63. The Case of Prices of Goods

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1- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنِ الْغِفَارِيِّ عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ جَدِّهِ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) عَلامَةُ رِضَا اللهِ تَعَالَى فِي خَلْقِهِ عَدْلُ سُلْطَانِهِمْ وَرُخْصُ أَسْعَارِهِمْ وَعَلامَةُ غَضَبِ اللهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى عَلَى خَلْقِهِ جَوْرُ سُلْطَانِهِمْ وَغَلاءُ أَسْعَارِهِمْ.


1. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn Ahmad from Ya’qub Yazid from al-Ghifariy from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Ishaq from his father from his grandfather who has said the following: “He (the Imam), ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has said, ‘Of the signs of happiness of Allah, most High, with His creatures is the existence of a just ruler and low prices. Of the signs of unhappiness of Allah, most High with His creatures is the existence of an unjust ruler and high prices.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/152)



2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ اللهَ جَلَّ وَعَزَّ وَكَّلَ بِالسِّعْرِ مَلَكاً فَلَنْ يَغْلُوَ مِنْ قِلَّةٍ وَلا يَرْخُصَ مِنْ كَثْرَةٍ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ya’qub ibn Yazid from Muhammad ibn Aslam from those whom he has mentioned who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has assigned an angel on prices. Prices do not go high because of shortages and do not lower because of bounteousness.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/152)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ مَعْرُوفٍ عَنِ الْحَجَّالِ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ الثُّمَالِيِّ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَكَّلَ بِالسِّعْرِ مَلَكاً يُدَبِّرُهُ بِأَمْرِهِ.


3. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn al-‘Abbas ibn Ma’ruf from al-Hajjal from certain persons of his people from abu Hamzah al-Thumaliy who has said the following: “Ali ibn Al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has assigned an angel who regulates prices by His command.’”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/152)



4- سَهْلُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَكَّلَ بِالأسْعَارِ مَلَكاً يُدَبِّرُهَا.


4. Sahl ibn Ziyad has narrated from Ya’qub ibn Yazid from those whom he has mentioned who has narrated the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, has assigned an angel on prices who regulates them (as needed).”’


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: ضعيف - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/152)



5- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ حَمَّادٍ عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ عَنْ سَعْدٍ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لَمَّا صَارَتِ الأشْيَاءُ لِيُوسُفَ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) جَعَلَ الطَّعَامَ فِي بُيُوتٍ وَأَمَرَ بَعْضَ وُكَلائِهِ فَكَانَ يَقُولُ بِعْ بِكَذَا وَكَذَا وَالسِّعْرُ قَائِمٌ فَلَمَّا عَلِمَ أَنَّهُ يَزِيدُ فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ كَرِهَ أَنْ يَجْرِيَ الْغَلاءُ عَلَى لِسَانِهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ اذْهَبْ فَبِعْ وَلَمْ يُسَمِّ لَهُ سِعْراً فَذَهَبَ الْوَكِيلُ غَيْرَ بَعِيدٍ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ لَهُ اذْهَبْ فَبِعْ وَكَرِهَ أَنْ يَجْرِيَ الْغَلاءُ عَلَى لِسَانِهِ فَذَهَبَ الْوَكِيلُ فَجَاءَ أَوَّلُ مَنِ اكْتَالَ فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ دُونَ مَا كَانَ بِالأمْسِ بِمِكْيَالٍ قَالَ الْمُشْتَرِي حَسْبُكَ إِنَّمَا أَرَدْتُ بِكَذَا وَكَذَا فَعَلِمَ الْوَكِيلُ أَنَّهُ قَدْ غَلا بِمِكْيَالٍ ثُمَّ جَاءَهُ آخَرُ فَقَالَ لَهُ كِلْ لِي فَكَالَ فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ دُونَ الَّذِي كَالَ لِلأوَّلِ بِمِكْيَالٍ قَالَ لَهُ الْمُشْتَرِي حَسْبُكَ إِنَّمَا أَرَدْتُ بِكَذَا وَكَذَا فَعَلِمَ الْوَكِيلُ أَنَّهُ قَدْ غَلا بِمِكْيَالٍ حَتَّى صَارَ إِلَى وَاحِدٍ بِوَاحِدٍ.


5. A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Khalid from ‘Abd al- Rahman ibn Hammad from Yunus ibn Ya’qub from Sa‘d from a man who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘When things were given in the control of Joseph ibn Ya’qub, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, he placed the grain in houses (storage) and issued an order to his servants to sell for a price of such and such amount. Prices were fixed. When he learned that prices are high he disliked to speak of high prices and then said, ‘Go and sell without mentioning prices.’ The agent before going far away returned to him. He said, ‘Go and sell.’ He disliked speaking of high prices. The agent went back and the first buyer came. The agent measured for him and when it was still less than the amount of the previous day by one measurement the buyer said, ‘It is enough; I only wanted this much for this much.’ The agent realized that prices are still high. Then another buyer came and asked him to measure for him. He measured for him and it still was one less than the measurement for the previous buyer when this buyer said, ‘This much is enough. I only wanted this much (grain) for this much (money).’ The agent realized that prices are still high and so on until it came down to one for one.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (19/152)



6- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْمَاعِيلَ السَّرَّاجِ عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ رَجُلٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ غَلاءُ السِّعْرِ يُسِي‏ءُ الْخُلُقَ وَيُذْهِبُ الأمَانَةَ وَيُضْجِرُ الْمَرْءَ الْمُسْلِمَ.


6. Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn ‘Isma’il al-Sarraj from Hafs ibn ‘Umar from a man who has said the following: “Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘High prices worsens moral discipline, destroy trust and cause suffering to the Muslims.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/154)



7- أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ بَعْضِ أَصْحَابِهِ رَفَعَهُ فِي قَوْلِ اللهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِنِّي أَراكُمْ بِخَيْرٍ قَالَ كَانَ سِعْرُهُمْ رَخِيصاً.


7. Ahmad ibn Muhammad from has narrated from certain persons of his people in a marfu’ manner’ who have said the following: “About the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘I see you in goodness . . . (11:84) He (the Imam) said, ‘It is a reference to their prices.”


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Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مرفوع - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (9/154)