6. Under Whose Command Obligatory Jihad Takes Place?

Back to book

1- عَلِيُّ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ لَقِيَ عَبَّادٌ الْبَصْرِيُّ عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) فِي طَرِيقِ مَكَّةَ فَقَالَ لَهُ يَا عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحُسَيْنِ تَرَكْتَ الْجِهَادَ وَصُعُوبَتَهُ وَأَقْبَلْتَ عَلَى الْحَجِّ وَلِينَتِهِ إِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ إِنَّ اللهَ اشْتَرى‏ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَنْفُسَهُمْ وَأَمْوالَهُمْ بِأَنَّ لَهُمُ الْجَنَّةَ يُقاتِلُونَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللهِ فَيَقْتُلُونَ وَيُقْتَلُونَ وَعْداً عَلَيْهِ حَقًّا فِي التَّوْراةِ وَالإنْجِيلِ وَالْقُرْآنِ وَمَنْ أَوْفى‏ بِعَهْدِهِ مِنَ اللهِ فَاسْتَبْشِرُوا بِبَيْعِكُمُ الَّذِي بايَعْتُمْ بِهِ وَذلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ فَقَالَ لَهُ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) أَتِمَّ الآيَةَ فَقَالَ التَّائِبُونَ الْعابِدُونَ الْحامِدُونَ السَّائِحُونَ الرَّاكِعُونَ السَّاجِدُونَ الآمِرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَالنَّاهُونَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَالْحافِظُونَ لِحُدُودِ اللهِ وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فَقَالَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ (عَلَيْهِما السَّلام) إِذَا رَأَيْنَا هَؤُلاءِ الَّذِينَ هَذِهِ صِفَتُهُمْ فَالْجِهَادُ مَعَهُمْ أَفْضَلُ مِنَ الْحَجِّ.


1. Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ‘Uthman from ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “’Abu ‘ Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said that ‘Abbad al-Basriy met Ali ibn al-Husayn, ‘Alayhi al- Salam, on the way to Makkah and said, ‘O Ali ibn al-Husayn, you have disregarded Jihad because it is difficult but you have inclined toward al-Hajj because of the ease in it. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Glorious, says, “Allah has purchased the souls and property of the believers in exchange for Paradise. They fight for the cause of Allah to destroy His enemies and to sacrifice themselves. This is a true promise which He has revealed in the Torah, the Gospel, and the al-Quran. No one is more true to His promise than Allah. Allow this bargain to be glad news for them. This is indeed the supreme triumph.’” (9:111) Ali ibn al-Husayn, Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘Complete the verse.’ He then recited: ‘(The believers) who repent for their sins, worship Allah, praise Him, travel through the land (for pious purposes), kneel down and prostrate themselves in obedience to Allah, make others do good and prevent them from sins and abide by the laws of Allah, will receive a great reward. Allow this to be glad news for the believer.’ (9:112) Ali ibn al-Husayn, Alayhi al-Salam, said, ‘If we see these kinds of people with these qualities then Jihad along side with them is more virtuous than al-Hajj.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: موثق - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/347)



2- عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ مَعْرُوفٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ قَالَ قَالَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ لِلرِّضَا (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) وَأَنَا أَسْمَعُ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عَنْ أَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ عَنْ آبَائِهِ (عَلَيْهِم السَّلام) أَنَّهُ قَالَ لِبَعْضِهِمْ إِنَّ فِي بِلادِنَا مَوْضِعَ رِبَاطٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ قَزْوِينُ وَعَدُوّاً يُقَالُ لَهُ الدَّيْلَمُ فَهَلْ مِنْ جِهَادٍ أَوْ هَلْ مِنْ رِبَاطٍ فَقَالَ عَلَيْكُمْ بِهَذَا الْبَيْتِ فَحُجُّوهُ فَأَعَادَ عَلَيْهِ الْحَدِيثَ فَقَالَ عَلَيْكُمْ بِهَذَا الْبَيْتِ فَحُجُّوهُ أَمَا يَرْضَى أَحَدُكُمْ أَنْ يَكُونَ فِي بَيْتِهِ يُنْفِقُ عَلَى عِيَالِهِ مِنْ طَوْلِهِ يَنْتَظِرُ أَمْرَنَا فَإِنْ أَدْرَكَهُ كَانَ كَمَنْ شَهِدَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللهِ (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِه) بَدْراً وَإِنْ مَاتَ مُنْتَظِراً لأمْرِنَا كَانَ كَمَنْ كَانَ مَعَ قَائِمِنَا (عجل الله تعالى فرجه) هَكَذَا فِي فُسْطَاطِهِ وَجَمَعَ بَيْنَ السَّبَّابَتَيْنِ وَلا أَقُولُ هَكَذَا وَجَمَعَ بَيْنَ السَّبَّابَةِ وَالْوُسْطَى فَإِنَّ هَذِهِ أَطْوَلُ مِنْ هَذِهِ فَقَالَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) صَدَقَ.


2. A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn abu Nasr from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah and Muhammad ibn Yahya from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-‘Abbas ibn Ma’ruf from Safwan ibn Yahya from ‘Abd Allah ibn al-Mughirah who has said the following: “Once Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah said to al-Rida’, Alayhi al-Salam, when I was listening, said, ‘My father has narrated from the people of his family from their ancestors, Alayhim al-Salam, that he said to a certain one of them (ancestors), “In our location there is a place called Qazwin for keeping guard against the enemy called al-Daylam. Is Jihad or Ribat (guarding) obligatory?” He (the person of our ancestors) said, “You must not miss performing al-Hajj around this House.” He repeated the Hadith he had just said and the answer was again, “You must pay attention to this House to perform al-Hajj around it. Do you not agree that one of you stays home to spend on his family of his gains and wait for our cause to materialize? If he finds himself in such a day he is considered like those who were present with the prophet on the day of Badr. If he dies, while waiting for our cause to materialize, he is considered like one standing with the one from us, who will rise with divine authority, in his tent like this” - holding his two index fingers together - saying, “I do not say like this” - holding his index and middle fingers together -“because this one is taller than this.’” Abu al-Hassan al-Rida, Alayhi al- Salam, then said, ‘He had spoken the truth.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: سكت عنه - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (8/347)



3- مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الطَّاطَرِيُّ عَمَّنْ ذَكَرَهُ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ النُّعْمَانِ عَنْ سُوَيْدٍ الْقَلانِسِيِّ عَنْ بَشِيرٍ الدَّهَّانِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ إِنِّي رَأَيْتُ فِي الْمَنَامِ أَنِّي قُلْتُ لَكَ إِنَّ الْقِتَالَ مَعَ غَيْرِ الإمَامِ الْمَفْرُوضِ طَاعَتُهُ حَرَامٌ مِثْلَ الْمَيْتَةِ وَالدَّمِ وَلَحْمِ الْخِنْزِيرِ فَقُلْتَ لِي هُوَ كَذَلِكَ فَقَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ (عَلَيْهِ السَّلام) هُوَ كَذَلِكَ هُوَ كَذَلِكَ.


3. Muhammad ibn al-Hassan al-Tatriy has narrated from those who he has mentioned in his book - from Ali ibn af-Nu’man from Suwayd af-Qalanisiy from Bashir al-Dahhan who has said the following: “I once said to abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, ‘I saw a dream in which I said to you, “Fighting alongside one who is not an Imam, obedience to whom is obligatory, is unlawful just like consuming dead animals, blood and pork for food. You said to me (in my dream), “That is how it is.’” Abu ‘Abd Allah, Alayhi al-Salam, then said, ‘That is how it is. That is how it is.’”


Grading:

Allamah Baqir al-Majlisi: مجهول مرسل - Mir‘at al ‘Uqul Fi Sharh Akhbar Al al Rasul (18/348)