Al-Kāfi - Volume 5 > The Case of Prices of Goods
Hadith #5

5- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ سَعْدٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لَمَّا صَارَتِ الأشْيَاءُ لِيُوسُفَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) جَعَلَ الطَّعَامَ فِي بُيُوتٍ وَأَمَرَ بَعْضَ وُكَلائِهِ فَكَانَ يَقُولُ بِعْ بِكَذَا وَكَذَا وَالسِّعْرُ قَائِمٌ فَلَمَّا عَلِمَ أَنَّهُ يَزِيدُ فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ كَرِهَ أَنْ يَجْرِيَ الْغَلاءُ عَلَى لِسَانِهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ اذْهَبْ فَبِعْ وَلَمْ يُسَمِّ لَهُ سِعْراً فَذَهَبَ الْوَكِيلُ غَيْرَ بَعِيدٍ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ اذْهَبْ فَبِعْ وَكَرِهَ أَنْ يَجْرِيَ الْغَلاءُ عَلَى لِسَانِهِ فَذَهَبَ الْوَكِيلُ فَجَاءَ أَوَّلُ مَنِ اكْتَالَ فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ دُونَ مَا كَانَ بِالأمْسِ بِمِكْيَالٍ قَالَ الْمُشْتَرِي حَسْبُكَ إِنَّمَا أَرَدْتُ بِكَذَا وَكَذَا فَعَلِمَ الْوَكِيلُ أَنَّهُ قَدْ غَلا بِمِكْيَالٍ ثُمَّ جَاءَهُ آخَرُ فَقَالَ لَهُ كِلْ لِي فَكَالَ فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ دُونَ الَّذِي كَالَ لِلأوَّلِ بِمِكْيَالٍ قَالَ لَهُ الْمُشْتَرِي حَسْبُكَ إِنَّمَا أَرَدْتُ بِكَذَا وَكَذَا فَعَلِمَ الْوَكِيلُ أَنَّهُ قَدْ غَلا بِمِكْيَالٍ حَتَّى صَارَ إِلَى وَاحِدٍ بِوَاحِدٍ.

5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ‘Abd al- Rahman ibn Hammad from Yunus ibn Ya’qub from Sa‘d from a man who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When things were given in the control of Joseph ibn Ya’qub, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, he placed the grain in houses (storage) and issued an order to his servants to sell for a price of such and such amount. Prices were fixed. When he learned that prices are high he disliked to speak of high prices and then said, ‘Go and sell without mentioning prices.’ The agent before going far away returned to him. He said, ‘Go and sell.’ He disliked speaking of high prices. The agent went back and the first buyer came. The agent measured for him and when it was still less than the amount of the previous day by one measurement the buyer said, ‘It is enough; I only wanted this much for this much.’ The agent realized that prices are still high. Then another buyer came and asked him to measure for him. He measured for him and it still was one less than the measurement for the previous buyer when this buyer said, ‘This much is enough. I only wanted this much (grain) for this much (money).’ The agent realized that prices are still high and so on until it came down to one for one.’”