Al-Kāfi - Volume 5 > Lawful Looks of Master and Slave
Hadith #2

2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ أَبِي الْبِلادِ وَيَحْيَى بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ عَمَّارٍ قَالَ كُنَّا عِنْدَ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) نَحْواً مِنْ ثَلاثِينَ رَجُلا إِذْ دَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ أَبِي فَرَحَّبَ بِهِ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) وَأَجْلَسَهُ إِلَى جَنْبِهِ فَأَقْبَلَ عَلَيْهِ طَوِيلا ثُمَّ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) إِنَّ لأبِي مُعَاوِيَةَ حَاجَةً فَلَوْ خَفَّفْتُمْ فَقُمْنَا جَمِيعاً فَقَالَ لِي أَبِي ارْجِعْ يَا مُعَاوِيَةُ فَرَجَعْتُ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) هَذَا ابْنُكَ قَالَ نَعَمْ وَهُوَ يَزْعُمُ أَنَّ أَهْلَ الْمَدِينَةِ يَصْنَعُونَ شَيْئاً لا يَحِلُّ لَهُمْ قَالَ وَمَا هُوَ قُلْتُ إِنَّ الْمَرْأَةَ الْقُرَشِيَّةَ وَالْهَاشِمِيَّةَ تَرْكَبُ وَتَضَعُ يَدَهَا عَلَى رَأْسِ الأسْوَدِ وَذِرَاعَيْهَا عَلَى عُنُقِهِ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) يَا بُنَيَّ أَمَا تَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ قُلْتُ بَلَى قَالَ اقْرَأْ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ لا جُناحَ عَلَيْهِنَّ فِي آبائِهِنَّ وَلا أَبْنائِهِنَّ حَتَّى بَلَغَ وَلا ما مَلَكَتْ أَيْمانُهُنَّ ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا بُنَيَّ لا بَأْسَ أَنْ يَرَى الْمَمْلُوكُ الشَّعْرَ وَالسَّاقَ.

2. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il from Ibrahim ibn abu al-Balad and Yahya ibn Ibrahim from his father Ibrahim from Mu‘awiyah ibn ‘Ammar who has said the following: “Once we, about thirty people, were with abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, when my father came and abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, welcomed him, gave him a place just next to himself and turned to him (for speaking) for a long time. Then abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘Abu Mu‘awiyah needs privacy, if you please provide us relief.’ We all got up and my father said to me, ‘O Mu‘awiyah, come back.’ I turned back and abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, asked, ‘Is this your son?’ He replied, ‘Yes, and he thinks that people of al-Madinah do something unlawful.’ He (the Imam) asked, ‘What is it?’ I then said, ‘The woman of Quraysh or of Banu Hashim when riding, places her hand on the head of the black (slave) and her arms on his neck.’ Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘Son, have you not read al-Quran?’ I replied, ‘Yes, I read it.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘Read this verse, ‘. . . it is not unlawful for them about their fathers, sons, and whomever their right hands possess.’ (33:55) He (the Imam) then said, ‘It is not unlawful if a slave looks at one’s hairs and legs (below the knees).”’