قَالَ وَ كَانَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ ( عليه السلام ) يُمَتِّعُ نِسَاءَهُ بِالْأَمَةِ .

4. Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from Sama‘ah from Muhammad ibn Ziyad from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan and Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah all abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, who has said the following: “About the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘. . . divorced women must be benefited with fairness; it is a right on the pious ones’, abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has stated this Hadith. ‘It is after the end of waiting period, and about, ‘an affluent man and one not-so-affluent each according to their abilities’, he (the Imam) said, ‘Why should he not benefit her during her waiting period when she hopes and he hopes that Allah by His will may make something good to happen for them? An affluent man must benefits his woman with servant and one not affluent, benefit with wheat, (dates), raisins, clothes and dirham. Al-Hassan ibn Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, benefited the woman he divorced with a slave-girl. He (the Imam) benefited all the women he divorced.’” Humayd ibn Ziyad has narrated from ibn Sanaa ‘ah from Muhammad ibn Ziyad from Mu’awiyah ibn ‘Ammar from abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, a similar Hadith except that he has said, ‘Al-Hassan ibn Ali, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, would benefit his women with slave-girls.’”