Al-Kāfi - Volume 5 > Under Whose Command Obligatory Jihad Takes Place?
Hadith #2

2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ مَعْرُوفٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ قَالَ قَالَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ لِلرِّضَا (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَأَنَا أَسْمَعُ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ عَنْ آبَائِهِ (عَلَيْهِم السَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ لِبَعْضِهِمْ إِنَّ فِي بِلادِنَا مَوْضِعَ رِبَاطٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ قَزْوِينُ وَعَدُوّاً يُقَالُ لَهُ الدَّيْلَمُ فَهَلْ مِنْ جِهَادٍ أَوْ هَلْ مِنْ رِبَاطٍ فَقَالَ عَلَيْكُمْ بِهَذَا الْبَيْتِ فَحُجُّوهُ فَأَعَادَ عَلَيْهِ الْحَدِيثَ فَقَالَ عَلَيْكُمْ بِهَذَا الْبَيْتِ فَحُجُّوهُ أَمَا يَرْضَى أَحَدُكُمْ أَنْ يَكُونَ فِي بَيْتِهِ يُنْفِقُ عَلَى عِيَالِهِ مِنْ طَوْلِهِ يَنْتَظِرُ أَمْرَنَا فَإِنْ أَدْرَكَهُ كَانَ كَمَنْ شَهِدَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) بَدْراً وَإِنْ مَاتَ مُنْتَظِراً لأمْرِنَا كَانَ كَمَنْ كَانَ مَعَ قَائِمِنَا (عجل الله تعالى فرجه) هَكَذَا فِي فُسْطَاطِهِ وَجَمَعَ بَيْنَ السَّبَّابَتَيْنِ وَلا أَقُولُ هَكَذَا وَجَمَعَ بَيْنَ السَّبَّابَةِ وَالْوُسْطَى فَإِنَّ هَذِهِ أَطْوَلُ مِنْ هَذِهِ فَقَالَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) صَدَقَ.

2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah and Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-‘Abbas ibn Ma’ruf from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah who has said the following: “Once Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah said to al-Rida’, Alayhi al-Salam, when I was listening, said, ‘My father has narrated from the people of his family from their ancestors, Alayhim al-Salam, that he said to a certain one of them (ancestors), “In our location there is a place called Qazwin for keeping guard against the enemy called al-Daylam. Is Jihad or Ribat (guarding) obligatory?” He (the person of our ancestors) said, “You must not miss performing al-Hajj around this House.” He repeated the Hadith he had just said and the answer was again, “You must pay attention to this House to perform al-Hajj around it. Do you not agree that one of you stays home to spend on his family of his gains and wait for our cause to materialize? If he finds himself in such a day he is considered like those who were present with the prophet on the day of Badr. If he dies, while waiting for our cause to materialize, he is considered like one standing with the one from us, who will rise with divine authority, in his tent like this” - holding his two index fingers together - saying, “I do not say like this” - holding his index and middle fingers together -“because this one is taller than this.’” Abu al-Hassan al-Rida, Alayhi al- Salam, then said, ‘He had spoken the truth.’”